Export 5695 results:
Sort by: [ Author  (Asc)] Title Type Year
A B C D E F G H I J [K] L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z   [Show ALL]
Kudelka, M., V. Snásel, Z. Horák, and A. E. Hassanien, "From Web Pages to Web Communities.", DATESO, pp. 13–22, 2009. Abstract
Kudelka, M., V. Snásel, Z. Horak, and A. E. Hassanien, "From Web Pages to Web Communities", Annual International Workshop on DAtabases, TExts, Specifications and Objects, Spindleruv Mlyn, Czech Republic , April 15-17, 2009. Abstract

In this paper we are looking for a relationship between the intent of Web pages, their architecture and the communities who take part in their usage and creation. From our point of view, the Web page is entity carrying information about these communities and this paper describes techniques, which can be used to extract mentioned information as well as tools usable in analysis of these information. Information about communities could be used in several ways thanks to our approach. Finally we present an experiment which illustrates the benefits of our approach.

Kudelka, M., V. Snasel, Z. Horak, A. E. Hassanien, A. Abraham, and J. D. Velásquez, "A novel approach for comparing web sites by using MicroGenres", Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence,, vol. 35, pp. 178-198, 2014. AbstractWebsite

In this paper, a novel approach is introduced to compare web sites by analysing their web page content. Each web page can be expressed as a set of entities called MicroGenres, which in turn are abstractions about design patterns and genres for representing the page content. This description is useful for web page and web site classification and for a deeper insight into the web site׳s social context.

The web site comparison is useful for extracting patterns which can be used for improving Web search engine effectiveness, the identification of best practices in web site design and of course in the organization of web page content to personalize the web user experience on a web site.

The effectiveness of the proposed approach was tested in a real world case, with e-shop web sites showing that a web site can be represented in a high level of abstraction by using MicroGenres, the contents of which can then be compared and given a measure corresponding to web site similarity. This measure is very useful for detecting web communities on the Web, i.e., a group of web sites sharing similar contents, and the result is essential in performing a focused and effective information search as well as minimizing web page retrieval.

Kudinova, N. V., and T. T. Berezov, "Photodynamic therapy of cancer: Search for ideal photosensitizer", Biochemistry (Moscow) Supplement Series B: Biomedical Chemistry, vol. 4, issue 1: SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica, pp. 95-103, 2010. Abstract
Kudugunti, S. K., H. Thorsheim, M. S. Yousef, L. Guan, and M. Y. Moridani, "The Metabolic Bioactivation of Caffeic Acid Phenethyl Ester (CAPE) Mediated by Tyrosinase Selectively Inhibits Glutathione S-Transferase", Journal Chemico-Biological Interactions, 2011.
Kuhn, H., and F.A.Zeid, "Der Einfluss von Kieselsaure auf die Halmstabilitat von Getreide.", Kurz und bundig (BASF),, vol. 24, no. 7. Heft. S., pp. 152, 1971. Abstract
Kuhn, H., and F.A.Zeid, "Der Einfluss von Kieselsaure auf die Halmstabilitat von Getreide.", Kurz und bundig (BASF),, vol. 24, no. 7. Heft. S., pp. 152, 1971. Abstract
Kukendall, L. D., D. M. Swelim, F. M. Hashem, S. M. Abdel-Wahab, and N. A. Hegazi, "Symbiotic competence, genetic diversity and plasmid profiles of Egyptian isolates of Rhizobium sp. from Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) Dewit. ", Letters in Applied Microbiology, vol. 22, pp. 347-352, 1996.
Kulikov, K. V., M. Nashaat, and Y. M. Shukrinov, " Stationary Charge Imbalance Effect in System of Coupled Josephson Junction", EPL (Europhysics Letters), vol. 127, issue 6, 2019.
Kulshrestha, A., G. K. Katara, S. A. Ibrahim, V. Riehl, M. Sahoo, J. Dolan, K. W. Meinke, M. R. Pins, and K. D. Beaman, "Targeting V-ATPase Isoform Restores Cisplatin Activity in Resistant Ovarian Cancer: Inhibition of Autophagy, Endosome Function, and ERK/MEK Pathway.", Journal of oncology, vol. 2019, pp. 2343876, 2019. Abstract

