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2021
Taha, H. S. E. D., H. M. Badran, H. Kandil, N. Farag, A. Oraby, M. El Sharkawy, K. Shokry, F. Fawzy, H. Mahrous, J. Bahgat, et al., Egyptian practical guidance in lipid management 2020, , vol. 73, issue 1, pp. 17, 2021. AbstractWebsite

Numerous epidemiological investigations and randomized clinical studies have determined that dyslipidemia is a major contributor to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Consequently, the management of serum cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein levels has become a central objective in the effort to prevent cardiovascular events.

Biccard, B. M., L. du Toit, M. Lesosky, T. Stephens, L. Myer, A. B. A. Prempeh, N. Vickery, H. - L. Kluyts, A. Torborg, A. Omigbodun, et al., Enhanced postoperative surveillance versus standard of care to reduce mortality among adult surgical patients in Africa (ASOS-2): a cluster-randomised controlled trial, , vol. 9, issue 10, pp. e1391 - e1401, 2021. AbstractWebsite

SummaryBackground
Risk of mortality following surgery in patients across Africa is twice as high as the global average. Most of these deaths occur on hospital wards after the surgery itself. We aimed to assess whether enhanced postoperative surveillance of adult surgical patients at high risk of postoperative morbidity or mortality in Africa could reduce 30-day in-hospital mortality.
Methods
We did a two-arm, open-label, cluster-randomised trial of hospitals (clusters) across Africa. Hospitals were eligible if they provided surgery with an overnight postoperative admission. Hospitals were randomly assigned through minimisation in recruitment blocks (1:1) to provide patients with either a package of enhanced postoperative surveillance interventions (admitting the patient to higher care ward, increasing the frequency of postoperative nursing observations, assigning the patient to a bed in view of the nursing station, allowing family members to stay in the ward, and placing a postoperative surveillance guide at the bedside) for those at high risk (ie, with African Surgical Outcomes Study Surgical Risk Calculator scores ≥10) and usual care for those at low risk (intervention group), or for all patients to receive usual postoperative care (control group). Health-care providers and participants were not masked, but data assessors were. The primary outcome was 30-day in-hospital mortality of patients at low and high risk, measured at the participant level. All analyses were done as allocated (by cluster) in all patients with available data. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03853824.
Findings
Between May 3, 2019, and July 27, 2020, 594 eligible hospitals indicated a desire to participate across 33 African countries; 332 (56%) were able to recruit participants and were included in analyses. We allocated 160 hospitals (13 275 patients) to provide enhanced postoperative surveillance and 172 hospitals (15 617 patients) to provide standard care. The mean age of participants was 37·1 years (SD 15·5) and 20 039 (69·4%) of 28 892 patients were women. 30-day in-hospital mortality occurred in 169 (1·3%) of 12 970 patients with mortality data in the intervention group and in 193 (1·3%) of 15 242 patients with mortality data in the control group (relative risk 0·96, 95% CI 0·69–1·33; p=0·79). 45 (0·2%) of 22 031 patients at low risk and 309 (5·6%) of 5500 patients at high risk died. No harms associated with either intervention were reported.
Interpretation
This intervention package did not decrease 30-day in-hospital mortality among surgical patients in Africa at high risk of postoperative morbidity or mortality. Further research is needed to develop interventions that prevent death from surgical complications in resource-limited hospitals across Africa.
Funding
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiologists.
Translations
For the Arabic, French and Portuguese translations of the abstract see Supplementary Materials section.

Wright, N. J., A. J. M. Leather, N. Ade-Ajayi, N. Sevdalis, J. Davies, D. Poenaru, E. Ameh, A. Ademuyiwa, K. Lakhoo, E. R. Smith, et al., Mortality from gastrointestinal congenital anomalies at 264 hospitals in 74 low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries: a multicentre, international, prospective cohort study, , vol. 398, issue 10297, pp. 325 - 339, 2021. AbstractWebsite

