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Mora, B., D. Guldbrand, S. Fumagalli, P. M. Azcarate, H. Rus, T. Erdei, M. Cameli, S. Nistri, K. Hristova, B. Ivanovic, et al., "", European Heart Journal-Cardiovascular Imaging, vol. 11, no. suppl 2: The Oxford University Press, pp. ii124–ii154, 2010. Abstract
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Mora, B., D. Guldbrand, S. Fumagalli, P. M. Azcarate, H. Rus, T. Erdei, M. Cameli, S. Nistri, K. Hristova, B. Ivanovic, et al., "", European Heart Journal-Cardiovascular Imaging, vol. 11, no. suppl 2: The Oxford University Press, pp. ii124–ii154, 2010. Abstract
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Mansour, R., A. Nada, W. El-Khayat, A. Abdel-Hak, and H. Inany, " A simple and relatively painless technique for hysterosalpingography, using a thin catheter and closing the cervix with the vaginal speculum: a pilot study", Postgraduate Medical Journal, vol. 87 , issue 1029, pp. 468-471, 2011.
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El-Shalofy, A. S., A. R. Moawad, G. M. Darwish, S. T. Ismail, A. B. A. Badawy, and M. R. Badr, " Effect of different vitrification solutions and cryodevices on viability and subsequent development of buffalo oocytes vitrified at the germinal vesicle (GV) stage", Cryobiology, vol. 74, pp. 86-92, 2017.
Refai, M., M. Awad, H. Hammam, S. Ibrahim, and A. Mehanna, " Evaluation of locally prepared rose bengal plate and buffered acidified plate antigens of Brucella abortus.", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , vol. 50, issue 1, pp. 216-227-, 1990. evaluation_of_locally_prepared.pdf
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Sami, R. M., A. S. Nasr, N. Y. Ibrahim, D. O. Darweesh, and N. E. M. Hussieny, " Association of IL-10 gene promoter polymorphism and non-Hodgkin lymphoma in Egyptian patients, relation to susceptibility, correlation with survival.", Comparative clinical pathology., vol. online 26 july 2011, pp. 1-9, 2011. il_10_papercomparative_clinical_pathology.pdf
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Saneoka, H., S. Ishiguro, and R. E. A. Moghaieb, " Effect of salinity and abscisic acid on accumulation of glycinebetaine and betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase mRNA in Sorghum leaves (< i> Sorghum bicolor)", Journal of plant physiology , vol. 158, issue 7, pp. 853-859, 2001.
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Hassan, M. A., N. Y. A. Ibrahim, and D. O. Darwish, " Glioblastoma Multiforme . Long Term Survivors (Single Institution Experience)", Pan Arab Journal Of Oncology, vol. 2, Issue 1, Jan 2009, 2009. gm1.doc
Ismail, K. M., Z. M. Khalifa, and W. A. Badawy, " “Optimization of the Electropolymerization and Electrochemical Response of Poly (1-Amino-9,10- Anthraquinone) Films”. ", Biannual conference on chemistry, Cairo Univ.,Faculty of Sci., Chem.02, 4-7 March, 2002., Cairo Univ.,Faculty of Sci., Chem.02, 4 March, 2002.
Badawy, W. A., K. M. Ismail, and A. M. Fathi, " “Effect of Ni content on the Corrosion Behaviour of Cu-Ni Alloys in Neutral Chloride Solutions”; ", Electrochim. Acta, vol. 35, pp. 879 -888, 2005.
Ismail, K. M., A. M. Fathi, and W. A. Badawy, " “Electrochemical behavior of Cu-Ni alloys in sulphate solutions”", 21st Annual Egyptian Corrosion Soceity Conference, Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt,17-20 December 2002, Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt,, 17 December , 2002.
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Badawy, W. A., S. S. El-Egamy, and K. M. Ismail, " "Comparative Study of Tantalum and Titanium Passive Films by Electrochemical Impedanc Spectroscopy".", British Corrosion J, vol. 28, pp. 133, 1993.
