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Torad, F. A., M. Amer, A. Shamaa, O. El-Tookhy, D. S. Abdel-Fattah, L. Rashed, M. A. Hamid, S. Mahfouz, and D. Gharib, "Long Term Evaluation of Human Umbilical Cord Blood Mesenchymal Stem Cells in the Management of Total Coronary Occlusion (Experimental Study in Dogs)", Asian Journal of Animal Sciences, vol. 9, issue 6, pp. 266-279, 2015.
Torad, F. A., and E. A. Hassan, "Surgical Correction of Female Pseudohermaphroditism in Five Pit Bull Dogs", Asian Journal of Animal Sciences, vol. 10, issue 1, pp. 77-84, 2016.
Torad, F. A., A. M. Abu-Seida, A. A. Shamaa, E. A. Hassan, and A. I. AbdelGalil, "Ultrasonography and surgical management of a perineal hernia in a donkey", EQUINE VETERINARY EDUCATION, vol. 33, issue 9, pp. 313-316, 2021.
Torad, F. A., and E. A. Hassan, "Two-dimensional cardiothoracic ratio for evaluation of cardiac size in German shepherd dogs", J Vet Cardiol, vol. 16, issue 4, pp. 237-244, 2014.
Torad, F. M., A. M. Abu-Seida, and O. S. el-Tookhy, "The role of radiology in diagnosing some canine thoracic affections", 15th. Congress of the International Veterinary Radiology Association, Rio de Janerio- Brazil, pp. 186, 2009.
Torad, F. A., and E. A. Hassan, "Surgical correction of some congenital external genital anomalies in dogs (Abst.)", The 2nd Asia Pacific Veterinary Conference, 1-3 October Bangkok- Thailand, pp. 462, 2014.
Torad, F. A., I. N. El-Husseiny, and S. Salem, "Evaluation of xylazine / tramadol combination as a neurolept-analgesic in dogs: Experimental and clinical study", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Assoc., vol. 69, issue 4, pp. 287-298, 2009.
Torad, A. A., W. A. H. Kader, M. S. Saleh, and M. M. Torad, "VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF THE ARABIC VERSION OF KOOS-PHYSICAL FUNCTION SHORT FORM IN KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIC PATIENTS", International Journal of Recent Advances in Multidisciplinary Research, vol. 2, issue 8, pp. 0599-0604, 2015. Abstract

Objective: To test the validity and reliability of arabic-language version of the knee injury and
osteoarthritis outcome score physical function short form to measure the physical function in knee
osteoarthritic patients.
Method: Sixty nine patients with knee osteoarthritis (bilateral osteoarthritis considered 2 cases) were
recruited and 150 sheets (test and retest sheets) were filled out and three expert panels (each consists of
ten experts) participated in this study, forward translation, development of preliminary initially
translated version, backward translation, development of the pre-final version and testing of pre-final
version using experts then testing of the final version on patients was done. Clarity index, expert
proportion of clearance, index of content validity, expert proportion of relevance, descriptive statistics,
missed item index, Cronbach’s alpha and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient were used for
statistical analysis.
Results: The study showed that scale index of clarity equals 100%, scale-level clarity index universal
agreement equals 100%, scale index of content validity equals 97.14%, scale-level content validity
index universal agreement equals 71%, the scale items were filled by 99.4% in all sheets, the scale
needed less than five minutes to answer in about 99% all sheets, Cronbach's alpha equals 0.848 (0.789,
0.896) and all Spearman’s correlations between test and retest results were statistically significant.
Conclusion: Arabic-language version of the knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score physical
function short form is valid and reliable enough to measure the physical function in knee osteoarthritic