SummaryBackground
Congenital anomalies are the fifth leading cause of mortality in children younger than 5 years globally. Many gastrointestinal congenital anomalies are fatal without timely access to neonatal surgical care, but few studies have been done on these conditions in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). We compared outcomes of the seven most common gastrointestinal congenital anomalies in low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries globally, and identified factors associated with mortality.
Methods
We did a multicentre, international prospective cohort study of patients younger than 16 years, presenting to hospital for the first time with oesophageal atresia, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, intestinal atresia, gastroschisis, exomphalos, anorectal malformation, and Hirschsprung's disease. Recruitment was of consecutive patients for a minimum of 1 month between October, 2018, and April, 2019. We collected data on patient demographics, clinical status, interventions, and outcomes using the REDCap platform. Patients were followed up for 30 days after primary intervention, or 30 days after admission if they did not receive an intervention. The primary outcome was all-cause, in-hospital mortality for all conditions combined and each condition individually, stratified by country income status. We did a complete case analysis.
Findings
We included 3849 patients with 3975 study conditions (560 with oesophageal atresia, 448 with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, 681 with intestinal atresia, 453 with gastroschisis, 325 with exomphalos, 991 with anorectal malformation, and 517 with Hirschsprung's disease) from 264 hospitals (89 in high-income countries, 166 in middle-income countries, and nine in low-income countries) in 74 countries. Of the 3849 patients, 2231 (58·0%) were male. Median gestational age at birth was 38 weeks (IQR 36–39) and median bodyweight at presentation was 2·8 kg (2·3–3·3). Mortality among all patients was 37 (39·8%) of 93 in low-income countries, 583 (20·4%) of 2860 in middle-income countries, and 50 (5·6%) of 896 in high-income countries (p<0·0001 between all country income groups). Gastroschisis had the greatest difference in mortality between country income strata (nine [90·0%] of ten in low-income countries, 97 [31·9%] of 304 in middle-income countries, and two [1·4%] of 139 in high-income countries; p≤0·0001 between all country income groups). Factors significantly associated with higher mortality for all patients combined included country income status (low-income vs high-income countries, risk ratio 2·78 [95% CI 1·88–4·11], p<0·0001; middle-income vs high-income countries, 2·11 [1·59–2·79], p<0·0001), sepsis at presentation (1·20 [1·04–1·40], p=0·016), higher American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score at primary intervention (ASA 4–5 vs ASA 1–2, 1·82 [1·40–2·35], p<0·0001; ASA 3 vs ASA 1–2, 1·58, [1·30–1·92], p<0·0001]), surgical safety checklist not used (1·39 [1·02–1·90], p=0·035), and ventilation or parenteral nutrition unavailable when needed (ventilation 1·96, [1·41–2·71], p=0·0001; parenteral nutrition 1·35, [1·05–1·74], p=0·018). Administration of parenteral nutrition (0·61, [0·47–0·79], p=0·0002) and use of a peripherally inserted central catheter (0·65 [0·50–0·86], p=0·0024) or percutaneous central line (0·69 [0·48–1·00], p=0·049) were associated with lower mortality.
Interpretation
Unacceptable differences in mortality exist for gastrointestinal congenital anomalies between low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries. Improving access to quality neonatal surgical care in LMICs will be vital to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 3.2 of ending preventable deaths in neonates and children younger than 5 years by 2030.
Funding
Wellcome Trust.

Hassan, S. A., P. Agrawal, T. Ganesh, and A. W. Mohamed, "Optimum Distribution of Protective Materials for COVID−19 with a Discrete Binary Gaining-Sharing Knowledge-Based Optimization Algorithm", Computational Intelligence Techniques for Combating COVID-19, Cham, Springer International Publishing, pp. 135 - 157, 2021. Abstract

Many application problems are formulated as nonlinear binary programming models which are hard to be solved using exact algorithms especially in large dimensions. One of these practical applications is to optimally distribute protective materials for the newly emerged COVID-19. It is defined for a decision-maker who wants to choose a subset of candidate hospitals comprising the maximization of the distributed quantities of protective materials to a set of chosen hospitals within a specific time shift. A nonlinear binary mathematical programming model for the problem is introduced with a real application case study; the case study is solved using a novel discrete binary gaining-sharing knowledge-based optimization algorithm (DBGSK). The solution algorithm proposes a novel binary adaptation of a recently developed gaining-sharing knowledge-based optimization algorithm (GSK) to solve binary optimization problems. GSK algorithm is based on the concept of how humans acquire and share knowledge through their life span. Discrete binary version of GSK named novel binary gaining-sharing knowledge-based optimization algorithm (DBGSK) depends mainly on two binary stages: binary junior gaining-sharing stage and binary senior gaining-sharing stage with knowledge factor 1. These two stages enable DBGSK for exploring and exploitation of the search space efficiently and effectively to solve problems in binary space.

