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Loutfy1, S. A., H. MM, M. WA, A. F. NM, M. MM, and S. Z. H, "SEN Virus Infection in Egyptian Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis: Prevalence and Clinical Importance", Journal of Microbiology Immunology and infectrion, vol. 42, pp. 464-470, 2009.
Lovice, D. B., M. D. Mingrone, and D. M. Toriumi, "Grafts and implants in rhinoplasty and nasal reconstruction", Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America, vol. 32, issue 1: Elsevier, pp. 113-141, 1999. Abstract
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Low, K. R., Z. P. Berger, S. Kostka, B. Elhadidi, S. Gogineni, and M. N. Glauser, "A low-dimensional approach to closed-loop control of a Mach 0.6 jet", Experiments in Fluids, vol. 54, no. 4: Springer-Verlag, pp. 1–17, 2013. Abstract
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Lowenthal, D. H., A. W. Gertler, M. Labib, and M. H. Khalil, "Comparison between the Cairo Lead Inventory and Source Attribution Results", AWMA paper, vol. 42962, 2002. Abstract
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Lownes, N. E., Q. Wang, S. Ibrahim, R. A. Ammar, S. Rajasekaran, and D. Sharma, "Many-to-Many Game-Theoretic Approach for the Measurement of Transportation Network Vulnerability", Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, vol. 2263, no. 1: Trans Res Board, pp. 1–8, 2011. Abstract
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Lownik, J. C., A. J. Luker, S. R. Damle, L. F. Cooley, R. E. Sayed, A. Hutloff, C. Pitzalis, R. K. Martin, M. E. E. M. Shikh, and D. H. Conrad, "ADAM10-Mediated ICOS Ligand Shedding on B Cells Is Necessary for Proper T Cell ICOS Regulation and T Follicular Helper Responses", Journal of Immunology, vol. 199, issue 7, pp. 2305-2315 , 2017.
Lowry, O. H., N. J. Rosebrough, L. A. Farr, and R. J. Randall, "Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagent", Journal of biological chemistry, vol. 193, issue 1: Elsevier, pp. 265-275, 1951. Abstract
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Lozano, R., N. Fullman, D. Abate, S. M. Abay, C. Abbafati, N. Abbasi, H. Abbastabar, F. Abd-Allah, J. Abdela, and A. Abdelalim, "Measuring progress from 1990 to 2017 and projecting attainment to 2030 of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals for 195 countries and territories: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017", The Lancet, vol. 392, issue 10159: Elsevier, pp. 2091-2138, 2018. Abstract
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Lu, D., M. S. Osman, M. M. A. Khater, R. A. M. Attia, and D. Baleanu, "Analytical and numerical simulations for the kinetics of phase separation in iron (Fe-Cr-X (X=Mo, Cu)) based on ternary alloys", Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, vol. 537, pp. 122634, 2020.
z Lu, T. Shaikh, D. Bernard, X. Meng, H. Mohamed, A. Yassin, C. Manella, R. Agrawal, T. Lu, and T. Wagenknecht, "Monolithic Microfluidic Mixing-Spraying Devices for Time-Resolved Cryo-EM.", Journal of Structural Biology, vol. 168, issue 3, pp. 388-395, 2009.
Lu, M. - T., and C. Farrell, "Information systems development in developing countries: {An} evaluation and recommendations", International Journal of Information Management, vol. 10, pp. 288–296, 1990. Abstract

This paper explores the implications of environmental conditions related to computer-based information systems (CBIS) development and implementation in developing countries. Their different economic, social, infrastructural, educational, cultural, political and legal conditions have important implications for organizational information requirements and cost/benefit considerations. This suggests that strategies based on a systems approach for information systems development in those countries should be adapted to minimize costly mistakes and to increase effectiveness. By examining environmental conditions in developing countries and their effects on the system development process, this paper proposes general directions for CBIS development to organizations in these countries.