Torad, F. A., M. S. Amer, A. A. Shamaa, and E. A. eLsherpieny, "Echocardiographic measurements and indices in normal adult buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)", Journal of Applied Animal Research, vol. 45, issue 1, pp. 336-341, 2017.
Torad, F. A., and E. A. Hassan, "Sedative, analgesic, and behavioral effects of nalbuphine-xylazine and nalbuphine-midazolam combinations in dogs", Journal of Veterinary Behavior, pp. 40-45, 2018.
Toraf, F. A., and E. A. Hassan, "Epidural Lidocaine, Nalbuphine, and Lidocaine–Nalbuphine Combination in Donkeys", Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, vol. 37, pp. 1-5, 2016.
Torii, H., T. Tatsumi, and M. Tasumi, "Effects of hydration on the structure, vibrational wavenumbers, vibrational force field and resonance raman intensities of N‐methylacetamide", Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, vol. 29, issue 6: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Chichester, UK, pp. 537-546, 1998. Abstract
Tork, O. M., S. N. Amin., and L. A.Rashed, "Melatonin Reduces Endotoxin-Induced Cardiac Injury in Rats", Medical Science And clinical Research, vol. 2, issue 10, pp. 2765-2777, 2014. 38_jmscr.pdf
Tork, O. M., S. N. Amin, and L. A.Rashed, "Melatonin Reduces Cardiac Injury Induced by Lipopolysaccharides in Rats", JMSCR, vol. 2, issue 10, 2014.
Tork, O. M., E. F. Khaleel, and O. M. Abdelmaqsoud, "Altered Cell to Cell Communication, Autophagy and Mitochondrial Dysfunction in a Model of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Potential Protective Effects of Curcumin and Stem Cell Therapy.", Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP, vol. 16, issue 18, pp. 8271-9, 2015. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hepato-carcinogenesis is multifaceted in its molecular aspects. Among the interplaying agents are altered gap junctions, the proteasome/autophagy system, and mitochondria. The present experimental study was designed to outline the roles of these players and to investigate the tumor suppressive effects of curcumin with or without mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult female albino rats were divided into normal controls and animals with HCC induced by diethyl-nitrosamine (DENA) and CCl4. Additional groups treated after HCC induction were: Cur/HCC which received curcumin; MSCs/HCC which received MSCs; and Cur+MSCs/ HCC which received both curcumin and MSCs. For all groups there were histopathological examination and assessment of gene expression of connexin43 (Cx43), ubiquitin ligase-E3 (UCP-3), the autophagy marker LC3 and coenzyme-Q10 (Mito.Q10) mRNA by real time, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, along with measurement of LC3II/LC3I ratio for estimation of autophagosome formation in the rat liver tissue. In addition, the serum levels of ALT, AST and alpha fetoprotein (AFP), together with the proinflammatory cytokines TNFα and IL-6, were determined in all groups.

RESULTS: Histopathological examination of liver tissue from animals which received DENA-CCl4 only revealed the presence of anaplastic carcinoma cells and macro-regenerative nodules. Administration of curcumin, MSCs; each alone or combined into rats after induction of HCC improved the histopathological picture. This was accompanied by significant reduction in α-fetoprotein together with proinflammatory cytokines and significant decrease of various liver enzymes, in addition to upregulation of Cx43, UCP-3, LC3 and Mito.Q10 mRNA.

CONCLUSIONS: Improvement of Cx43 expression, nonapoptotic cell death and mitochondrial function can repress tumor growth in HCC. Administration of curcumin and/or MSCs have tumor suppressive effects as they can target these mechanisms. However, further research is still needed to verify their effectiveness.

Torkey, F. A., F. A. Omara, M. A. Elrabeey, and N. A. Elbahnasawy, "Task Dispatching For Parallel Vector Processors", Minufiya Journal of Electronic Engineering Research, vol. 12, issue 2, pp. 59- 76, 2002.
Torki, A., and A. M. Eldeib, "Driver Drowsiness Detection Using Forehead Brain Signals", Journal of Engineering and Applied Science, vol. 63, issue 4, 2016.
Torky, H. A., A. Elshenawy, and A. Eesa, "Infiltrating Mammary Duct Adenocarcinoma in the Right Labia Majora Along the Milk-Line.", Zeitschrift fur Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie, vol. 221, issue 6, pp. 283-285, 2017. Abstract

Breast tissue rarely arises from the vulva and malignancy might develop in it. Thirty-eight-year-old woman presented with a suspicious ulcer in the right labia majora discovered accidently and removed by wide local excision. Histopathology revealed infiltrating mammary duct adenocarcinoma along the milk line. Immunohistochemistry was positive for estrogen and progesterone receptors and equivocal overexpression for HER2 protein with a score of 2+. Metastatic work-up was clear. Inguinal lymph nodes were enlarged and lymphadenectomy done which showed positive lymph nodes on the right side and none on the left. She is receiving adjuvant therapy. Mammary duct carcinoma along the nipple line is rare but should be considered when dealing with suspicious vulvar lesions.

