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Salminen, J., S. - G. Jung, A. M. S. Kamel, J. M. Santos, and B. J. Jansen, "Using artificially generated pictures in customer-facing systems: an evaluation study with data-driven personas", Behaviour and Information Technology, vol. 41, no. 5: Taylor and Francis Ltd., pp. 905-921, 2022. AbstractWebsite

We conduct two studies to evaluate the suitability of artificially generated facial pictures for use in a customer-facing system using data-driven personas. STUDY 1 investigates the quality of a sample of 1,000 artificially generated facial pictures. Obtaining 6,812 crowd judgments, we find that 90% of the images are rated medium quality or better. STUDY 2 examines the application of artificially generated facial pictures in data-driven personas using an experimental setting where the high-quality pictures are implemented in persona profiles. Based on 496 participants using 4 persona treatments (2 × 2 research design), findings of Bayesian analysis show that using the artificial pictures in persona profiles did not decrease the scores for Authenticity, Clarity, Empathy, and Willingness to Use of the data-driven personas. © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Wimpenny, K., F. Nascimbeni, S. Affouneh, A. Almakari, I. M. Jariego, and A. Eldeib, "Using open education practices across the Mediterranean for intercultural curriculum development in higher education", Teaching in Higher Education,, vol. 27, issue 1, pp. 54–69, 2022.
AbdulAmeer, S. A., A. H. Madani, I. M. Mohammed, A. T. Jalil, Y. Cao, F. M. A. Altalbawy, and L. Wu, "Utility of hexagonal boron carbide nanosheets for removing harmful dyes: electronic study via DFT", Inorganic Chemistry Communications, 2022. 5_inorganic_chemistry_communications-_14_december_2022_110322.pdf
Mansour, A., M. Mannaa, O. Hewedy, M. G. Ali, H. Jung, and Y. S. Seo, "Versatile Roles of Microbes and Small RNAs in Rice and Planthopper Interactions", The Plant Pathology Journal, vol. 38, issue 5, pp. 432-448, 2022.
Mansour, A., M. Mannaa, O. Hewedy, M. G. Ali, H. Jung, and Y. - S. Seo, "Versatile Roles of Microbes and Small RNAs in Rice and Planthopper Interactions.", The plant pathology journal, vol. 38, issue 5, pp. 432-448, 2022. Abstract

Planthopper infestation in rice causes direct and indirect damage through feeding and viral transmission. Host microbes and small RNAs (sRNAs) play essential roles in regulating biological processes, such as metabolism, development, immunity, and stress responses in eukaryotic organisms, including plants and insects. Recently, advanced metagenomic approaches have facilitated investigations on microbial diversity and its function in insects and plants, highlighting the significance of microbiota in sustaining host life and regulating their interactions with the environment. Recent research has also suggested significant roles for sRNA-regulated genes during rice-planthopper interactions. The response and behavior of the rice plant to planthopper feeding are determined by changes in the host transcriptome, which might be regulated by sRNAs. In addition, the roles of microbial symbionts and sRNAs in the host response to viral infection are complex and involve defense-related changes in the host transcriptomic profile. This review reviews the structure and potential functions of microbes and sRNAs in rice and the associated planthopper species. In addition, the involvement of the microbiota and sRNAs in the rice-planthopper-virus interactions during planthopper infestation and viral infection are discussed.

Xiao, S., S. Wang, D. Jiang, X. Cheng, X. Zhu, F. Lin, B. Yu, H. Dong, X. Wang, M. Munir, et al., "VP2 virus-like particles elicit protective immunity against duckling short beak and dwarfism syndrome in ducks.", Transboundary and emerging diseases, vol. 69, issue 2, pp. 570-578, 2022. Abstract

