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Mahana NA, El-Deeb SO, and undefined, " Cytokine levels in serum and middle ear secretions of Egyptian children with otitis media", J Egypt Ger Soc Zool., vol. 63, issue D, pp. 239-254, 2011.
Mahana NA, El-Deeb SO, and undefined, " Cytokine levels in serum and middle ear secretions of Egyptian children with otitis media", J Egypt Ger Soc Zool., vol. 63, issue D, pp. 239-254, 2011.
H.H.Esenoglu, A. S. Kordi, A.M.EI-Sherbini, H. B. V.Bakis*, H.A.Trabulsyl, M.Y.Amyin, K.N.AI-Mosbeh, and A.A.AI-HilaI, "" Data Reduction andApplication in Astrophysics"", Third Saudi Science Confrance , 2007.
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Muhammed, H. Z., E. A. eLsherpieny, and E. M. Almetwally, " Dependency Measures For New Bivariate Models Based on Copula Function", Information Sciences Letters, An International Journal, vol. 10, issue 3, pp. 511 - 526, 2021.
Canales Vergara, A. M., V. Landi, J. V. Delgado Bermejo, A. M. Martínez, P. Cervantes Acosta, A. P. Barros, D. Bigi, P. Sponenberg, M. Helal, M. Hossein Banabazi, et al., " Design and development of a multiplex microsatellite panel for the genetic characterisation and diversity assessment of domestic turkey (Meleagris gallopavo gallopavo)", Italian Journal of Animal Science , vol. 19, issue 1, pp. 392-398, 2020.
Masoud, A., W. A. Rahoma, E. H. Khattab, and A. F. A. El-Salam, "" Design of Artificial Sun-Synchronous Orbits with Main Zonal Harmonics and Solar Radiation Pressure Using Continuous Low-Thrust Control Strategies", Open Astronomy, vol. 28, issue 1, pp. 124-144, 2019.
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M.M, A. - W.,, Jouini R, and et al, " developing Eastern desert of Egypt ", Rainfall study, Final Report, UNDP,, 2003.
OS, H., K. MM, K. IM, and M. HS, " Development of a new Python- based cardiac phantom for myocardial SPECT imaging. ", Ann Nucl Med., vol. 35, issue 1, pp. 47-58, 2021.
Mohie, M. A., and A. M. A. Moussa, " Diagnosis of Pigment Materials Affected by Air Pollution and Clay Minerals in Sabil Al kazlar – Cairo – Egypt", Annales islamologiques . INSTITUT FRANÇAIS D’ARCHÉOLOGIE ORIENTALE, issue AnIsl 45, pp. 321-338, 2011. diagnosis_of_pigment_materials_affected_by_air_pollution_anisl45.pdf
Mohie, M. A., and A. M. A. Moussa, " Diagnosis of Pigment Materials Affected by Air Pollution and Clay Minerals in Sabil Al kazlar – Cairo – Egypt", Annales islamologiques . INSTITUT FRANÇAIS D’ARCHÉOLOGIE ORIENTALE, issue AnIsl 45, pp. 321-338, 2011. diagnosis_of_pigment_materials_affected_by_air_pollution_anisl45.pdf
Mostafa, M., " Diccriminant Analysis of Dairy By Using Milk Production and its Productive and Reproductive Indices " ", MANSOURA VETERINARY MEDICAL JOURNAL, vol. VOL. XIV, issue NO.1, 2012.
Gomha, S. M., T. M. A. Eldebss, M. M. Abdulla, and A. S. Mayhoub, " Diphenylpyrroles: Novel p53 Activators", European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , vol. 82, pp. 472-479, 2014.
Gouda, E. M., G. S. Essawy, E. M. Mahdy, and H. H. Abdel-Mageed, " DNA fragmentation and DNA-protein cross-links as oxidative damage induced by heavy metals in rats. ", Journal of Egyptian Academic Society for Environmental Development (C-Molecular Biology), , vol. 5, issue 1, pp. 59-75. , 2004.
Mamdouh, A., M. Saleh, A. E. Nabih, and N. Agami, " Dynamic Cross Impact Analysis with Markov Chain", The 5th International Conference of Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 4 Mars, 2015.
M, I. M., and A. - L. F. Mohamed., " Dynamic Knee Stability: Single leg hop tests and Hamstring/Quadriceps Ratio during Menstrual Cycle in Female Athletes.", Bulletin of Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, , vol. 18 , issue 1, pp. 1-8., 2013.
Khater, M. M., Y. M. Issa, H. B. Hassib, and S. H. Mohammed, " Dynamic potential and surface morphology study of sertraline membrane sensors", JAR, vol. 6, pp. 459-469, 2015.
