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Web Article
Isaac, S. K., "Awakening Inter-Regionalism? The EU and Regional Arab Organizations Post 2011", GR:EEN Working Paper Series, No. 49, 2014.
Ibrahim, M. A. E., and H. D. Kalfallah, "Effect of Instructions for Mothers Regarding Weaning on Their Infants Complains", IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science (IOSR-JNHS) e- ISSN: 2320–1959.p- ISSN: 2320–1940 Volume 7, Issue 3 Ver. III (May-June .2018), PP 31-42 www.iosrjournals.org, Submitted. e0703033142_3.pdf
Isaac, S. K., "The EU's Democracy-Stability Dilemma Persists in Egypt", e-International Relations, 2013.
Isaac, S. K., and H. E. Kares, "The European Community Framing of the Mediterranean 1970-1990", Medreset Working Paper no.1, Rome, Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), 2017.
Rashwan, S. S., A. H. Irahim, T. W. Abou-Arab, M. A. Nemitallah, and M. A. Habib, Experimental study of atmospheric partially premixed oxy-combustion flames anchored over a perforated plate burner, , 2017.
Isaac, S. K., "A Quest for Political Stability or Regional Prestige? The Centrality of the Gulf Role in Arab Revolutions Countries", Analysis no. 177, Milan: Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale , 2013.
Gamal, A. M., A. M. H. Ibrahim, E. S. Mahdi, F. E. Mahallawy, A. Abdelhafez, M. A. Nemitallah, S. S. Rashwan, and M. A. Habib, "Structure and Lean Extinction of Premixed Flames Stabilized on Conductive Perforated Plates", Structure and Lean Extinction of Premixed Flames Stabilized on Conductive Perforated Plates, 2017.
Isaac, S. K., "Understanding the Breadth of the US-Egyptian Discord", Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale, 2014.
Unpublished
Thesis
Nassar, A., K. Karam, A. El-Sayed, R. Ibrahim, G. Zayed, and S. Eltamimi, 2G & 3G Consistency Check Tool (SPOT), , Giza, Cairo University, 2013. Abstract

SPOT is a network optimization tool that performs Consistency Checks for both 2G and 3G Communication systems in mobile operators providing the ability to expand and work on new technologies such as the LTE based 4G system. The network optimization tool SPOT is done in cooperation with Vodafone Egypt, it aims at providing an automated tool that keeps hundreds of thousands of parameters under control all the time saving tons of precious working hours, saving manpower, and helping engineers to automatically keep track of the network at any time. It can also operate offline which makes it easy to be used anywhere. Having this tool in hands, engineers will no longer have to go through the long process of checks to conclude the network status in any area to get the defects, "SPOT" does this whole job in a few seconds and provides a simple way to store the results on the personal computer or even share them via e-mail. The tool doesn't just spot the defect and show it to the optimizer, but rather a future update of the tool will send a detailed report to the specialized team after generating the correct script needed to fix the errors in the network providing the ability to send the script through email easily. Apart from keeping track of such a massive amount of parameters, SPOT also performs many of the network optimizers' everyday jobs by providing 4 different relations checks for the 2G system with just a single click, and other 8 different relations mismatches for the 3G system and other fixed and customizable rules to prevent the errors caused by missing cell definitions and eventually improve the handover success rate and reduce the call drop rate, thus improving the GSM and CDMA network quality and the user experience. The tool is to be used by network optimizers in mobile operators on a daily basis, as it helps minimize the everyday repetitive work and keeps the system under control 24/7 spotting the errors anywhere on the system before experiencing a network failure, without the need for the dive testing process that takes time and consumes money. All results can be exported as Excel files to be sent to the proper sub-technology department responsible for taking action. The user-friendly frontend has been coded in java which makes it accessible for all kinds of computers. The tool is totally customizable giving the optimizer the space to check whichever rule he believes could better serve the network besides the built-in default settings. To conclude, simplicity and speed are what define "SPOT".