Duckling short beak and dwarfism syndrome virus (SBDSV), an emerging goose parvovirus, has caused short beak and dwarfism syndrome (SBDS) in Chinese duck flocks since 2015. Presently, there is no commercial vaccine against SBDS. In the present study, a virus-like particle (VLP)-based candidate vaccine was developed against this disease. A baculovirus expression system was used to express the SBDSV VP2 protein in Sf9 cells. Immunofluorescence assay, sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western blotting were used to confirm protein expression. Furthermore, transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the formation of VLPs. VLPs were formulated into an oil-adjuvanted maternal vaccine to evaluate humoral responses in breeding ducks via latex particle agglutination inhibition assay (LPAI) and microneutralization assay. The offspring were challenged with SBDSV to test the protective efficacy. A single dose of SBDSV was able to induce the high level of LPAI antibodies in ducks, with LPAI and neutralization peak titres of 4.9 ± 1.20 log2 and 7.1 ± 1.20 log2, respectively, at 4 weeks post-vaccination (wpv). The average LPAI titre of yolk antibodies in duck eggs receiving 2 doses (first and boost doses) of the vaccine was 5.3 ± 1.09 log2 at 4 weeks post-boost. The protective efficacy of the maternal vaccine was 87.5%-100%. These results indicate that SBDSV VLPs can be a promising vaccine candidate for controlling SBDS.

Jamal, M. A., I. A. El-Khodary, and D. S. Ali, "Developing a Two-stage Data Envelopment Analysis Model Handling Rough Variables", International Conference on Data Analytics for Business and Industry (ICDABI), October 2021.
Jamal, M. A., I. A. El-Khodary, and D. A. Saleh, "Developing a Two-stage Data Envelopment Analysis Model Handling Rough Variables", 2021 International Conference on Data Analytics for Business and Industry (ICDABI), Bahrain, 25 October, 2021.
Sayed, W., A. E. Helaly, Z. Jamal, and H. El-Bendary, Effect of a low cost diet on the cotton leaf worm, Spodoptera littoralis nucleopolyhedrosis virus pathogenicity and sterile insect technique, , vol. 31, 2021/12/01. Abstract

BackgroundMass rearing cost of Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is one of the critical methods for the successful utilization of Baculovirus pathogenicity and sterile insect technique (SIT). Effectiveness of both SIT and S. littoralis Nucleopolyhedrosis Virus ( Spli NPV) was assessed in response to plant-based diet and substitution of agar with commercial sources of gelling components as feed.
Pupal and adult recoveries produced by castor bean leaves were significantly high, followed by the agar-based diet. Moreover, larval durations were significantly prolonged for (starch + gelatin)-based diet than the other dietary diets. Obviously, Spli NPV pathogenicity against the larvae reared on (starch + gelatin)-based diet was 2.5 and 2 times higher than those reared on castor leaves and agar-based diet, respectively. Contrary to expectation, the sterility doses of male moths produced by castor leaves and agar-based diet were relatively similar.
The findings suggest that the lowest cost diets (starch + gelatin)-based diet could be used effectively for increasing the Spli NPV pathogenicity, while either castor leaves or agar-based diet could be considered as a promising choice for SIT program.

Sonousi, A., J. C. K. Quirke, P. Waduge, T. Janusic, M. Gysin, K. Haldimann, S. Xu, S. N. Hobbie, S. - H. Sha, J. Schacht, et al., "An Advanced Apralog with Increased in vitro and in vivo Activity toward Gram-negative Pathogens and Reduced ex vivo Cochleotoxicity", ChemMedChem, vol. 16, issue 2: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, pp. 335 - 339, 2021. AbstractWebsite

Abstract We describe the convergent synthesis of a 5-O-?-D-ribofuranosyl-based apramycin derivative (apralog) that displays significantly improved antibacterial activity over the parent apramycin against wild-type ESKAPE pathogens. In addition, the new apralog retains excellent antibacterial activity in the presence of the only aminoglycoside modifying enzyme (AAC(3)-IV) acting on the parent, without incurring susceptibility to the APH(3?) mechanism that disables other 5-O-?-D-ribofuranosyl 2-deoxystreptamine type aminoglycosides by phosphorylation at the ribose 5-position. Consistent with this antibacterial activity, the new apralog has excellent 30?nM activity (IC50) for the inhibition of protein synthesis by the bacterial ribosome in a cell-free translation assay, while retaining the excellent across-the-board selectivity of the parent for inhibition of bacterial over eukaryotic ribosomes. Overall, these characteristics translate into excellent in?vivo efficacy against E. coli in a mouse thigh infection model and reduced ototoxicity vis à vis the parent in mouse cochlear explants.