Farag, M. A., A. Otify, and M. H. Baky, "Phoenix Dactylifera L. Date Fruit By-products Outgoing and Potential Novel Trends of Phytochemical, Nutritive and Medicinal Merits", Food Reviews InternationalFood Reviews International: Taylor & Francis, pp. 1 - 23, 2021. AbstractWebsite

ABSTRACTDate palm (Phoenix dactylifera L., Arecaceae) is a valuable fruit tree for many populations living in the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa, and the Middle East, and to play significant role in its economy. Asides from its well-known edible fruit, date palm tree also provides numerous by-products which have yet to be fully capitalized upon commercially. All parts of the date palm tree are of value to include: seeds (pits and oil), date pollen and the leaves. Date palm seed is a by-product of the fruit industry being discarded, and used as animal feed or for human consumption as non-caffeinated coffee. Date pollen is used traditionally for the treatment of infertility. This review aims to introduce a holistic overview on the phytochemical composition, nutritional, economical and potential health benefits of date by-products. Prioritization of date palm by-products for a desired added value or production of certain economically valued products is presented.

Ouf, S. A., A. M. F. Galal, H. S. Ibrahim, A. Z. Hassan, M. K. G. Mekhael, K. F. El-Yasergy, M. A. N. El-Ghany, M. A. Rizk, and A. G. Hanna, Phytochemical and antimicrobial investigation of the leaves of five Egyptian mango cultivars and evaluation of their essential oils as preservatives materials, , vol. 58, issue 8, pp. 3130 - 3142, 2021. AbstractWebsite

The sterols, hydrocarbons and fatty acids constituents of the leaves of five mango cultivars locally implanted in Egypt were identified. The effect of their essential oils (EOs) against food borne microorganisms was studied as preservative materials. The chemical constituents of the EOs isolated from mango leaves were identified by Gas Chromatography–Mass spectrometry (GC–MS) technique. Trans-caryophyllene, α–humulene and α–elemene were identified as terpene hydrocarbons, while 4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone as oxygenated compounds were recorded in all tested cultivars with variable amounts. Results showed that Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli were the most sensitive microorganisms tested for Alphonso EOs. On the other hand, Salmonella typhimrium was found to be less susceptible to the EOs of the studied cultivars. The EOs of different mango cultivars induced a steady decrease in the activity of amylase, protease and lipase at the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). The treatment of the tested bacteria with the EOs of mango cultivars caused a steady loss in enterotoxins even when applied at the sub-MIC. Bacteria-inoculated apple juice treated with minimum bactericidal concentration of Alphonso oil was free from the bacteria after 5 days of incubation at 25 °C. Eighteeen volatile compounds were found to reduce the activity of the amylase enzyme and the most active was cedrelanol (−7.6 kcal mol−1) followed by alpha-eudesmol (−7.3 kcal mol−1) and humulene oxide (−7 kcal mol−1). The binding mode of both of cedrelanol and alpha-eudesmol with amylase enzyme was illustrated.

Al-Surhanee, A. A., M. H. Soliman, and S. A. Ouf, "The role of soil microbes in the plant adaptation to stresses: current scenario and future perspective", Frontiers in Plant-Soil Interaction: Elsevier, pp. 237 - 258, 2021. Abstract
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Agrawal, P., T. Ganesh, D. Oliva, and A. W. Mohamed, S-shaped and V-shaped gaining-sharing knowledge-based algorithm for feature selection, , 2021. AbstractWebsite

