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Winkler, A. S., M. Leonardi, B. D. Michael, F. Abd-Allah, W. Carroll, and A. Guekht, "A WHO resolution on epilepsy and other neurological disorders.", The Lancet. Neurology, vol. 20, issue 3, pp. 171-172, 2021.
Winkle, S., M. Refai, and R. Rohde, "On the antigenic relationship of Vibrio cholerae to Enterobacteriaceae. ", Ann. Inst. Pasteur , vol. 123,, pp. 775-781, 1972. winkle_anninstpast_1.pdf
Winawer, S. J., P. J. Pasricha, W. Schmiegel, F. A. Sinicrope, J. Sung, T. Seufferlein, A. M. Kassem, R. Malekzadeh, R. C. Kurtz, M. Classen, et al., "The future role of the gastroenterologist in digestive oncology: an international perspective.", Gastroenterology, vol. 141, issue 4, pp. e13-21, 2011 Oct. Abstract
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Wimpenny, K., F. Nascimbeni, S. Affouneh, A. Almakari, I. M. Jariego, and A. Eldeib, "Using open education practices across the Mediterranean for intercultural curriculum development in higher education", Teaching in Higher Education, https://doi.org/10.1080/13562517.2019.1696298, vol. November, issue 10.1080/13562517.2019.1696298, 2019.
Wimpenny, K., F. Nascimbeni, S. Affouneh, A. Almakari, I. M. Jariego, and A. Eldeib, "Using open education practices across the Mediterranean for intercultural curriculum development in higher education", Teaching in Higher Education, https://doi.org/10.1080/13562517.2019.1696298, vol. 27, issue 1, pp. 54–69, 2022.
Wilson, M. K., L. A. Newberry, J. K. Skeeles, J. N. Beasley, G. R. Bayyari, W. E. Huff, R. W. McNew, R. G. Hein, C. E. Whitfill, and E. Haddad, "Infectious bursal disease virus induced proventriculitis in maternally immune broiler chickens", Western Poultry Disease Conference (USA), 1996. Abstract
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Wilson, B., Systems: concepts, methodologies and applications, , 2nd, Chichester, Wiley, 1990. Abstract

explains checkland's method

Wilson, M., A. A. Abou-Elalla, M. T. Zakaria, huda marzouk, H. L. Fayed, and M. O. F. Hanna, "Serum Amyloid A Type 1 Gene Polymorphism in Egyptian Children with Familial Mediterranean Fever.", Pathobiology : journal of immunopathology, molecular and cellular biology, vol. 83, issue 6, pp. 295-300, 2016. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Since spontaneous inflammation is an important contributor to familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), genetic variants mediating inflammation are of interest. We investigated gene variants in the acute-phase serum amyloid A type 1 (SAA1), a sensitive marker of inflammatory activity, and their association with susceptibility and severity of FMF.

METHODS: The genotypes of 2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms within exon 3 of SAA1 (2995C/T and 3010C/T) were determined in 105 Egyptian children with FMF and in 125 controls by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Genotyping of the causative MEFV mutations was performed by reverse hybridization.

RESULTS: The M694I mutation was the most frequent allele (42.8%), followed by V726A (18.6%), M680I (17.1%), E148Q (11.9%) and M694V (9.0%). The frequency of the SAA1 α, β and x03B3; alleles was not significantly different between FMF patients and controls. The genotype frequency of SAA1 α/α was higher in patients than in healthy subjects (21.0 vs. 14.4%) although it did not reach statistical significance. The clinical manifestations including age at disease onset, number of FMF attacks, colchicine dose and severity score were not related to genotypes of SAA1. However, M694V mutation and female gender were significantly associated with severity.

CONCLUSION: The genetic polymorphism of SAA1 is not associated with susceptibility and severity of FMF in Egyptian children.

Wilson, M. M., H. Al-Wakeel, F. Said, M. El-Ghamrawy, M. Assaad, and A. El-Beshlawy, "Study of the effect of HFE gene mutations on iron overload in Egyptian thalassemia patients", Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics, vol. 16, no. 2: Elsevier, pp. 129–133, 2015. Abstract
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Wilson, M., A. A. Abou-Elalla, M. T. Zakaria, huda marzouk, H. L. Fayed, and M. O. F. Hanna, "Serum Amyloid A Type 1 Gene Polymorphism in Egyptian Children with Familial Mediterranean Fever.", Pathobiology : journal of immunopathology, molecular and cellular biology, vol. 83, issue 6, pp. 295-300, 2016. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Since spontaneous inflammation is an important contributor to familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), genetic variants mediating inflammation are of interest. We investigated gene variants in the acute-phase serum amyloid A type 1 (SAA1), a sensitive marker of inflammatory activity, and their association with susceptibility and severity of FMF.

