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Nyholm, D., P. Odin, A. Johansson, K. Chatamra, C. Locke, S. Dutta, and A. A. Othman, "Pharmacokinetics of Levodopa, Carbidopa, and 3-O-Methyldopa Following 16-hour Jejunal Infusion of Levodopa-Carbidopa Intestinal Gel in Advanced Parkinson’s Disease Patients", The AAPS Journal, vol. 15, no. 2: Springer US, pp. 316-323, 2013. AbstractWebsite
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Nyame, Y. A., N. Almassi, S. C. Haywood, D. J. Greene, V. Ganesan, C. Dai, J. Zabell, C. Reichard, H. Arora, A. Zampini, et al., "Intermediate-Term Outcomes for Men with Very Low/Low and Intermediate/High Risk Prostate Cancer Managed by Active Surveillance.", The Journal of urology, vol. 198, issue 3, pp. 591-599, 2017 Sep. Abstract

PURPOSE: We compare intermediate term clinical outcomes among men with favorable risk and intermediate/high risk prostate cancer managed by active surveillance.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 635 men with localized prostate cancer have been on active surveillance since 2002 at a high volume academic hospital in the United States. Median followup is 50.5 months (IQR 31.1-80.3). Time to event analysis was performed for our clinical end points.

RESULTS: Of the cohort 117 men (18.4%) had intermediate/high risk disease. Overall 5 and 10-year all cause survival was 98% and 94%, respectively. Cumulative metastasis-free survival at 5 and 10 years was 99% and 98%, respectively. To date no cancer specific deaths had been observed. Overall freedom from intervention was 61% and 49% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. Overall cumulative freedom from failure of active surveillance, defined as metastasis or biochemical failure after local therapy with curative intent, was 97% and 91% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. Of the men 21 (9.9%) experienced biochemical failure after deferred treatment and the 5-year progression-free probability was 92%. Compared to men with favorable risk disease those with intermediate/high risk cancer experienced no difference in metastases, surveillance failure or curative intervention. However, patients at higher risk were at significantly increased risk for all cause mortality, likely reflecting patient selection factors. These conclusions may be limited by the small number of events and the duration of our study.

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with localized prostate cancer who are on active surveillance demonstrated a low rate of active surveillance failure, prostate cancer specific mortality and metastases regardless of baseline risk.

Nyame, Y. A., A. Elshafei, D. J. Greene, H. C. Arora, R. W. Given, K. J. Tay, T. J. Polascik, A. E. Ross, V. B. Mouraviev, F. Lugnani, et al., "Prostate Specific Antigen Nadir of 0.1 or Less Is a Predictor of Treatment Success in Men Undergoing Salvage Whole Prostate Gland Cryoablation.", Journal of endourology, vol. 31, issue 5, pp. 497-501, 2017 May. Abstract

PURPOSE: To assess factors that affect prostate biopsy results following salvage whole gland cryoablation.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred seventy-four patients underwent prostate biopsy following salvage whole gland cryoablation of the prostate in the Cryo-OnLine Database registry. Wilcoxon rank-sum and χ(2) tests and logistic regression analysis were used to assess predictors of positive biopsy. Prostate specific antigen (PSA) nadir was divided into a statistical tertile for comparisons between different nadir PSA cut points.

RESULTS: Fifty-two of 174 (29.9%) of this highly select group of men who underwent biopsy had a posttreatment biopsy demonstrating malignant cancer. Men who had positive biopsy following salvage therapy had significantly higher median nadir PSA, shorter median time to prostate biopsy, and shorter median time to biochemical failure. Compared to the lowest tertile (PSA nadir defined as ≤0.1 ng/mL), PSA in the second tertile (0.11-0.8 ng/mL) and third tertile (>0.8 ng/mL) demonstrated increased odds ratio (OR) for positive biopsy, 4.34 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.66, 11.4, p = 0.003) and 2.81 (95% CI 1.14, 7.00, p = 0.02), respectively, in adjusted models. In addition, men with a presalvage PSA >20 (OR 7.65; 95% CI 2.03, 28.9; p = 0.003) and Gleason score ≥8 (OR 2.26; 95% CI 0.93, 5.47; p = 0.07) had a higher OR of positive biopsy.

CONCLUSIONS: Nadir PSA of 0.1 ng/mL or less following salvage cryotherapy is predictive of treatment success. Routine biopsy should be reserved for men with nadir PSA >0.1 ng/mL and patients with high risk features of prostate cancer before salvage cryoablation.