In machine learning, searching for the optimal feature subset from the original datasets is a very challenging and prominent task. The metaheuristic algorithms are used in finding out the relevant, important features, that enhance the classification accuracy and save the resource time. Most of the algorithms have shown excellent performance in solving feature selection problems. A recently developed metaheuristic algorithm, gaining-sharing knowledge-based optimization algorithm (GSK), is considered for finding out the optimal feature subset. GSK algorithm was proposed over continuous search space; therefore, a total of eight S-shaped and V-shaped transfer functions are employed to solve the problems into binary search space. Additionally, a population reduction scheme is also employed with the transfer functions to enhance the performance of proposed approaches. It explores the search space efficiently and deletes the worst solutions from the search space, due to the updation of population size in every iteration. The proposed approaches are tested over twenty-one benchmark datasets from UCI repository. The obtained results are compared with state-of-the-art metaheuristic algorithms including binary differential evolution algorithm, binary particle swarm optimization, binary bat algorithm, binary grey wolf optimizer, binary ant lion optimizer, binary dragonfly algorithm, binary salp swarm algorithm. Among eight transfer functions, V4 transfer function with population reduction on binary GSK algorithm outperforms other optimizers in terms of accuracy, fitness values and the minimal number of features. To investigate the results statistically, two non-parametric statistical tests are conducted that concludes the superiority of the proposed approach.

Gyebi, G. A., A. A. Elfiky, O. M. Ogunyemi, I. M. Ibrahim, A. P. Adegunloye, J. O. Adebayo, C. O. Olaiya, J. O. Ocheje, and M. M. Fabusiwa, "Structure-based virtual screening suggests inhibitors of 3-Chymotrypsin-Like Protease of SARS-CoV-2 from Vernonia amygdalina and Occinum gratissimum", Computers in Biology and Medicine, vol. 136, 2021. Abstract
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Alhilal, M., Y. A. M. Sulaiman, S. Alhilal, S. M. Gomha, and S. A. Ouf, "Synthesis of Novel Acyclic Nucleoside Analogue Starting From 6-Aminouracil as Potent Antimicrobial Agent", Polycyclic Aromatic CompoundsPolycyclic Aromatic Compounds: Taylor & Francis, pp. 1 - 12, 2021. AbstractWebsite
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Ali, M. M., K. Jeddi, M. S. Attia, S. M. Elsayed, M. Yusuf, M. S. Osman, M. H. Soliman, and K. Hessini, "Wuxal amino (Bio stimulant) improved growth and physiological performance of tomato plants under salinity stress through adaptive mechanisms and antioxidant potential", Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 28, issue 6, pp. 3204 - 3213, 2021. Abstract
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Alfaar, A. S., A. M. Saad, M. T. KhalafAllah, O. E. Elsherif, M. H. Osman, and O. Strauß, "Second primary malignancies of eye and ocular adnexa after a first primary elsewhere in the body.", Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie, vol. 259, issue 2, pp. 515 - 526, 2021/02//. AbstractWebsite

PURPOSE The eye and its adnexal structures can give rise to first or consecutive primary malignancies or to encounter metastasis. Our aim was to define the characteristics of the second primary neoplasms affecting the eye and its adnexa and find the risk modifying factors for them after malignancies elsewhere in the body. METHODS We have queried the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End-Results "SEER"-9 program of the National Cancer Institute for the malignancies of the eye and its adnexa that occurred between 1973 and 2015. The malignancies were ordered chronologically according to their incidence: first or second primary malignancies. The tumors were classified according to ICD-O-3 classification. Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) and survival probabilities were calculated for subgroups. RESULTS Among 3,578,950 cancer patients, 1203 experienced a second malignancies of the eye and its adnexa. The first malignancy was diagnosed between 50 and 69 years of age in 58.94% of them. The eyelid showed 280 events, while 50 in lacrimal gland, 181 in the orbit, 21 in the overlapping lesions, 15 in optic nerve, 148 in the conjunctiva, 9 in the cornea, 6 in the Retina, 379 in the choroid, and 93 in the ciliary body. The SIR of a second malignancy after a prior non-Hodgkin lymphoma was 2.42, and in case of previous skin carcinomas it was 3.02, melanoma of skin, and 2.13 and 1.58 in oral cavity/pharynx malignancies. The second ocular and adnexal neoplasms increased steadily over the 5-year periods on contrary to first primary neoplasms. The survival of patients affected with first ocular and adnexal neoplasms was significantly higher than those with second ocular and adnexal neoplasms. On the other side, second primary ocular and adnexal tumors showed a better survival than second primary malignancies elsewhere. CONCLUSIONS The epidemiological differences between first and second ocular and adnexal primaries suggest different underlying mechanisms. Careful ocular examination should be integrated in the long-term follow-up plan of cancer patients. Special attention should be given to patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and melanoma as first primary.