Al-Surhanee, A. A., M. Afzal, N. A. Bouqellah, S. A. Ouf, S. Muhammad, M. Jan, S. Kaleem, M. Hashem, S. Alamri, A. A. H. A. Latef, et al., "The Antifungal Activity of Ag/CHI NPs against Rhizoctonia solani Linked with Tomato Plant Health", Plants, vol. 10, issue 11, pp. 2283, 2021. AbstractWebsite

Pathogenic infestations are significant threats to vegetable yield, and have become an urgent problem to be solved. Rhizoctonia solani is one of the worst fungi affecting tomato crops, reducing yield in some regions. It is a known fact that plants have their own defense against such infestations; however, it is unclear whether any exogenous material can help plants against infestation. Therefore, we performed greenhouse experiments to evaluate the impacts of R. solani on 15- and 30-day old tomato plants after fungal infestation, and estimated the antifungal activity of nanoparticles (NPs) against the pathogen. We observed severe pathogenic impacts on the above-ground tissues of tomato plants which would affect plant physiology and crop production. Pathogenic infection reduced total chlorophyll and anthocyanin contents, which subsequently disturbed plant physiology. Further, total phenolic contents (TPC), total flavonoid contents (TFC), and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents were significantly increased in pathogen treatments. Constitutively, enhanced activities were estimated for catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) in response to reactive oxygen species (ROS)in pathogen-treated plants. Moreover, pathogenesis-related genes, namely, chitinase, plant glutathione S-transferase (GST), phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL1), pathogenesis-related protein (PR12), and pathogenesis-related protein (PR1) were evaluated, with significant differences between treated and control plants. In vitro and greenhouse antifungal activity of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs), chitosan nanoparticles, and Ag NPs/CHI NPs composites and plant health was studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrophotometry. We found astonishing results, namely, that Ag and CHI have antifungal activities against R. solani. Overall, plant health was much improved following treatment with Ag NPs/CHI NPs composites. In order to manage R. solani pathogenicity and improve tomato health, Ag/CHI NPs composites could be used infield as well as on commercial levels based on recommendations. However, there is an urgent need to first evaluate whether these NP composites have any secondary impacts on human health or the environment.

Madkhali, O., M. Jullien, A. E. Giba, J. Ghanbaja, S. Mathieu, C. Gendarme, S. Migot, Y. Alajlani, N. Can, F. Alnjiman, et al., Blue emission and twin structure of p-type copper iodide thin films, , vol. 27, pp. 101500, 2021. AbstractWebsite

Copper iodide is an attractive p-type transparent material suitable for optoelectronic applications. This work reports on the synthesis of copper iodide (CuI) by iodination of sputtered Cu films previously deposited on glass and silicon substrates. The crystalline phase and surface morphology were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), respectively. The prepared CuI films crystallize in the zinc blende structure (γ-phase) at different amounts of iodine and exhibit preferential orientation along the <111> direction. Moreover, detailed investigation of the microstructure via high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) revealed the presence and details of alternating twin crystallographic domains between adjacent grains. The electrical properties of the CuI films were characterized by Hall effect measurements and revealed a p-type carrier behavior for all films. The electrical behavior was discussed and attributed to the change in intrinsic point defects. In addition, the electronic bandgap and luminescence properties were investigated using optical transmission and photoluminescence (PL). The CuI films showed a wide band gap (about 3.05 eV) with an average transmittance of about (66 %) in the visible region. Moreover, the PL showed a blue emission ranging from 400 to 440 nm originating from the excitonic recombination and radiative point defects.