Nassar, A., K. Karam, A. El-Sayed, R. Ibrahim, G. Zayed, and S. Eltamimi, 2G & 3G Consistency Check Tool (SPOT), , Giza, Cairo University, 2013. Abstract

SPOT is a network optimization tool that performs Consistency Checks for both 2G and 3G Communication systems in mobile operators providing the ability to expand and work on new technologies such as the LTE based 4G system. The network optimization tool SPOT is done in cooperation with Vodafone Egypt, it aims at providing an automated tool that keeps hundreds of thousands of parameters under control all the time saving tons of precious working hours, saving manpower, and helping engineers to automatically keep track of the network at any time. It can also operate offline which makes it easy to be used anywhere. Having this tool in hands, engineers will no longer have to go through the long process of checks to conclude the network status in any area to get the defects, "SPOT" does this whole job in a few seconds and provides a simple way to store the results on the personal computer or even share them via e-mail. The tool doesn't just spot the defect and show it to the optimizer, but rather a future update of the tool will send a detailed report to the specialized team after generating the correct script needed to fix the errors in the network providing the ability to send the script through email easily. Apart from keeping track of such a massive amount of parameters, SPOT also performs many of the network optimizers' everyday jobs by providing 4 different relations checks for the 2G system with just a single click, and other 8 different relations mismatches for the 3G system and other fixed and customizable rules to prevent the errors caused by missing cell definitions and eventually improve the handover success rate and reduce the call drop rate, thus improving the GSM and CDMA network quality and the user experience. The tool is to be used by network optimizers in mobile operators on a daily basis, as it helps minimize the everyday repetitive work and keeps the system under control 24/7 spotting the errors anywhere on the system before experiencing a network failure, without the need for the dive testing process that takes time and consumes money. All results can be exported as Excel files to be sent to the proper sub-technology department responsible for taking action. The user-friendly frontend has been coded in java which makes it accessible for all kinds of computers. The tool is totally customizable giving the optimizer the space to check whichever rule he believes could better serve the network besides the built-in default settings. To conclude, simplicity and speed are what define "SPOT".

Nassar, A., K. Karam, A. El-Sayed, R. Ibrahim, G. Zayed, and S. Eltamimi, 2G & 3G Consistency Check Tool (SPOT), , Giza, Cairo University, 2013. Abstract

SPOT is a network optimization tool that performs Consistency Checks for both 2G and 3G Communication systems in mobile operators providing the ability to expand and work on new technologies such as the LTE based 4G system. The network optimization tool SPOT is done in cooperation with Vodafone Egypt, it aims at providing an automated tool that keeps hundreds of thousands of parameters under control all the time saving tons of precious working hours, saving manpower, and helping engineers to automatically keep track of the network at any time. It can also operate offline which makes it easy to be used anywhere. Having this tool in hands, engineers will no longer have to go through the long process of checks to conclude the network status in any area to get the defects, "SPOT" does this whole job in a few seconds and provides a simple way to store the results on the personal computer or even share them via e-mail. The tool doesn't just spot the defect and show it to the optimizer, but rather a future update of the tool will send a detailed report to the specialized team after generating the correct script needed to fix the errors in the network providing the ability to send the script through email easily. Apart from keeping track of such a massive amount of parameters, SPOT also performs many of the network optimizers' everyday jobs by providing 4 different relations checks for the 2G system with just a single click, and other 8 different relations mismatches for the 3G system and other fixed and customizable rules to prevent the errors caused by missing cell definitions and eventually improve the handover success rate and reduce the call drop rate, thus improving the GSM and CDMA network quality and the user experience. The tool is to be used by network optimizers in mobile operators on a daily basis, as it helps minimize the everyday repetitive work and keeps the system under control 24/7 spotting the errors anywhere on the system before experiencing a network failure, without the need for the dive testing process that takes time and consumes money. All results can be exported as Excel files to be sent to the proper sub-technology department responsible for taking action. The user-friendly frontend has been coded in java which makes it accessible for all kinds of computers. The tool is totally customizable giving the optimizer the space to check whichever rule he believes could better serve the network besides the built-in default settings. To conclude, simplicity and speed are what define "SPOT".

Ibrahim, A. M. N. A., 3-Dimentional Ultrasound Imaging For Medical Telesonography: Algorithms and Architectures, , Lausanne, The Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne ( EPFL), 2018.
ElGhawaby, H. S. H., M. S. A. ElFatah, and M. F. Ibrahim, Accuracy of MDCT in preoperative local staging of colorectal carcinoma, , Cairo, Cairo, 2014.
Ibrahim, F. A. M., Anesthetic considerations in high risk obstetric patients, , Giza, Cairo University, 2009.
Abou-Shady, H., Application of the Eikonal Expansion and Glauber theory to the nuclear reactions, , Cairo- Giza, Cairo University, 1997.
Mohamed, S. N. A., I. M. Ibrahim, and S. M. Younan, Assessment of Cognitive Functions and Some Markers of Synaptic Plasticity in Diabetic Rats, , Cairo, Cairo University, 2012. Abstract