Ouf, S. A., and E. Ali, Does the treatment of dried herbs with ozone as a fungal decontaminating agent affect the active constituents?, , vol. 277, pp. 116715, 2021/02/01. Abstract

Herbs and spices are food crops susceptible to contamination by toxigenic fungi. Ozone, as a decontamination approach in the industry, has attractive benefits over traditional food preservation practices. A contribution to the studying of ozone as an antifungal and antmycotoxigenic agent in herbs and spices storage processes is achieved in this research. Nine powdered sun-dried herbs and spices were analyzed for their fungal contamination. The results indicate that licorice root and peppermint leaves were found to have the highest population of fungi while black cumin and fennel record the lowest population. The most dominant fungal genera are Aspergillus, Penicillium, Fusarium, and Rhizopus. Ozone treatment was performed at a concentration of 3 ppm applied for exposure times of 0, 30, 90, 150, 210, and 280 minutes. After 280 minutes of exposure to ozone, the reduction of fungal count ranged from 96.39 to 98.26%. The maximum reduction in spore production was achieved in the case of A. humicola and Trichderma viride exposed for 210 minutes ozone gas. There was a remarkable reduction in the production of the total mycotoxin, reaching 24.15% in aflatoxins for the 150 minutes-treated inoculum in the case of A. flavus. The total volume of essential oil of chamomile and peppermint was reduced by 57.14 and 26.67%, respectively, when exposed to 3ppm.For 280 minutes
In conclusion, fumigation with ozone gas can be used as a suitable method for achieving sanitation and decreasing microbial load in herbs and spices. Still, it is crucial to provide precautions on ozone's effect on major active constituents before recommending this method for industrial application.

Alhilal, M., Y. Y. or Sulaiman, S. Alhilal, S. Gomha, and S. A. Ouf, Antifungal Activity of New Diterpenoid Alkaloids Isolated by Different Chromatographic Methods from Delphinium peregrinum L. var. eriocarpum Boiss, , vol. 26, pp. 1 - 10, 2021/03/04. Abstract
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Osama, M., "Nonviolent Collective Action in Conflict-Affected Societies: The Case of Arts-Based Nonviolent Action", Varieties of Peace Research Network (VOP) Virtual Research Workshop/Conference, Panel 3: How and Where Can Varieties of Peace Be Researched?, Virtual Research Workshop/Conference, February, 2021.
2022
Lazarus, J. V., H. E. Mark, Q. M. Anstee, J. P. Arab, R. L. Batterham, L. Castera, H. Cortez-Pinto, J. Crespo, K. Cusi, A. M. Dirac, et al., "Advancing the global public health agenda for NAFLD: a consensus statement.", Nature reviews. Gastroenterology & hepatology, vol. 19, issue 1, pp. 60-78, 2022. Abstract

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a potentially serious liver disease that affects approximately one-quarter of the global adult population, causing a substantial burden of ill health with wide-ranging social and economic implications. It is a multisystem disease and is considered the hepatic component of metabolic syndrome. Unlike other highly prevalent conditions, NAFLD has received little attention from the global public health community. Health system and public health responses to NAFLD have been weak and fragmented, and, despite its pervasiveness, NAFLD is largely unknown outside hepatology and gastroenterology. There is only a nascent global public health movement addressing NAFLD, and the disease is absent from nearly all national and international strategies and policies for non-communicable diseases, including obesity. In this global Delphi study, a multidisciplinary group of experts developed consensus statements and recommendations, which a larger group of collaborators reviewed over three rounds until consensus was achieved. The resulting consensus statements and recommendations address a broad range of topics - from epidemiology, awareness, care and treatment to public health policies and leadership - that have general relevance for policy-makers, health-care practitioners, civil society groups, research institutions and affected populations. These recommendations should provide a strong foundation for a comprehensive public health response to NAFLD.

Salman, A. A. A., M. A. Salman, M. Said, H. Elkassar, M. El Sherbiny, A. Youssef, M. Elbaz, A. M. Elmeligui, M. B. Hassan, M. G. Omar, et al., "Albuminuria as a predictor of mortality in type II diabetic patients after living-donor liver transplantation.", Annals of medicine, vol. 54, issue 1, pp. 2598-2605, 2022. Abstract

PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the risk of morbidity and mortality after liver resection. Albuminuria is associated with a higher risk for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. This study evaluated albuminuria as a predictor of the outcome of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in patients with pre-existing DM.