Akowuah, E., R. A. Benson, E. J. Caruana, G. Chetty, J. Edwards, S. Forlani, G. Gradinariu, G. J. Murphy, A. Y. Oo, A. J. Patel, et al., "Early outcomes and complications following cardiac surgery in patients testing positive for coronavirus disease 2019: An international cohort study", The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular SurgeryThe Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, vol. 162, issue 2: Elsevier, pp. e355 - e372, 2021. AbstractWebsite
Glasbey, J., A. Ademuyiwa, A. Adisa, E. Alameer, A. P. Arnaud, F. Ayasra, J. Azevedo, A. Minaya-Bravo, A. Costas-Chavarri, J. Edwards, et al., "Effect of COVID-19 pandemic lockdowns on planned cancer surgery for 15 tumour types in 61 countries: an international, prospective, cohort study", The Lancet OncologyThe Lancet Oncology, vol. 22, issue 11: Elsevier, pp. 1507 - 1517, 2021. AbstractWebsite
Biccard, B. M., L. du Toit, M. Lesosky, T. Stephens, L. Myer, A. B. A. Prempeh, N. Vickery, H. - L. Kluyts, A. Torborg, A. Omigbodun, et al., Enhanced postoperative surveillance versus standard of care to reduce mortality among adult surgical patients in Africa (ASOS-2): a cluster-randomised controlled trial, , vol. 9, issue 10, pp. e1391 - e1401, 2021. AbstractWebsite

Risk of mortality following surgery in patients across Africa is twice as high as the global average. Most of these deaths occur on hospital wards after the surgery itself. We aimed to assess whether enhanced postoperative surveillance of adult surgical patients at high risk of postoperative morbidity or mortality in Africa could reduce 30-day in-hospital mortality.
We did a two-arm, open-label, cluster-randomised trial of hospitals (clusters) across Africa. Hospitals were eligible if they provided surgery with an overnight postoperative admission. Hospitals were randomly assigned through minimisation in recruitment blocks (1:1) to provide patients with either a package of enhanced postoperative surveillance interventions (admitting the patient to higher care ward, increasing the frequency of postoperative nursing observations, assigning the patient to a bed in view of the nursing station, allowing family members to stay in the ward, and placing a postoperative surveillance guide at the bedside) for those at high risk (ie, with African Surgical Outcomes Study Surgical Risk Calculator scores ≥10) and usual care for those at low risk (intervention group), or for all patients to receive usual postoperative care (control group). Health-care providers and participants were not masked, but data assessors were. The primary outcome was 30-day in-hospital mortality of patients at low and high risk, measured at the participant level. All analyses were done as allocated (by cluster) in all patients with available data. This trial is registered with, NCT03853824.
Between May 3, 2019, and July 27, 2020, 594 eligible hospitals indicated a desire to participate across 33 African countries; 332 (56%) were able to recruit participants and were included in analyses. We allocated 160 hospitals (13 275 patients) to provide enhanced postoperative surveillance and 172 hospitals (15 617 patients) to provide standard care. The mean age of participants was 37·1 years (SD 15·5) and 20 039 (69·4%) of 28 892 patients were women. 30-day in-hospital mortality occurred in 169 (1·3%) of 12 970 patients with mortality data in the intervention group and in 193 (1·3%) of 15 242 patients with mortality data in the control group (relative risk 0·96, 95% CI 0·69–1·33; p=0·79). 45 (0·2%) of 22 031 patients at low risk and 309 (5·6%) of 5500 patients at high risk died. No harms associated with either intervention were reported.
This intervention package did not decrease 30-day in-hospital mortality among surgical patients in Africa at high risk of postoperative morbidity or mortality. Further research is needed to develop interventions that prevent death from surgical complications in resource-limited hospitals across Africa.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiologists.
For the Arabic, French and Portuguese translations of the abstract see Supplementary Materials section.

Wright, N. J., A. J. M. Leather, N. Ade-Ajayi, N. Sevdalis, J. Davies, D. Poenaru, E. Ameh, A. Ademuyiwa, K. Lakhoo, E. R. Smith, et al., Mortality from gastrointestinal congenital anomalies at 264 hospitals in 74 low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries: a multicentre, international, prospective cohort study, , vol. 398, issue 10297, pp. 325 - 339, 2021. AbstractWebsite