Ovarian cancer (OVCA) patients often develop tolerance to standard platinum therapy that accounts for extensive treatment failures. Cisplatin resistant OVCA cells (cis-R) display enhanced survival mechanisms to cope with therapeutic stress. In these cells, increased autophagy process assists in chemoresistance by boosting the nutrient pool under stress. To improve the treatment response, both protective autophagy inhibition and its overactivation are showing efficacy in chemosensitization. Autophagy requires a tightly regulated intracellular pH. Vacuolar ATPases (V-ATPases) are proton extruding nanomotors present on cellular/vesicular membranes where they act as primary pH regulators. V-ATPase 'a2' isoform (V0a2), the major pH sensing unit, is markedly overexpressed on the plasma membrane and the early endosomes of OVCA cells. Previously, V0a2 inhibition sensitized cis-R cells to platinum drugs by acidifying cytosolic pH that elevated DNA damage. Here, we examined how V0a2 inhibition affected endosomal function and the autophagy process as a possible factor for cisplatin sensitization. Clinically, V0a2 expression was significantly higher in tissues from drug nonresponder OVCA patients compared to treatment responders. In vitro V0a2 knockdown in cis-R cells (sh-V0a2-cisR) significantly reduced the tumor sphere-forming ability and caused complete disintegration of the spheres upon cisplatin treatment. The apoptotic capacity of sh-V0a2-cisR improved substantially with potentiation of both intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic pathway when treated with cisplatin. Unlike the chemical V-ATPase inhibitors that acutely induce autophagy, here, the stable V0a2 inhibition dampened the protective autophagy process in sh-V0a2-cisR cells with downregulated expression of proteins beclin-1, ATG-7, and LC3B and low autophagosome numbers compared to control cis-R cells. These cells showed downregulated ERK/MEK pathway that is known to repress autophagy. Interestingly, upon cisplatin treatment of sh-V0a2-cisR, the autophagy initiation proteins (LC3B, ATG7, and Beclin 1) were found upregulated as a stress response compared to the untreated cells. However, there was a concomitant downstream autophagosome accumulation and an enhanced P62 protein levels indicating the overall block in autophagy flux. Mechanistically, V0a2 knockdown caused defects in early endosome function as the transferrin internalization was impaired. Taken together, this study provides a novel insight into the mechanism by which V-ATPase-isoform regulates autophagy that assists in chemoresistance in ovarian cancer. We conclude that V-ATPase-V0a2 is a potent target for developing an effective treatment to enhance patient survival rates in ovarian cancer.

Kulshrestha, A., G. K. Katara, S. Ibrahim, S. Pamarthy, M. K. Jaiswal, A. Gilman Sachs, and K. D. Beaman, "Vacuolar ATPase 'a2' isoform exhibits distinct cell surface accumulation and modulates matrix metalloproteinase activity in ovarian cancer.", Oncotarget, vol. 6, issue 6, pp. 3797-810, 2015 Feb 28. Abstractoncotarget_2015_arpita.pdf

Tumor associated vacuolar H+-ATPases (V-ATPases) are multi-subunit proton pumps that acidify tumor microenvironment, thereby promoting tumor invasion. Subunit 'a' of its V0 domain is the major pH sensing unit that additionally controls sub-cellular targeting of V-ATPase and exists in four different isoforms. Our study reports an elevated expression of the V-ATPase-V0a2 isoform in ovarian cancer(OVCA) tissues and cell lines(A2780, SKOV-3 and TOV-112D). Among all V0'a' isoforms, V0a2 exhibited abundant expression on OVCA cell surface while normal ovarian epithelia did not. Sub-cellular distribution of V-ATPase-V0a2 confirmed its localization on plasma-membrane, where it was also co-associated with cortactin, an F-actin stabilizing protein at leading edges of cancer cells. Additionally, V0a2 was also localized in early and late endosomal compartments that are sites for modulations of several signaling pathways in cancer. Targeted inhibition of V-ATPase-V0a2 suppressed matrix metalloproteinase activity(MMP-9 & MMP-2) in OVCA cells. In conclusion, V-ATPase-V0a2 isoform is abundantly expressed on ovarian tumor cell surface in association with invasion assembly related proteins and plays critical role in tumor invasion by modulating the activity of matrix-degrading proteases. This study highlights for the first time, the importance of V-ATPase-V0a2 isoform as a distinct biomarker and possible therapeutic target for treatment of ovarian carcinoma.

