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Tolba, D. A., D. M. S. El-Fayoumi, M. S. Abdelaziz, and M. H. Nabih, "Fluorescein Angiographic Findings in Patients with Active Systemic Lupus Erythematosus", ocular immunology and inflammation, vol. 26(6), issue 0927-3948, pp. 884-890, 2017. fluorescein_angiographic_findings_in_patients_with_active_systemic_lupus_erythematosus.pdf
Tolba, M. F., W. S. Sayed, M. E. Fouda, H. Saleh, M. Al-Qutayri, B. Mohammad, and A. G. Radwan, "Digital Emulation of a Versatile Memristor With Speech Encryption Application", IEEE Access, vol. 7: IEEE, pp. 174280–174297, 2019. Abstract
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Tolba, S., I. M. Reda, S. El-Asely, E. El-Ebiary, A. El-Sanousi, and N. Barhouma, "Studies on infectious laryngotracheitis virus. II. The effect of incubation temperature on the pathogenicity of I.L.T. virus (for chicken embryos inoculated by allantoic route)", Assiut Vet. Med. J. , vol. 25(49), pp. 82-86, 1991.
Tolba, M. F., A. H. Madian, and A. G. Radwan, "FPGA realization of ALU for mobile GPU", 3rd International Conference on Advances in Computational Tools for Engineering Applications (ACTEA), 2016. Abstract
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Tolba, H. M., and A. N. Shafik, "Preliminary Study on the Antimicrobial activity of some Non-Steroid Anti-inflammatory Drugs against Organisms Causing Arthritis. ", - Kasr El Eini Medical Journal , vol. 7, issue 2, 2001.
Tolba, M. F., B. A. D. M. AboAlNaga, L. A. Said, A. H. Madian, and A. G. Radwan, "Fractional order integrator/differentiator: FPGA implementation and FOPID controller application", AEU-International Journal of Electronics and Communications, vol. 98: Urban & Fischer, pp. 220-229, 2019. Abstract
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tolba, A., S. Daghash, M. I. Abdrabou, and M. Fathi, "Anatomical, histological and in vitro study debating some reasons for left horn pregnancy phenomenon in the one-humped she-camel(camelus dromedarius)", Bioscience Research, vol. 16, issue 4, pp. 3629-3639, 2019.
Tolba, E., "Proposed Program for Developing Some Concepts for Nursery School Children in Egypt Using Artistic Activities", International Journal of Educational and Pedagogical Sciences, vol. 11, issue 7, pp. 1771-1774, 2017.
Tolba, M. F., A. M. AbdelAty, L. A. Said, A. S. Elwakil, A. T. Azar, A. H. Madian, A. Ounnas, and A. G. Radwan, "FPGA realization of Caputo and Grünwald-Letnikov operators", Modern Circuits and Systems Technologies (MOCAST), 2017 6th International Conference on: IEEE, pp. 1–4, 2017. Abstract
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Tolba, D. E. M., and dr. eman saeed abd el hameed, the effectiveness of an educational program for developing visual spatial intelligence of kindergarten children, , cairo, cairo university, 2012.
Tolba, M. F., M. E. Fouda, H. G. Hezayyin, A. H. Madian, and A. G. Radwan, "Memristor FPGA ip core implementation for analog and digital applications", IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, vol. 66, no. 8: IEEE, pp. 1381–1385, 2019. Abstract
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Toma, J. E., J. L. Sapp, A. El-Damaty, J. Warren, P. MacInnis, R. Parkash, C. J. Gray, M. Gardiner, and M. Horacek, "AUTOMATED LOCALIZATION OF LEFT VENTRICULAR PACING SITES FROM THE 12-LEAD ELECTROCARDIOGRAM DURING CATHETER ABLATION STUDY", Canadian Journal of Cardiology, vol. 30, no. 10: Elsevier, pp. S263, 2014. Abstract

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Tomairek, R. H., M. M. Amin, K. A. Raafat, S. Abdelhady, and A. Elkotoury, "Prevalence of Congenital Ocular Anomalies among Children with Genetic Disorders: An Egyptian Study.", Seminars in ophthalmology, vol. 33, issue 5, pp. 613-619, 2018. Abstract

PURPOSE: To assess the pattern and frequency of occurrence of ocular anomalies among other genetic disorders in Egypt.

METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 2500 cases presenting with genetic disorders. Cases were recruited from the clinical genetics department of the National Research Centre (NRC) over a four-year period between January 2011 and December 2014. Ophthalmological examination of the cases was performed in the pediatric ophthalmology department of Cairo University Hospitals.

RESULTS: Out of 2500 cases with congenital disorders, 2.4% suffered one or more ocular anomalies with a male to female ratio of 1.7:1. Consanguinity was reported in 76.7% and family history was positive in 35% of ocular cases. The most common ocular anomalies were congenital cataract, retinal dystrophies, glaucoma, and retinoblastoma in order of frequency. Chromosomal aberrations were detected in two retinoblastoma cases and in one case of charge association with cataract and iris coloboma. A truncating mutation in exon 8 of OCRL1 was reported in a case of Lowe syndrome with cataract. A total of 51.7% of ocular cases were non-isolated (associated with other genetic disorders).