METHODS: This retrospective study involved 103 type II diabetic patients with end-stage liver disease who received LDLT. Preoperative spot urine albumin: creatinine ratio was used to determine the degree of albuminuria. The primary outcome measure was the impact of urinary albumin excretion on the 3-year mortality rate after LDLT in this diabetic cohort.

RESULTS: Hepatitis C virus infection was the main cause of cirrhosis. Albuminuria was detected in 41 patients (39.8%); 15 had macroalbuminuria, while 26 had microalbuminuria. Patients with microalbuminuria were significantly older than those with macroalbuminuria and normal albumin in urine. After 3 years, twenty-four patients (23.3%) died within 3 years after LT. Myocardial infarction was the leading cause of death (25%). Albuminuria was an independent factor affecting 3-year mortality with an odds ratio of 5.17 (95% CI: 1.86-14.35).

CONCLUSION: Preoperative albuminuria is an independent factor affecting mortality within 3 years after LDLT in type II diabetic patients. Myocardial infarction was the leading cause of death in 25% of cases, followed by hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence, sepsis, and graft failure.KEY MESSAGESDiabetes mellitus (DM) increases the risk of morbidity and mortality after liver resection.Albuminuria is associated with a higher risk for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality.Preoperative albuminuria is a significant predictor of mortality within 3 years after LDLT in diabetic patients.

Elmaidomy, A. H., U. R. Abdelmohsen, F. Alsenani, H. F. Aly, S. G. E. Shams, E. A. Younis, K. A. Ahmed, A. M. Sayed, A. I. Owis, N. Afifia, et al., "The anti-Alzheimer potential of Tamarindus indica: an in vivo investigation supported by in vitro and in silico approaches", RSC Advances, vol. 12, pp. 11769–11785, 2022.
Soliman, L. A., R. A. Zayed, D. Omran, F. Said, S. K. Darweesh, D. M. Ghaith, R. E. Etreby, M. S. Barakat, M. M. Bendary, D. Z. Zaky, et al., "Apelin Association with Hepatic Fibrosis and Esophageal Varices in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C Virus", American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 107, issue 1, pp. 190-197, 2022.
Osman E, Dabbous A, S. N, Abousetta A, and H. N., "Assessment of vestibulo-spinal reflex function in Multiple sclerosis patients using Computerized Dynamic Posturography", Egyptian Journal of Ear, Nose, Throat and Allied Sciences, vol. in press, issue in press, pp. in press, 2022.
M. Hegazy, O.A.Ashoush, M.T.Hegazy, M.Wahba, and RMLithy, "Beyond probiotic legend:ESSAP gut microbiota health score to delineate SARS-COV-2 infection severity", British journal of Nutrition, vol. 127, issue 8, pp. 1180-1189, 2022.
Moustafa, M. A. M., W. H. Elmenofy, E. A. Osman, N. A. El-Said, and M. Awad, "Biological impact, oxidative stress and adipokinetic hormone activities of Agrotis ipsilon in response to bioinsecticides", Plant Protection Science, vol. 58, issue 4, pp. 326-337, 2022.
Elmetwaly, T. E., S. S. Darwish, N. F. Attia, R. R. A. Hassan, A. E. A. Ebissy, A. S. Eltaweil, A. M. Omer, H. R. El-Seedi, and S. E. A. Elashery, "Cellulose nanocrystals and its hybrid composite with inorganic nanotubes as green tool for historical paper conservation", Progress in Organic Coatings, vol. 168, pp. 1-8, 2022.
Abdel-Hamid, M., P. Yang, I. Mostafa, A. Osman, E. Romeih, Y. Yang, Z. Huang, A. A. Awad, and L. Li, "Changes in Whey Proteome between Mediterranean and Murrah Buffalo Colostrum and Mature Milk Reflect Their Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Value", Molecules, vol. 27, no. 5, 2022. AbstractWebsite
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Nassar, A. A., H. Othman, and A. M. Eltelety, "Characteristics and patterns of adult and pediatric deep neck space infection in a tertiary care institute", Egyptian Journal of Otolaryngology, vol. 38, 2022.