Kulshrestha, A., G. K. Katara, J. Ginter, S. Pamarthy, S. A. Ibrahim, M. K. Jaiswal, C. Sandulescu, R. Periakaruppan, J. Dolan, A. Gilman-Sachs, et al., "Selective inhibition of tumor cell associated Vacuolar-ATPase 'a2' isoform overcomes cisplatin resistance in ovarian cancer cells.", Molecular oncology, vol. 10, issue 6, pp. 789-805, 2016 Jun. Abstract

Development of resistance to platinum compounds significantly hinders successful ovarian cancer (OVCA) treatment. In tumor cells, dysregulated pH gradient across cell membranes is a key physiological mechanism of metastasis/chemo-resistance. These pH alterations are mediated by aberrant activation of key multi-subunit proton pumps, Vacuolar-ATPases (V-ATPases). In tumor cells, its 'a2' isoform (V-ATPase-V0a2) is a component of functional plasma-membrane complex and promotes tumor invasion through tumor-acidification and immuno-modulation. Its involvement in chemo-resistance has not been studied. Here, we show that V-ATPase-V0a2 is over-expressed in acquired-cisplatin resistant OVCA cells (cis-A2780/cis-TOV112D). Of all the 'a' subunit isoforms, V-ATPase-V0a2 exhibited an elevated expression on plasma membrane of cisplatin-resistant cells compared to sensitive counterparts. Immuno-histochemistry revealed V-ATPase-V0a2 expression in both low grade (highly drug-resistant) and high grade (highly recurrent) human OVCA tissues indicating its role in a centralized mechanism of tumor resistance. In cisplatin resistant cells, shRNA mediated inhibition of V-ATPase-V0a2 enhanced sensitivity towards both cisplatin and carboplatin. This improved cytotoxicity was mediated by enhanced cisplatin-DNA-adduct formation and suppressed DNA-repair pathway, leading to enhanced apoptosis. Suppression of V0a2 activity strongly reduced cytosolic pH in resistant tumor cells, which is known to enhance platinum-associated DNA-damage. As an indicator of reduced metastasis and chemo-resistance, in contrast to plasma membrane localization, a diffused cytoplasmic localization of acidic vacuoles was observed in V0a2-knockdown resistant cells. Interestingly, pre-treatment with monoclonal V0a2-inhibitory antibody enhanced cisplatin cytotoxicity in resistant cells. Taken together, our findings suggest that the isoform specific inhibition of V-ATPase-V0a2 could serve as a therapeutic strategy for chemo-resistant ovarian carcinoma and improve efficacy of platinum drugs.

Kulshrestha, A., G. K. Katara, S. A. Ibrahim, R. Patil, S. A. Patil, and K. D. Beaman, "Microtubule inhibitor, SP-6-27 inhibits angiogenesis and induces apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells.", Oncotarget, vol. 8, issue 40, pp. 67017-67028, 2017 Sep 15. Abstract17549-256555-5-pb.pdf

In ovarian cancer (OVCA), treatment failure due to chemo-resistance is a serious challenge. It is therefore critical to identify new therapies that are effective against resistant tumors and have reduced side effects. We recently identified 4-H-chromenes as tubulin depolymerizing agents that bind to colchicine site of beta-tubulin. Here, we screened a chemical library of substituted 4-H-chromenes and identified SP-6-27 to exhibit most potent anti-proliferative activity towards a panel of human cisplatin sensitive and resistant OVCA cell lines with 50% inhibitory concentration (IC; mean ± SD) ranging from 0.10 ± 0.01 to 0.84 ± 0.20 μM. SP-6-27 exhibited minimum cytotoxicity to normal ovarian epithelia. A pronounced decrease in microtubule density as well as G2/M cell cycle arrest was observed in SP-6-27 treated cisplatin sensitive/resistant OVCA cells. The molecular mechanism of SP-6-27 induced cell death revealed modulation in cell-cycle regulation by upregulation of growth arrest and DNA damage inducible alpha transcripts (GADD45). An enhanced intrinsic apoptosis was observed in OVCA cells through upregulation of Bax, Apaf-1, caspase-6, -9, and caspase-3. wound healing assay revealed reduced OVCA cell migration upon SP-6-27 treatment. Additionally, SP-6-27 and cisplatin combinatorial treatment showed enhanced cytotoxicity in chemo-sensitive/resistant OVCA cells. Besides effect on cancer cells, SP-6-27 further restrained angiogenesis by inhibiting capillary tube formation by human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Together, these findings show that the chromene analog SP-6-27 is a novel chemotherapeutic agent that offers important advantages for the treatment of ovarian cancer.