Congenital anomalies are the fifth leading cause of mortality in children younger than 5 years globally. Many gastrointestinal congenital anomalies are fatal without timely access to neonatal surgical care, but few studies have been done on these conditions in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). We compared outcomes of the seven most common gastrointestinal congenital anomalies in low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries globally, and identified factors associated with mortality.
We did a multicentre, international prospective cohort study of patients younger than 16 years, presenting to hospital for the first time with oesophageal atresia, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, intestinal atresia, gastroschisis, exomphalos, anorectal malformation, and Hirschsprung's disease. Recruitment was of consecutive patients for a minimum of 1 month between October, 2018, and April, 2019. We collected data on patient demographics, clinical status, interventions, and outcomes using the REDCap platform. Patients were followed up for 30 days after primary intervention, or 30 days after admission if they did not receive an intervention. The primary outcome was all-cause, in-hospital mortality for all conditions combined and each condition individually, stratified by country income status. We did a complete case analysis.
We included 3849 patients with 3975 study conditions (560 with oesophageal atresia, 448 with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, 681 with intestinal atresia, 453 with gastroschisis, 325 with exomphalos, 991 with anorectal malformation, and 517 with Hirschsprung's disease) from 264 hospitals (89 in high-income countries, 166 in middle-income countries, and nine in low-income countries) in 74 countries. Of the 3849 patients, 2231 (58·0%) were male. Median gestational age at birth was 38 weeks (IQR 36–39) and median bodyweight at presentation was 2·8 kg (2·3–3·3). Mortality among all patients was 37 (39·8%) of 93 in low-income countries, 583 (20·4%) of 2860 in middle-income countries, and 50 (5·6%) of 896 in high-income countries (p<0·0001 between all country income groups). Gastroschisis had the greatest difference in mortality between country income strata (nine [90·0%] of ten in low-income countries, 97 [31·9%] of 304 in middle-income countries, and two [1·4%] of 139 in high-income countries; p≤0·0001 between all country income groups). Factors significantly associated with higher mortality for all patients combined included country income status (low-income vs high-income countries, risk ratio 2·78 [95% CI 1·88–4·11], p<0·0001; middle-income vs high-income countries, 2·11 [1·59–2·79], p<0·0001), sepsis at presentation (1·20 [1·04–1·40], p=0·016), higher American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score at primary intervention (ASA 4–5 vs ASA 1–2, 1·82 [1·40–2·35], p<0·0001; ASA 3 vs ASA 1–2, 1·58, [1·30–1·92], p<0·0001]), surgical safety checklist not used (1·39 [1·02–1·90], p=0·035), and ventilation or parenteral nutrition unavailable when needed (ventilation 1·96, [1·41–2·71], p=0·0001; parenteral nutrition 1·35, [1·05–1·74], p=0·018). Administration of parenteral nutrition (0·61, [0·47–0·79], p=0·0002) and use of a peripherally inserted central catheter (0·65 [0·50–0·86], p=0·0024) or percutaneous central line (0·69 [0·48–1·00], p=0·049) were associated with lower mortality.
Unacceptable differences in mortality exist for gastrointestinal congenital anomalies between low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries. Improving access to quality neonatal surgical care in LMICs will be vital to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 3.2 of ending preventable deaths in neonates and children younger than 5 years by 2030.
Wellcome Trust.

Bonakdari, H., I. Ebtehaj, A. H. Azimi, P. Samui, A. A. Sattar, A. Jamali, S. H. A. Talesh, A. Mosavi, and B. Gharabaghi, "Pareto design of multiobjective evolutionary neuro-fuzzy system for predicting scour depth around bridge piers", Water Engineering Modeling and Mathematic Tools, pp. 491 - 517, 2021. Abstract
Hadi, A. A., A. W. Mohamed, and K. M. Jambi, "Single-Objective Real-Parameter Optimization: Enhanced LSHADE-SPACMA Algorithm", Heuristics for Optimization and Learning, Cham, Springer International Publishing, pp. 103 - 121, 2021. Abstract