Lu, Y. - H., G. K. Thiruvathukal, A. S. Kaseb, K. Gauen, D. Rijhwani, R. Dailey, D. Malik, Y. Huang, S. Aghajanzadeh, and M. Guo, "See the World Through Network Cameras", Computer, 2019.
Lu, X. R., A. Q. Duan, W. Q. Li, H. Abdel-Shafy, H. E. Rushdi, S. S. Liang, X. Y. Ma, X. W. Liang, and T. X. Deng, "Genome-Wide Analysis Reveals Genetic Diversity, Linkage Disequilibrium, and Selection for Milk Production Traits in Chinese Buffalo Breeds", Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 103, issue 5, pp. 4545-4556, 2020.
Lu, D., K. U. Tariq, M. S. Osman, D. Baleanu, M. Younis, and M. M. A. Khater, "New analytical wave structures for the (3+ 1)-dimensional Kadomtsev-Petviashvili and the generalized Boussinesq models and their applications", Results in Physics, vol. 14, pp. 102491, 2019.
Lu, Z., D. Barnard, T. R. Shaikh, X. Meng, C. A. Mannella, A. Yassin, R. Agrawal, T. Wagenknecht, and T. - M. Lu, "Gas-Assisted Annular Microsprayer for Sample Preparation for Time-Resolved Cryo-Electron Microscopy.", Journal of micromechanics and microengineering : structures, devices, and systems, vol. 24, issue 11, pp. 115001, 2014 Nov 1. Abstract

Time-resolved cryo electron microscopy (TRCEM) has emerged as a powerful technique for transient structural characterization of isolated biomacromolecular complexes in their native state within the time scale of seconds to milliseconds. For TRCEM sample preparation, microfluidic device [9] has been demonstrated to be a promising approach to facilitate TRCEM biological sample preparation. It is capable of achieving rapidly aqueous sample mixing, controlled reaction incubation, and sample deposition on electron microscopy (EM) grids for rapid freezing. One of the critical challenges is to transfer samples to cryo-EM grids from the microfluidic device. By using microspraying method, the generated droplet size needs to be controlled to facilitate the thin ice film formation on the grid surface for efficient data collection, while not too thin to be dried out before freezing, i.e., optimized mean droplet size needs to be achieved. In this work, we developed a novel monolithic three dimensional (3D) annular gas-assisted microfluidic sprayer using 3D MEMS (MicroElectroMechanical System) fabrication techniques. The microsprayer demonstrated dense and consistent microsprays with average droplet size between 6-9 μm, which fulfilled the above droplet size requirement for TRCEM sample preparation. With droplet density of around 12-18 per grid window (window size is 58×58 μm), and the data collectible thin ice region of >50% total wetted area, we collected ~800-1000 high quality CCD micrographs in a 6-8 hour period of continuous effort. This level of output is comparable to what were routinely achieved using cryo-grids prepared by conventional blotting and manual data collection. In this case, weeks of data collection process with the previous device [9] has shortened to a day or two. And hundreds of microliter of valuable sample consumption can be reduced to only a small fraction.

Lu, L., T. M. Ismail, Y. Jin, A. M. El-Salam, and K. Yoshikawa, "Numerical and experimental investigation on co-combustion characteristics of hydrothermally treatedmunicipal solid waste with coal in a fluidized bed", Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 154, pp. 52-65, 2016.
Lu, X. R., A. Q. Duan, W. Q. Li, H. Abdel-Shafy, H. E. Rushdi, S. S. Liang, X. Y. Ma, X. W. Liang, and T. X. Deng, "Genome-wide analysis reveals genetic diversity, linkage disequilibrium, and selection for milk production traits in Chinese buffalo breeds", Journal of Dairy Science: Elsevier, 2020. AbstractWebsite

The water buffalo is an important dual-purpose livestock that is widespread throughout central and southern China. However, there has been no characterization of the population genetics of Chinese buffalo. Using an Axiom buffalo genotyping array (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Wilmington, DE), we analyzed the genetic diversity, linkage disequilibrium pattern, and signature of selection in 176 Chinese buffaloes from 13 breeds. A total of 35,547 SNP passed quality control and were used for further analyses. Population genetic analysis revealed a clear separation between swamp and river types. Ten Chinese indigenous breeds were clustered into the swamp group, the Murrah and Nili-Ravi breeds were clustered into the river group, and the crossbred breed was closer to the river group. Genetic diversity analysis showed that the swamp group had a lower average expected heterozygosity. Linkage disequilibrium decay distance was much shorter in the swamp group compared with the river group, with an average square of correlation coefficient value of 0.2 of approximately 50 kb. Analysis of runs of homozygosity indicated extensive remote and recent inbreeding within swamp and river groups, respectively. Moreover, one genomic region under selection was detected between the river and swamp groups. Our findings contribute to our understanding of the characterization of population genetics in Chinese buffaloes, which in turn may be used in buffalo breeding programs.The water buffalo is an important dual-purpose livestock that is widespread throughout central and southern China. However, there has been no characterization of the population genetics of Chinese buffalo. Using an Axiom buffalo genotyping array (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Wilmington, DE), we analyzed the genetic diversity, linkage disequilibrium pattern, and signature of selection in 176 Chinese buffaloes from 13 breeds. A total of 35,547 SNP passed quality control and were used for further analyses. Population genetic analysis revealed a clear separation between swamp and river types. Ten Chinese indigenous breeds were clustered into the swamp group, the Murrah and Nili-Ravi breeds were clustered into the river group, and the crossbred breed was closer to the river group. Genetic diversity analysis showed that the swamp group had a lower average expected heterozygosity. Linkage disequilibrium decay distance was much shorter in the swamp group compared with the river group, with an average square of correlation coefficient value of 0.2 of approximately 50 kb. Analysis of runs of homozygosity indicated extensive remote and recent inbreeding within swamp and river groups, respectively. Moreover, one genomic region under selection was detected between the river and swamp groups. Our findings contribute to our understanding of the characterization of population genetics in Chinese buffaloes, which in turn may be used in buffalo breeding programs.