Kulshrestha, A., G. K. Katara, S. A. Ibrahim, V. E. Riehl, S. Schneiderman, M. Bilal, A. N. Young, S. Levine, S. Fleetwood, J. Dolan, et al., "In vivo anti-V-ATPase antibody treatment delays ovarian tumor growth by increasing antitumor immune responses.", Molecular oncology, vol. 14, issue 10, pp. 2436-2454, 2020. Abstract

Tumor acidity is the key metabolic feature promoting cancer progression and is modulated by pH regulators on a cancer cell's surface that pump out excess protons/lactic acid for cancer cell survival. Neutralizing tumor acidity improves the therapeutic efficacy of current treatments including immunotherapies. Vacuolar-ATPase (V-ATPase) proton pumps encompass unique plasma membrane-associated subunit isoforms, making this molecule an important target for anticancer therapy. Here, we examined the in vivo therapeutic efficacy of an antibody (a2v-mAB) targeting specific V-ATPase-'V0a2' surface isoform in controlling ovarian tumor growth. In vitro a2v-mAb treatment inhibited the proton pump activity in ovarian cancer (OVCA) cells. In vivo intraperitoneal a2v-mAb treatment drastically delayed ovarian tumor growth with no measurable in vivo toxicity in a transplant tumor model. To explore the possible mechanism causing delayed tumor growth, histochemical analysis of the a2v-mAb-treated tumor tissues displayed high immune cell infiltration (M1-macrophages, neutrophils, CD103 cells, and NK cells) and an enhanced antitumor response (iNOS, IFN-y, IL-1α) compared to control. There was marked decrease in CA-125-positive cancer cells and an enhanced active caspase-3 expression in a2v-mAb-treated tumors. RNA-seq analysis of a2v-mAb tumor tissues further revealed upregulation of apoptosis-related and toll-like receptor pathway-related genes. Indirect coculture of a2v-mAb-treated OVCA cells with human PBMCs in an unbuffered medium led to an enhanced gene expression of antitumor molecules IFN-y, IL-17, and IL-12-A in PBMCs, further validating the in vivo antitumor responses. In conclusion, V-ATPase inhibition using a monoclonal antibody directed against the V0a2 isoform increases antitumor immune responses and could therefore constitute an effective treatment strategy in OVCA.

Kumaguchi, A., T. Mishima, T. Yamahsita, and M. Haggag, "The university-business cooperation research regarding the utilization of the regional environment simulator", 16th Symposium on Global Environment, JSCE, Okayama, Japan, August, 2008.
Kumar, D., C. Park, N. Tamanna, G. C. Paul, and M. S. Osman, "Dynamics of two-mode Sawada-Kotera equation: mathematical and graphical analysis of its dual-wave solutions", Results in Physics, vol. 19, pp. 103581, 2020.
KUMAR, R. A. J. E. S. H., and et al, "Evaluation of dental caries in preterm born childern with enamel defects. (Prof. Emad Daif was a peer reviewer for this article).", British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, In Press.
Kumar, S., J. Saxena, V. K. Srivastava, S. Kaushik, H. Singh, K. Abo-EL-Sooud, M. M. Abdel-Daim, A. Jyoti, and R. Saluja, "The Interplay of Oxidative Stress and ROS Scavenging: Antioxidants as a Therapeutic Potential in Sepsis.", Vaccines, vol. 10, issue 10, 2022. Abstractvaccines-10-01575.pdf

Oxidative stress resulting from the disproportion of oxidants and antioxidants contributes to both physiological and pathological conditions in sepsis. To combat this, the antioxidant defense system comes into the picture, which contributes to limiting the amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) leading to the reduction of oxidative stress. However, a strong relationship has been found between scavengers of ROS and antioxidants in preclinical in vitro and in vivo models. ROS is widely believed to cause human pathology most specifically in sepsis, where a small increase in ROS levels activates signaling pathways to initiate biological processes. An inclusive understanding of the effects of ROS scavenging in cellular antioxidant signaling is essentially lacking in sepsis. This review compiles the mechanisms of ROS scavenging as well as oxidative damage in sepsis, as well as antioxidants as a potent therapeutic. Direct interaction between ROS and cellular pathways greatly affects sepsis, but such interaction does not provide the explanation behind diverse biological outcomes. Animal models of sepsis and a number of clinical trials with septic patients exploring the efficiency of antioxidants in sepsis are reviewed. In line with this, both enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants were effective, and results from recent studies are promising. The usage of these potent antioxidants in sepsis patients would greatly impact the field of medicine.