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Mady, M. M., and undefined, " Effect of chitosan coating on the characteristics of DPPC liposomes. Journal of Advanced Research", Journal of Advanced Research, vol. 1, issue 3, pp. 187-191, 2010.
Hussein, Z., E. Dow, and M. Marzouk, " Effect of Cichorium endivia leaves on some biochemical parameters in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.", Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, vol. 5, issue 7, pp. 387-396, 2011.
Mahmoud, A. M., A. E. R. H. Abeer, and A. - A. A. Nashwa, " Effect Of Confinement Stress On Behaviour, Performance, Clinicopathological And Histopathological Alterations Of Nile Tilapia Challenged With Aeromonas hydrophila With Regard To The Blue Light As Stress Inhibitor ", Veterinary Medical Journal, vol. , 55, no.3 , pp. 687-717, 2007. Abstract

The present study was carried out to assess the effects of blue light as antistressor and its effect on susceptibility of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) to Aeromonas hydrophila (A. hydrophila) infection. A total number of (120) O. niloticus was divided into 3 experimental groups (40 fish / group). Group 1 (G1), was exposed to normal day light and considered as control group. Group 2 (G2), was exposed to blue light. Group 3 (G3), was exposed to white light (fluorescent illumination). After 15 days of light exposure, fish in groups 2 and 3 were confined into small area and then challenged with A. hydrophila infection. The obtained data revealed that during exposure to blue light, the fish of (G2) recorded significant lower proportion in behavioural parameters including factors of fright behaviour "creeping, oblique plan position and air-gulping" than those of﴾G3﴿. On the other hand, (G2) showed lower behaviour alterations for fright behaviour during confinement and infection than those of﴾G3﴿. Contrarily, it also had significantly higher proportions of aggressive behaviour during exposure to light, confinement and infection than﴾ G3﴿. SO blue light improved behaviour and fish become more comfortable in (G2) than (G3). Moreover, fish of (G2) showed higher significant growth performance during exposure to blue light and little reduction in growth performance during exposure to both confinement and infection than those of (G3). The clinicopathological studies revealed significant increase in the stress response indicators after exposure to confinement stress in (G.3). Marked elevation in the serum cortisol, glucose levels and significant leukocytosis associated with heterophilia and lymphopenia was observed in group 3 (G3). On the other hand, non significant changes were observed in the measured stress parameters in group (G 2) which exposed to the blue light. Exposure of stressed fish to A. hydrophila infection induced significant leukocytosis with heterophilia, monocytosis and lymphopenia in both (G2&G3). Analysis of serum biochemical constituents showed significant elevation in ALT, AST, BUN, creatinine and glucose while significant reduction in the total proteins, albumen and globulin was achieved. These changes were more pronounced and early detected in A. hydrophila infected stressed fish exposed to white light compared to those exposed to blue light From pathological point of view, fish group which exposed to blue light and infection revealed early positive immune response "activation of melanomacrophage center of spleen" but with time dependent adverse pathological lesion. The lesions were noticed in spleen and gills after 2 weeks. Regeneration of the most observed lesions were detected after 4 weeks. On the other hand, the fish group exposed to white light and infection showed more advanced lesions including diffuse necrosis in hepatic tissue with additional changes in the kidneys. So, the blue light has a protective effect aganist stress in Nile tilapia.

Atwa, M. T., N. I. S. Salem, and H. R. H. Mohamed, " EFFECT OF CRYPTOSPORIDIUM PARVUM INFECTION ON DNA DAMAGE AND CYTOKINES GENE EXPRESSION IN BLOOD OF IMMUNOCOMPROMISED MICE", Egyptian Zoology of Zoology, vol. 73, issue 73, pp. 16-25, 2020.
Soliman, A. M., A. S. Mohamed, and M. - A. S. Marie, " Effect of Echinochrome on Body Weight, Musculoskeletal System and Lipid Profile of Male Diabetic Rats", Austin Journal of Endocrinology and Diabetes, vol. 3, issue 2, pp. 1045, 2016.
Eissa, A. E., N. A.Ezzeldeen, N. E. Mahmoud, and M. D. Ibrahem, " Effect of Flavobacterium columnarae and Myxosoma tilapiae concurrent infection on the earthen pond raised Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus).", 10th Scientific Conference (2nd International) Cairo Univ. Fac. Vet. Med.; Hurghada , Hurghada, 19-22 October 20, 2009.
Botla, A. M., J. H. Mostafa, A. M. Abdelmonem, M. D. Sayed, and M. M., " Effect of laser acupuncture on monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis in adolescent females: A randomized controlled trial ", Physiother Res Int. , vol. 2048, issue 2023, pp. 1-9, 2023.
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