Hadi, Anas A.Mohamed, Ali W.Jambi, Kamal M.Real parameter optimization is one of the active research fields during the last decade. The performance of LSHADE-SPACMALSHADE was competitive in IEEE CEC’2017 competition on Single Objective Bound Constrained Real-Parameter Single Objective Optimization. Besides, it was ranked fourth among twelve papers were presented on and compared to this new benchmark problems. In this work, an improved version named ELSHADE-SPACMASPACMA is introduced. In LSHADE-SPACMA, p value that controls the greediness of the mutation strategy is constant. While in ELSHADE-SPACMAESHADE, p value is dynamic. Larger value of p will enhance the exploration, while smaller values will enhance the exploitation. We further enhanced the performance of ELSHADE-SPACMA by integrating another directed mutation strategy within the hybridization framework. The proposed algorithm has been evaluated using IEEE CEC’2017 benchmark. According to the comparison results, the proposed ELSHADE-SPACMA algorithm is better than LSHADE and LSHADE-SPACMA. Besides, The comparison results between ELSHADE-SPACMA and the best three algorithms from the IEEE CEC’2017 Competition indicate that ELSHADE-SPACMA algorithm shows overall better performance and it is highly competitive algorithm for solving global optimization problems.

Hasan, M. M., B. M. Alharbi, H. A. S. Alhaithloul, A. M. Abdulmajeed, S. M. Alghanem, A. A. M. Al-Mushhin, M. S. Jahan, F. J. Corpas, X. - W. Fang, and M. H. Soliman, "Spermine-Mediated Tolerance to Selenium Toxicity in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Depends on Endogenous Nitric Oxide Synthesis", Antioxidants, vol. 10, issue 11, pp. 1835, 2021. AbstractWebsite

Excess selenium (Se) causes toxicity, and nitric oxide (NO)’s function in spermine (Spm)-induced tolerance to Se stress is unknown. Using wheat plants exposed to 1 mM sodium selenate—alone or in combination with either 1 mM Spm, 0.1 mM NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) or 0.1 mM NO scavenger cPTIO—the potential beneficial effects of these compounds to palliate Se-induced stress were evaluated at physiological, biochemical and molecular levels. Se-treated plants accumulated Se in their roots (92%) and leaves (95%) more than control plants. Furthermore, Se diminished plant growth, photosynthetic traits and the relative water content and increased the levels of malondialdehyde, H2O2, osmolyte and endogenous NO. Exogenous Spm significantly decreased the levels of malondialdehyde by 28%, H2O2 by 37% and electrolyte leakage by 42%. Combined Spm/NO treatment reduced the Se content and triggered plant growth, photosynthetic traits, antioxidant enzymes and glyoxalase systems. Spm/NO also upregulated MTP1, MTPC3 and HSP70 and downregulated TaPCS1 and NRAMP1 (metal stress-related genes involved in selenium uptake, translocation and detoxification). However, the positive effects of Spm on Se-stressed plants were eliminated by the NO scavenger. Accordingly, data support the notion that Spm palliates selenium-induced oxidative stress since the induced NO elicits antioxidant defence upregulation but downregulates Se uptake and translocation. These findings pave the way for potential biotechnological approaches to supporting sustainable wheat crop production in selenium-contaminated areas.

Ali, M. M., K. Jeddi, M. S. Attia, S. M. Elsayed, M. Yusuf, M. S. Osman, M. H. Soliman, and K. Hessini, "Wuxal amino (Bio stimulant) improved growth and physiological performance of tomato plants under salinity stress through adaptive mechanisms and antioxidant potential", Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 28, issue 6, pp. 3204 - 3213, 2021. Abstract
Eraky, M., K. Jin, Q. Zhang, Z. Zhang, P. Ai, and M. Elsayed, "Acidogenic biorefinery of rice straw for volatile fatty acids production via sequential two-stage fermentation: Effects of pre-treatments", Environmental Technology & Innovation, vol. 23, issue 101686, 2021.
Rehman, H. U., X. Yan, M. A. Abdelbaky, M. U. Jan, and S. Iqbal, "An advanced virtual synchronous generator control technique for frequency regulation of grid-connected PV system", International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 125, pp. 106440, 2021.
Mohamed, M., I. El-Sabagh, Y. Vashie, V. Jagrite, M. A. E. Salem, M. A. Al-Ramadan, A. M. Al-Ali, and S. Kumar, "Analysis of the beak and feather disease viral genome indicates evidence of multiple introduction events into Saudi Arabia", Virus Research, vol. 295, pp. 198279, 2021.