Lu, D., K. Yoshikawa, T. M. Ismail, and M. Abd-El-Salam, "Assessment of the carbonized woody briquette gasification in an updraft fixed bed gasifier using the Euler-Euler model", Applied Energy, vol. 220, pp. 70-86, 2018.
Lu, D., K. Yoshikawa, T. M. Ismail, and A. M. El-Salam, "Computational Fluid Dynamics Model on Updraft Gasifier Using Carbonized Woody Briquette as Fuel", Energy Procedia, vol. 142, pp. 166-171, 2017.
Lubart, R., H. Friedmann, T. Levinshal, R. Lavie, and H. Breitbart, "Effect of light on calcium transport in bull sperm cells", Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, vol. 15, issue 4: Elsevier, pp. 337-341, 1992. Abstract
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Lubart, R., H. Friedmann, M. Sinyakov, N. Cohen, and H. Breitbart, "Changes in calcium transport in mammalian sperm mitochondria and plasma membranes caused by 780 nm irradiation", Lasers in Surgery and Medicine: The Official Journal of the American Society for Laser Medicine and Surgery, vol. 21, issue 5: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York, pp. 493-499, 1997. Abstract
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Lubov, J., M. Maschietto, I. Ibrahim, A. Mlynarek, M. Hier, L. P. Kowalski, M. A. Alaoui-Jamali, and S. D. da Silva, "Meta-analysis of microRNAs expression in head and neck cancer: uncovering association with outcome and mechanisms.", Oncotarget, vol. 8, issue 33, pp. 55511-55524, 2017. Abstract

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is often diagnosed at advanced stages, incurring significant high mortality and morbidity. This review explored the risk stratification of miRNAs, and investigated the impact of miRNA networking in HNSCC prognostication. We performed a meta-analysis and a systematic literature search on online databases for papers published prior to December 1, 2016. The list of miRNAs was uploaded to MetacoreTM to construct a protein-protein interaction network, which was used to identify targets of the miRNAs and potential drugs. In addition, a representative network was further validated by immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 100 patients. We found 116 studies that included 8,194 subjects, in which the relationship between miRNA expression and prognosis of HNSCC were analyzed. Significant elevated expressions of 27 miRNAs and decreased expression of 26 miRNAs were associated with poor outcome. After excluding the studies causing heterogeneity, a fixed model was applied, which showed a statistically significant association between increased expression of miR-21 and poor survival (Pooled HR = 1.81,95% CI = 0.66-2.95, < 0.005). We identified four networks affected by the miRNAs expression and enriched in genes related to metabolic processes and regulation of cell mitogenesis in response to extracellular stimuli. One network point out to 16 miRNAs directly or indirectly involved in the regulation of androgen-receptor (AR). Evaluation of AR protein expression in our cohort revealed that patients with upregulation of AR had poor survival rates (log-rank test, < 0.005). This study showed that miRNAs have potential prognostic value to serve as screening tool for HNSCC during the follow-up. In addition, the implementation of a network-based analysis may reveal proteins with potential to be used as a biomarker.

Luca, Q., I. Miriam, C. Laura, R. Soledad, M. A. M. El Menyawi, G. Elisa, M. Sebastiani, P. Nicolo, U. Teresa, and C. Vincenza, "Validation Study Of The International Classification Criteria For The Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis", ACR 2013 ANNUAL MEETING, vol. 65, pp. S1123-S1124, 2013. Abstract
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