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Raafat, K. A., R. S. H. M. Allam, and B. M. Medhat, "OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY FINDINGS IN PATIENTS WITH NONOCULAR BEHÇET DISEASE.", Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.), 2018 Apr 23. Abstract

PURPOSE: To describe the optical coherence tomography angiography findings in nonocular Behçet disease.

METHODS: The superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP) and outer retinal and choroidal flow were evaluated using optical coherence tomography angiography. Perimetry was performed to correlate any microvascular and functional changes.

RESULTS: Capillary nonperfusion areas were found in the superficial capillary plexus in 16/20 eyes (80%) and in the DCP in 17/20 eyes (85%). Perifoveal capillary arcade disruption and vessel rarefaction were present in both plexuses in all cases. Capillary telangiectasia was present in the superficial capillary plexus in five eyes (25%) and in the DCP in all eyes. Telangiectasia of the parafoveal capillaries was present in the DCP in all eyes. The mean area of the foveal avascular zone was not significantly different from that in 20 normal eyes (P = 0.68). However, mean and central subfield capillary density values were significantly lower (P < 0.001 and P < 0.005, respectively) in the Behçet disease group. Perimetry revealed central scotomata on the pattern deviation plot in 12 eyes (60%).

CONCLUSION: Telangiectasia of the parafoveal capillaries was detected in the DCP in all cases. Microvascular changes in the superficial capillary plexus and DCP in nonocular Behçet disease can be detected by optical coherence tomography angiography.

Raafat, N., "התעוללות המתנחלים בפלסטינים בחברון", Hermes, vol. 2, issue 1, pp. 141-233, 2013. d._njl_rft.pdf
Raafat, M., M. El-Kalioubie, and S. Mahmoud Mansour, "MRI and three dimensional ultrasonography in the assessment of pulmonary hypoplasia in fetuses with urinary tract anomalies", Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine , vol. 47, issue 47, pp. 1753–1764, 2016. mr_fetal_for_sc.pdf
and Raafat, Marwa M, M. Ali-Tammam, and A. E. Ali, "Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from Egyptian hospitals. ", African Journal of Microbiology Researc, vol. 10, issue 39, pp. 1645-1653, 2016.
Rab, M. A., M. Afzal, A. Abou-Zeid, and H. Silverman, "Ethical practices for health research in the Eastern Mediterranean region of the World Health Organization: A retrospective data analysis", PloS one, vol. 3, no. 5: Public Library of Science, pp. e2094, 2008. Abstract
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Rabab Omar, Mahmoud Abdo, H. G. E. D. S. R. A. M. A. N. Z., "Influence of Delta virus infection on the virologic status in Egyptian patients with chronic hepatitis B virus genotype D ", Medical virology , vol. 88, issue 5 , pp. 837-842, 2016.
Rabah, M. A., R. M. El-Sherif, H. E. H. Agamy, M. Shaaban, and A. R. H., "CARBON-CUPROUS OXIDE COMPOSITE NANOPARTICLES ON GLASS TUBES FOR SOLAR HEAT COLLECTION‖", International Journal of Technical Research and Applications, vol. 3, pp. 11-16, 2015.
Rabbani, M. G., T. E. Reich, R. M. Kassab, K. T. Jackson, and H. M. El-Kaderi, "High CO 2 uptake and selectivity by triptycene-derived benzimidazole-linked polymers", Chemical Communications, vol. 48, no. 8: Royal Society of Chemistry, pp. 1141–1143, 2012. Abstract
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Rabbani, M. G., T. E. Reich, R. M. Kassab, K. T. Jackson, and H. M. El-Kaderi, "High CO 2 uptake and selectivity by triptycene-derived benzimidazole-linked polymers", Chemical Communications, vol. 48, no. 8: Royal Society of Chemistry, pp. 1141–1143, 2012. Abstract
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Rabbani, M. G., T. E. Reich, R. M. Kassab, K. T. Jackson, and H. M. El-Kaderi, "High CO 2 uptake and selectivity by triptycene-derived benzimidazole-linked polymers", Chemical Communications, vol. 48, no. 8: Royal Society of Chemistry, pp. 1141–1143, 2012. Abstract
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Rabbou, M. A., and A. El-Rabbany, "PPP Accuracy Enhancement Using GPS/GLONASS Observations in Kinematic Mode", Positioning, vol. 6, no. 01: Scientific Research Publishing, pp. 1, 2015. Abstract
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Rabbou, M. A., "Multiple Ambiguity Datum Precise Point Positioning Technique Using Multi-Constellation GNSS: GPS, GLONASS, Galileo and BeiDou", Positioning, vol. 6, no. 03: Scientific Research Publishing, pp. 32, 2015. Abstract
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Rabbou, M. A., and A. El-Rabbany, Contribution of Galileo Observations to PPP Accuracy Enhancement, , Submitted. Abstract
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Rabbou, M. A., and A. El-Rabbany, "Performance Analysis of GPS/GALILEO PPP Model for Static and Kinematic Applications", GEOMATICA, vol. 69, no. 1: NRC Research Press, pp. 75–81, 2015. Abstract
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Rabbou, M. A., M. Abdelazeem, and S. Morsy, "Performance Evaluation of Triple-Frequency GPS/Galileo Techniques for Precise Static and Kinematic Applications", Sensors, vol. 21, no. 10: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, pp. 3396, 2021. Abstract
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Rabbou, M. A., and A. El-Rabbany, "Tightly coupled integration of GPS precise point positioning and MEMS-based inertial systems", GPS Solutions: Springer, pp. 1–9, 2014. Abstract
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Rabbou, M. A., and A. El-Rabbany, "Precise Point Positioning using Multi-Constellation GNSS Observations for Kinematic Applications", Journal of Applied Geodesy, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 15–26, 2015. Abstract
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Rabbou, M. A., and A. El-Rabbany, "Integration of GPS Precise Point Positioning and MEMS-Based INS Using Unscented Particle Filter", Sensors, vol. 15, no. 4: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, pp. 7228–7245, 2015. Abstract
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Rabbou, M. A., and A. El-Rabbany, An Improved GPS/GLONASS PPP Model for Kinematic Applications, , Submitted. Abstract
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Rabbou, M. A., A. E. -Shazly, and K. Ahmed, "Comparative analysis of multi-constellation GNSS single - frequency precise point positioning", Survey Review, pp. 1-10, 2017.
Rabbou, M. A., and A. El-Rabbany, "Non-Linear Filtering for Precise Point Positioning GPS/INS integration.", International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing & Spatial Information Sciences, 2014. Abstract
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