Cognitive dysfunction is a common complication of diabetes mellitus however, less addressed and recognized. This study aimed to investigate the effect of type 1 and 2 diabetes on cognitive functions and related markers of hippocampal synaptic plasticity and the possible impact of blocking N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors by memantine. Seven rat groups were included in this study: non-diabetic, non-diabetic-memantine, type 1 diabetic groups: Untreated, treated with insulin alone and treated with insulin and memantine and type 2 diabetic groups: untreated and memantine treated. Cognitive functions were assessed by Morris Water Maze and passive avoidance test and immunohistochemistry was used for detection of hippocampus pre and post-synaptic markers: synaptophysin and postsynaptic density protein-95(PSD-95) respectively, learning and memory plasticity marker: activity regulated cytoskeletal associated protein (Arc) and the astrocytes reactivity marker: glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Both type 1 and 2 untreated diabetic groups showed significantly impaired cognitive performance with concomitant decrease in synaptophysin and PSD-95 compared to the non-diabetic group. In addition type 2 group showed a significant decrease in hippocampus GFAP and Arc compared to the non-diabetic group. Treating type 1 diabetic group with insulin alone significantly improved cognitive performance and PSD-95 and significantly decreased GFAP and Arc compared to untreated type 1 group. Blocking NMDA receptors by memantine (30 mg/kg/day) for 3 weeks significantly increased cognitive performance, synaptophysin, GFAP and Arc in type 1 insulin-memantine group compared to type 1-insulin
group and significantly increased synaptophysin, PSD-95 and Arc in type 2-memantine group compared to untreated type 2 diabetic group. In conclusion, cognitive functions are impaired in both types of diabetes mellitus and can be improved by blockage of NMDA receptors which may spark future therapeutic role of these receptors in diabetes-associated cognitive dysfunction.

Mohamed, S. N. A., I. M. Ibrahim, and S. M. Younan, Assessment of Cognitive Functions and Some Markers of Synaptic Plasticity in Diabetic Rats, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2013. Abstractshaimaa_nasr_amin_mohamed.pdf

Cognitive dysfunction is a common complication of diabetes mellitus
however, less addressed and recognized. This study aimed to investigate the
effect of type 1 and 2 diabetes on cognitive functions and related markers of
hippocampal synaptic plasticity and the possible impact of blocking Nmethyl-
d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors by memantine. Seven rat groups
were included in this study: non-diabetic, non-diabetic-memantine, type 1
diabetic groups: Untreated, treated with insulin alone and treated with
insulin and memantine and type 2 diabetic groups: untreated and
memantine treated. Cognitive functions were assessed by Morris Water
Maze and passive avoidance test and immunohistochemistry was used for
detection of hippocampus pre and post-synaptic markers: synaptophysin
and postsynaptic density protein-95(PSD-95) respectively, learning and
memory plasticity marker: activity regulated cytoskeletal associated protein
(Arc) and the astrocytes reactivity marker: glial fibrillary acidic protein
(GFAP). Both type 1 and 2 untreated diabetic groups showed significantly
impaired cognitive performance with concomitant decrease in
synaptophysin and PSD-95 compared to the non-diabetic group. In addition
type 2 group showed a significant decrease in hippocampus GFAP and Arc
compared to the non-diabetic group. Treating type 1 diabetic group with
insulin alone significantly improved cognitive performance and PSD-95
and significantly decreased GFAP and Arc compared to untreated type 1
group. Blocking NMDA receptors by memantine (30 mg/kg/day) for 3
weeks significantly increased cognitive performance, synaptophysin, GFAP
and Arc in type 1 insulin-memantine group compared to type 1-insulin
Best Theses Awards, Cairo University (BTACU)
Information System Unit - 4 -
group and significantly increased synaptophysin, PSD-95 and Arc in type 2-
memantine group compared to untreated type 2 diabetic group. In conclusion,
cognitive functions are impaired in both types of diabetes mellitus and can be
improved by blockage of NMDA receptors which may spark future therapeutic
role of these receptors in diabetes-associated cognitive dysfunction.

Elawar, A., G. Sayed, N. Ibrahim, and W. Abdelrahman, Assessment of metabolic syndrome in rheumatoid arthritis patients and its realtion to disease activity, , Cairo, Cairo university, In Press.
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