Torky, M., A. Mosharafa, A. Emran, A. Kamal, and M. Abdelhamid, "Antimicrobial Therapy for Asymptomatic Patients with Elevated Prostate-Specific Antigen: Can the Change in Prostate-Specific Antigen Reliably Guide Prostate Biopsy Decisions?", Urol Int, 2011. AbstractCU-PDF

Objectives: To assess the effects of a 4-week levofloxacin course on PSA in asymptomatic men with elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and on prostate biopsy decision.

Torky, H. A., A. Taha, H. Marie, E. El-Desouky, O. Raslan, A. A. Moussa, A. M. Ahmad, A. Abo-Louz, S. Zaki, T. Fares, et al., "Role of topical oxytocin in improving vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women: a randomized, controlled trial.", Climacteric : the journal of the International Menopause Society, vol. 21, issue 2, pp. 174-178, 2018. Abstract

OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled trial to test the effectiveness of topical oxytocin gel to improve vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 140 postmenopausal women presenting with vaginal atrophy and who satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria were randomized into two groups each of 70 patients; they received intravaginal oxytocin gel or placebo gel for 30 days. Serum estrogen level, visual, colposcopic and histological vaginal examination were performed before and after treatment.

RESULTS: Forty-seven out of 70 women in the oxytocin gel group improved after treatment and none in the placebo group (p = 0.001). Forty-five participants in the oxytocin group and seven in the placebo group reported relief of dyspareunia (p = 0.001). Thirty-four participants in the oxytocin group and seven in the placebo group reported relief of soreness (p = 0.001). There was no significant difference between the circulating levels of estradiol in both groups before and after treatment (p = 0.4 and 0.6 for the oxytocin group and the placebo group, respectively).

CONCLUSION: Oxytocin gel is useful in the restoration of the vaginal epithelium in cases of postmenopausal atrophic vaginitis. Further studies with a longer follow-up period are required to test the long-term effects of oxytocin as a treatment for vaginal atrophy.

Torky, M., R. Babers, R. A. Ibrahim, A. E. Hassanien, G. Schaefer, I. Korovin, and S. Y. Zhu, " Credibility investigation of newsworthy tweets using a visualising Petri net model", 2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC), , USA, 9-12 Oct. 2016. Abstract

Investigating information credibility is an important problem in online social networks such as Twitter. Since misleading information can get easily propagated in Twitter, ranking tweets according to their credibility can help to detect rumors and identify misinformation. In this paper, we propose a Petri net model to visualise tweet credibility in Twitter. We consider the uniform resource locator (URL) as an effective feature in evaluating tweet credibility since it is used to identify the source of tweets, especially for newsworthy tweets. We perform an experimental evaluation on about 1000 tweets, and show that the proposed model is effective for assigning tweets to two classes: credible and incredible tweets, which each class being further divided into two sub-classes (“credible” and “seem credible” and “doubtful” and “incredible” tweets, respectively) based on appropriate features.

Torky, M., R. Baberse, R. Ibrahim, A. E. Hassanien, G. Schaefer, I. Korovin, and S. Y. Zhu, "Credibility investigation of newsworthy tweets using a visualising Petri net model", Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC), 2016 IEEE International Conference on: IEEE, pp. 003894–003898, 2016. Abstract
Torky, A. A., and Y. F. Rashed, "High-performance practical stiffness analysis of high-rise buildings using superfloor elements", Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, vol. 7, no. 2: Oxford University Press, pp. 211–227, 2020. Abstract