Nuttgens, P., The {Story} of {Architecture}, , London, Phaidon Press, 1983. Abstract
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Nusinovich, G. S., Y. P. Bliokh, and T. M. Abu-Elfadl, "Cherenkov radiation in vacuum and plasma-filled microwave sources in the absence of guiding magnetic fields", Infrared and Millimeter Waves, 2000. Conference Digest. 2000 25th International Conference on: IEEE, pp. 125–126, 2000. Abstract
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Nusinovich, G. S., Y. P. Bliokh, T. M. Abu-Elfadl, A. G. Shkvarunets, D. M. Goebel, Y. Carmel, T. M. Antonsen Jr, and V. L. Granatstein, "Recent Progress in Understanding the Physics of Plasma-Filled, High-Power Microwave Sources", AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 625, pp. 45, 2002. Abstract
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Numan, M., A. E. L. Sisi, M. Tofeig, S. Gendi, T. Tohami, and H. G. El-Said, "Cribriform amplatzer device closure of fenestrated atrial septal defects: feasibility and technical aspects", Pediatric cardiology, vol. 29, no. 3: Springer, pp. 530–535, 2008. Abstract
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Numan, M., A. E. L. Sisi, M. Tofeig, S. Gendi, T. Tohami, and H. G. El-Said, "Cribriform Amplatzer device closure of fenestrated atrial septal defects: Feasibility and technical aspects", QNRS Repository, vol. 2011, no. 1: Bloomsbury Qatar Foundation Journals, pp. 2408, 2011. Abstract
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Numan, M., A. E. L. Sisi, M. Tofeig, S. Gendi, T. Tohami, and H. G. El-Said, "Cribriform Amplatzer device closure of fenestrated atrial septal defects: Feasibility and technical aspects", QNRS Repository, vol. 2011, no. 1: Bloomsbury Qatar Foundation Journals, 2011. Abstract
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Numan, M., A. E. L. Sisi, M. Tofeig, S. Gendi, T. Tohami, and H. G. El-Said, "Cribriform amplatzer device closure of fenestrated atrial septal defects: feasibility and technical aspects", Pediatric cardiology, vol. 29, no. 3: Springer-Verlag, pp. 530–535, 2008. Abstract
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Numan, M., A. E. L. Sisi, M. Tofeig, S. Gendi, T. Tohami, and H. G. El-Said, "Cribriform Amplatzer device closure of fenestrated atrial septal defects: Feasibility and technical aspects", QNRS Repository, vol. 2011, no. 1: Bloomsbury Qatar Foundation Journals, pp. 2408, 2011. Abstract
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Numan, M., A. E. L. Sisi, M. Tofeig, S. Gendi, T. Tohami, and H. G. El-Said, "Cribriform amplatzer device closure of fenestrated atrial septal defects: feasibility and technical aspects", Pediatric cardiology, vol. 29, no. 3: Springer-Verlag, pp. 530–535, 2008. Abstract
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null, "A Compact Highly Reconfigurable CMOS MMIC Directional Coupler", Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 305-319, Feb, 2008. Abstract
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Nuckchady, T. H., K. Sorour, S. Gharrib, and H. Farouk, "The outcome of body mass index in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary angiography", Journal of the Saudi Heart Association, vol. 25, no. 2: Elsevier, pp. 166–167, 2013. Abstract
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NT Nguyen, R. E. A. Moghaieb, H. Saneoka, and K. Fujita, "RAPD markers associated with salt tolerance in two Acacia species (Acaica auriculiformis and Acacia mangium).", Plant science, vol. 167, pp. 797-805, 2004.
NS, E., S. MW, and M. HS, "Cationic liposome-encapsulated carotenoids as a potential treatment for fibromyalgia in an animal model", Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis., vol. 1867, issue 1, pp. 166150, 2021.
NS, A. - T., and E. B. DM, "Pharyngeal airway space volumetric and dimensional assessment in different skeletal classes of malocclusion: a CBCT study", Egypt Dent J, vol. 63, issue 1, pp. 3361-3370, 2015.
NS, F., G. D, Mohamed SH, W. RM, S. MS, E. - K. AA, and H. PG, "Molecular Characterization of Carbapenem/Colistin-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Clinical Isolates from Egypt by Whole-Genome Sequencing", Infection and Drug Resistance, vol. 2020, issue 13, pp. 4487—4493, 2020.
NS, A., A. NW, Z. MM, S. SMZ, and A. MM, "Simultaneous Determination of Thalidomide and Dexamethasone in Rat Plasma by Validated HPLC and HPTLC With Pharmacokinetic Study", Journal of Chromatographic Science,, vol. 57, pp. 130-138, 2018.
NS, E. - G., M. HM, R. I, and A. - Z. M., "Saliva and sera IgA and IgG in Egyptian Giardia-infected children", Parasitol Res, 2012.
NS, A., A. NW, Z. MM, S. SMZ, and M. Abdelkawy, "Simultaneous Determination of Thalidomide and Dexamethasone in Rat Plasma by Validated HPLC and HPTLC With Pharmacokinetic Study", Journal of Chromatographic Science,, vol. 57, pp. 130-138, 2019.
NS, A., H. AHH, H. AM, and E. - B. HN, "Serum Interleukin-6 is related to lower cognitive functioning in elderly patients with major depression", Aging &Ment Health, vol. 22, issue 5, pp. 655-661, 2018.
NS, A., K. HZ, and Y. W, "A comparison of American and Egyptian cancer patients' attitudes and unmet needs.", Cancer Nursing, 1993. Abstract

The purpose of this descriptive study was to compare and contrast similarities and differences in statements made by American and Egyptian cancer patients who expressed their attitudes toward cancer and reported their unmet needs. A total of 61 American and 66 Egyptian patients, who were receiving chemotherapy or radiotherapy, or a combination of the two treatments at the time of data collection, participated in the study. The American sample was drawn from patients at a large midwestern hospital, whereas the Egyptian sample was drawn from patients at the largest university hospital in Cairo, Egypt. Data were collected through a structured interview method in both patient populations. Analyses of responses showed five categories of attitudes for the American patients: (a) fighting spirit and adaptation, (b) fear/anxiety/disbelief, (c) hope, (d) passivity in plan of care, and (e) faith. For Egyptian patients, seven categories emerged: (a) stoicism and fatalism, (b) dependency, (c) compliance with the medical regimen, (d) anxiety/fear/insecurity, (e) powerlessness, (f) hope and optimism, and (g) family support. American cancer patients reported their unmet needs as (a) information, (b) needs related to treatment side effects, and (c) psychological support. Egyptian cancer patients reported their unmet needs as (a) relief from dependency, (b) relief from physical symptoms, and (c) information. These findings have implications for international oncology nursing, and imply the need for further research to determine if attitudes and unmet needs affect coping effectiveness and quality of life among cancer patients.