METHODS: The genotypes of 2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms within exon 3 of SAA1 (2995C/T and 3010C/T) were determined in 105 Egyptian children with FMF and in 125 controls by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Genotyping of the causative MEFV mutations was performed by reverse hybridization.

RESULTS: The M694I mutation was the most frequent allele (42.8%), followed by V726A (18.6%), M680I (17.1%), E148Q (11.9%) and M694V (9.0%). The frequency of the SAA1 α, β and x03B3; alleles was not significantly different between FMF patients and controls. The genotype frequency of SAA1 α/α was higher in patients than in healthy subjects (21.0 vs. 14.4%) although it did not reach statistical significance. The clinical manifestations including age at disease onset, number of FMF attacks, colchicine dose and severity score were not related to genotypes of SAA1. However, M694V mutation and female gender were significantly associated with severity.

CONCLUSION: The genetic polymorphism of SAA1 is not associated with susceptibility and severity of FMF in Egyptian children.

Wilson, A. M., and A. A. Zaki, "Novel Clitoral Reconstruction and Coverage With Sensate Labial Flaps: Potential Remedy for Female Genital Mutilation.", Aesthetic surgery journal, vol. 42, issue 2, pp. 183-192, 2022. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Complications caused by female genital mutilation (FGM), such as clitoral pain, reduced sensation, and diminished sexual function, can be alleviated by clitoral reconstruction, which can also improve the aesthetics and restore the anatomy of the genitalia.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to create sensate labial flaps to cover the neoclitoris and assess the outcome of the procedure.

METHODS: Between December 2018 and July 2020, 40 patients with FGM underwent clitoral reconstruction and coverage with sensate labial flaps donated by the remnant of the labia minora and were followed prospectively. Flaps were mapped on the less-mutilated labia minora according to recent descriptions of arterial anatomy and innervation. Before the surgery, the patients' clitoral sensation was assessed on a 6-point scale and they were also given the Female Sexual Functional Index (FSFI) questionnaire to complete. Eight and 24 weeks postoperatively, the same assessment was repeated and the data compared.

RESULTS: The mean Female Sexual Functional Index score increased significantly from 11.64 (range, 2.8-25.6) preoperatively to 29.14 (range, 12.8-35.4) postoperatively. Similarly, clitoral sensation increased significantly from 2.35 (range, 1-4) before the surgery to 4.9 (range, 2-6) after the surgery. In total, 95% of patients benefited from the surgery.

CONCLUSIONS: Clitoral reconstruction with sensate labial flaps after FGM resulted in significant improvements in sexual function, clitoral sensation, genital aesthetics, and self-esteem.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4:

Wilson, B. C., and M. S. Patterson, "The physics, biophysics and technology of photodynamic therapy", Physics in Medicine & Biology, vol. 53, issue 9: IOP Publishing, pp. R61, 2008. Abstract
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Wilson, M., A. A. Abou-Elalla, M. T. Zakaria, huda marzouk, H. L. Fayed, and M. O. F. Hanna, "Serum Amyloid A Type 1 Gene Polymorphism in Egyptian Children with Familial Mediterranean Fever", Pathobiology ISSN: 1015-2008 (Print); e-ISSN: 1423-0291 (Online), vol. 83, pp. 295–300, 2016.
Wilmsen, and M. F. Aly, "Late Campanian nautiloids from Deir Abu Said, north-western Jordan", Cretaceous Research, vol. 102, pp. 81-88, 2019.
Wilmsen, Hewaidy, M. F. Aly, and Nagm, " Cenomanian–Turonian (Cretaceous) ammonites from the Wadi Araba area, Eastern Desert, Egypt.", 77. Jahrestagung der Paläontologischen Gesellschaft, Geologischen Institut der TU Bergakademie Freiberg., 2007.
Willcocks, L., "Evaluating {Information} {Technology} investments: research findings and reappraisal", Journal of Information Systems, vol. 2, pp. 243–268, 1992. Abstract
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Wilcox, R. D., R. M. Pagni, H. M. Hassaneen, and G. W. Kabalka, "Selected Reactions of 1,8-Divinylnaphthalen.", J. Org. Chem., vol. 46, pp. 1931-1934, 1981.
Wifi, A. S., "Large strain elastoplastic analysis of some hydrostatic pressure-aided deformation processes", Numerical Methods in Industrial Forming Processes, pp. 135–144, 1982. Abstract
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Wifi, A. S., T. F. Abdelmaguid, and A. I. El-ghandour, {A REVIEW OF THE OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES APPLIED TO THE DEEP DRAWING PROCESS}, , 2007. Abstract
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Wifi, A. S., A. E. El-Mokadem, and M. Saber, "Computer- aided roll design for open sections contour roll-forming process", ninth Cairo University International Conference on Mechanical Design and Production (MDP-9), Cairo, 30 December, 2008. p2-_computer-_aided_roll_design_for_open_sections_contour_roll-forming_process.doc
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