CONCLUSION: In Egypt, ocular genetic disorders are not uncommon among other genetic disorders. Consanguinity is high, suggesting high incidence of autosomal recessive inheritance of genetic disorders with an ocular component. Proper systemic assessment of all cases with ocular anomalies is a necessity due to the high percentage of non-isolated ocular anomalies. Genetic counseling of parents would help in reducing recurrence rates through prenatal diagnosis whenever possible.

Tomaszewski, P. E., "Comments on the “effect of γ-radiation on the phase transition temperature of Li0.5(NH4)0.5SO4” by Badr and El-Guiziri", Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, vol. 51, no. 12, pp. 1433 -, 1990. AbstractWebsite
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Tomerak, R. H., E. A. A. Badawy, A. E. Eskander, and A. H. Mahmoud, "Does bloody aspirate reflect the state of upper gastrointestinal mucosa in a critically ill newborn?", Arab Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 13, issue 3, pp. 130–135, 2012.
Tomerak, R., A. El Badawy, A. Eskandar, and A. Mahmoud, "DOES BLOODY ASPIRATE REFLECT THE STATE OF UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL MUCOSA IN A CRITICALLY ILL NEWBORN?", INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE, vol. 39: SPRINGER 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA, pp. S180–S180, 2013. Abstract
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Tomerak, H. A. M. R., Badawy, A. A. El-Kholy, and A. S. Hamed, "TRACHEAL COLONIZATION IN PRETERM INFANTS SUPPORTED WITH NASAL CONTINUOUS POSITIVE AIRWAY PRESSURE", INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE, vol. 39, pp. S95–S95, 2013.
Tomerak, R., H. A. M. Badawy, A. A. El-Kholy, and A. S. Hamed, "TRACHEAL COLONIZATION IN PRETERM INFANTS SUPPORTED WITH NASAL CONTINUOUS POSITIVE AIRWAY PRESSURE", INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE, vol. 39: SPRINGER 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA, pp. S95–S95, 2013. Abstract
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Tomerak, R. H., A. A. El-Badawy, G. H. Ahmed, Nermin R.M. Kamel, and A. R. A. Razak, "Echocardiogram Done Early in Neonatal Sepsis: What Does It Add?", Journal of Investigative Medicine, vol. 60, issue 4, pp. 680-684, 2012. neonatal_sepsis.pdf
Tomerak, R., H. Hamdi, U. Khalafallah, and E. M. shazly, "ASSESSMENT OF EXPOSURE OF EGYPTIAN INFANTS TO AFLATOXIN M1 THROUGH BREAST MILK", INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE, vol. 39, pp. S73–S73, 2013.
Tomerak, R. H., A. A. El Badawy, A. E. Eskander, and A. H. Mahmoud, "Does bloody aspirate reflect the state of upper gastrointestinal mucosa in a critically ill newborn?", Arab Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 13, no. 3: Elsevier, pp. 130–135, 2012. Abstract
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Tomerak, R. H., H. H. Shaban, O. A. Khalafallah, and M. N. El Shazly, "Assessment of exposure of Egyptian infants to aflatoxin M1 through breast milk", The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association, vol. 86, no. 3 and 4: LWW, pp. 51–55, 2011. Abstract
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Tomerak, R. H., A. A. El Badawy, A. E. Eskander, and A. H. Mahmoud, "Does bloody aspirate reflect the state of upper gastrointestinal mucosa in a critically ill newborn?", Arab journal of gastroenterology : the official publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology, vol. 13, issue 3, pp. 130-5, 2012 Sep. Abstract

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Critically ill newborns have many risk factors to develop stress related mucosal lesions (SRML). We used upper endoscopy to evaluate the presence of SRML in these neonates, to know the specificity and sensitivity of the bloody gastric aspirate to detect SRML and to identify the risk factors associated with the presence of SRML and bloody gastric aspirate.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study done on 100 critically ill newborn after becoming clinically stable. SRML were diagnosed if there is hyperaemia, erosions or ulcers in the oesophagus, stomach, and/or the duodenum.

RESULTS: SRML were found in 77% of neonates in the NICU though frank bloody aspirate was detected in only 22% of neonates. The presence of bloody aspirate showed low sensitivity (24.68%) and high specificity (86.96%) for the presence of SRML. The presence of bloody gastric aspirate showed a double fold risk for the presence SRML (OR=2.184, CI=0.584-8.171). Factors associated with SRML included respiratory distress (p=0.000, risk=4.006), the use of nasogastric tube (p=0.017, OR=3.281) and the use of triple antibiotics (p=0.001, risk=1.432). Factors associated with the presence of bloody gastric aspirate included the use of nasogastric tube (OR=1.629, p=0.000) and the presence of haemostatic disorders (OR=3.143, p=0.039). It was also associated with lower haemoglobin levels (p=0.000).

CONCLUSION: SRML represents an under-diagnosed problem in NICUs. Absence of bloody gastric aspirate does not exclude the presence of SRML.

Tomerak, and R., "Infants’ fussiness on the breast: A window to salvage breastfeeding before breast rejection", The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association, vol. 85, issue 5-6, pp. 317, 2010.
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