Kumar, A. N., and et al, "Novel therapy for Oral Cancer - Gene therapy an update ( Prof. Emad Daif was a peer reviewer for this article)", British Journal of Medicine & Medical Research, vol. 9, issue 3, pp. 1-8, 2015.
Kumar, S., B. Kour, S. - W. Yao, M. Inc, and M. S. Osman, "Invariance Analysis, Exact Solution and Conservation Laws of (2+ 1) Dim Fractional Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) System", Symmetry, vol. 13, issue 3: MDPI, pp. 477, 2021. Abstract
Kumar, B., S. Dhar, S. Paul, V. Paramesh, A. Dass, P. K. Upadhyay, A. Kumar, S. A. M. Abdelmohsen, F. H. Alkallas, T. Z. K. El-Abedin, et al., "Microbial Biomass Carbon, Activity of Soil Enzymes, Nutrient Availability, Root Growth, and Total Biomass Production in Wheat Cultivars under Variable Irrigation and Nutrient Management", Agronomy, vol. 11, no. 4, 2021. AbstractWebsite

Intensive mono-cropping without a balanced supply of nutrients and declining water resources are degrading soil health, and as a consequence, agriculture production is becoming unsustainable and causing environmental degradation. The field experiment was conducted during Rabi season to assess the effect of an irrigation schedule, nutrient management, and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties on soil microbial biomass carbon (SMBC) and soil enzymes activities. Two nutrient levels, recommended rate of chemical fertilizer (RDF) and 50% RDF + 50% recommended dose of nitrogen (RDN) through farmyard manure (FYM) designated as Integrated Nutrient Sources (INS), and three irrigations levels, one irrigation at crown root initiation (CRI), two irrigations at CRI and flowering stages, and five irrigations at all main stages of the crop (CRI, tillering, jointing, flowering, and grain filling) were allocated to main-plots while four varieties of wheat, HD 2967, WR 544, HD 2987, and HD 2932, were allocated to sub-plots. The results revealed that SMBC and activities of dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase enzymes, and acid phosphatase were higher under restricted irrigation (irrigation at CRI stage) than other irrigation schedules. SMBC, dehydrogenase, acid phosphatase, and alkaline phosphatase activities were 73.0 µg g soil−1, 86.0 µg TPF g soil−1d−1, 39.6 µg PNP g soil−1 h1, and 81.8 µg PNP g−1 soil h−1, respectively, with the use of INS that was higher than RDF. Root weight and root volume followed a similar pattern. Applying single irrigation at CRI left behind the maximum available nitrogen (166.4 kg ha−1) in soil compared to other irrigation schedules and it was highest (149.31 kg ha−1) with the use of INS. Moreover, total organic carbon (TOC) was 0.44 and 0.43% higher with irrigation at CRI stages and the use of INS, respectively. The INS with single irrigation at the CRI stage is important to improve the root growth, SMBC dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, and acid phosphatase enzyme activity in the wheat production system.

KUMAR, R. A. J. E. S. H., and et al, "Evaluation of dental caries in preterm born childern with enamel defects. (Prof. Emad Daif was a peer reviewer for this article).", British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, In Press.
Kumar, A. V., S. Brézillon, V. Untereiner, G. D. Sockalingum, S. K. Kat, H. T. Mohamed, B. Kemper, B. Greve, B. Mohr, S. A. A. Ibrahim, et al., "HS2ST1-dependent signaling pathways determine breast cancer cell viability, matrix interactions, and invasive behavior", Cancer Sci , vol. 111, issue 8, pp. 2907-2922., 2020. cancer_science.pdf
Kumar, S., and M. Yehia, "Mathematical Field Modelling of Transient Ceiling Jet Characteristics in Fires", Heat & Mass Transfer, vol. 94, 1994. Abstract
Kumar, R., Samy Sayed, M. Bala, S. - A. Elarrnaouty, J. I. ˇ Porhajašová, Z. M. Mohammedsaleh, A. F. Shater, and B. M. Al-ahmadi, "Ultramorphological study of immature stages and male genitalia of forensically significant flesh fly Sarcophaga dux thomson, 1868 (Diptera: Sarchophagidae)", Journal of King Saud University – Science, vol. 33, pp. 101460, 2021. jksus-1.pdf