Badawy, W. A., A. - F. M. Kharafi, and K. M. Ismail, " "Corrosion and Passivation of Al and Some Al-alloys - EIS Investigation ". ", Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Passivity, Aug. 21-26 (1994), Clausthal, Germany . , Clausthal, Germany, 21 August , 1994.
and S. S. El-Egamy, K. I. B. M. W. A., K. M. Ismail, and W. A. Badawy, " “Corrosion Behaviour of Copper in Acidic Nitrate Solutions“. ", Corrosion Prevention and Control, , vol. 51, pp. 89, 2004.
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Badawy, W. A., and K. M. Ismail, " "Stability of Titanium and Its Passive Films in Acidic and Neutral Solutions - EIS Investigations". ", Ind. J. Chem. Tech., vol. 2, pp. 93, 1995.
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Ismael, G., and A. E. Hassanien, " Moth-flame swarm optimization with Neutrosophic sets for automatic mitosis detection in breast cancer histology images, ", Applied Intelligence, 2017, 2017. AbstractWebsite

This paper presents an automatic mitosis detection approach of histopathology slide imaging based on using neutrosophic sets (NS) and moth-flame optimization (MFO). The proposed approach consists of two main phases, namely candidate’s extraction and candidate’s classification phase. At candidate’s extraction phase, Gaussian filter was applied to the histopathological slide image and the enhanced image was mapped into the NS domain. Then, morphological operations have been implemented to the truth subset image for more enhancements and focus on mitosis cells. At candidate’s classification phase, several features based on statistical, shape, texture and energy features were extracted from each candidate. Then, a principle of the meta-heuristic MFO algorithm was adopted to select the best discriminating features of mitosis cells. Finally, the selected features were used to feed the classification and regression tree (CART). A benchmark dataset consists of 50 histopathological images was adopted to evaluate the performance of the proposed approach. The adopted dataset consists of five distinct breast pathology slides. These slides were stained with H&E acquired by Aperio XT scanners with 40-x magnification. The total number of mitoses in 50 database images is 300, which were annotated by an expert pathologist. Experimental results reveal the capability of the MFO feature selection algorithm for finding the optimal feature subset which maximizing the classification performance compared to well-known and other meta-heuristic feature selection algorithms. Also, the high obtained value of accuracy, recall, precision and f-score for the adopted dataset prove the robustness of the proposed mitosis detection and classification approach. It achieved overall 65.42 % f-score, 66.03 % recall, 65.73 % precision and accuracy 92.99 %. The experimental results show that the proposed approach is fast, robust, efficient and coherent. Moreover, it could be used for further early diagnostic suspicion of breast cancer.

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Labib JR, A. - H. H, I. SK, and A. E. F. S. A. M. S. M. R. A. A. A. Ismail MM, Sleem HM, " Diagnostic indicator of acute lung injury for pediatric critically ill patients at a tertiary pediatric hospital. ", Medicine, vol. 97, issue 10, 2018.
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Ibrahim, M., Noha A. Saleh, W. M. Elshemey, and Anwar A. Elsayed, " "Hexapeptide Functionality of Cellulose as NS3 Protease Inhibitors", Protease Inhibitors", ", Medicinal Chemistry,, vol. 8, pp. 826-830, 2012.
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Ismail, M., W. M. Seif, A. Y. Ellithi, and A. S. Hashem, " (A=10)-Accompanied Spontaneous Ternary Fission of Californium", Canadian Journal of Physics, 2013, 91(5): 401-410, vol. 91, issue 5, pp. 401, 2013.
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Ibrahim, Y., and R. Hassan, " A revolutionary crowd model: Implemented to contrast oscillating to consistent media influence on crowd behavior", Simul. Trans. Soc. Model. Simul. Int., vol. 93, issue 11, pp. 951–971, 2017.
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Ismail, M. M., and M. M. A. Hassan, " Artificial Neural Network Based Approach Compared With Stochastic Modelling For Electrical Load Forecasting", 5th International Conference On Modelling, Identification And Control, , Giza, Egypt, , 31st Aug. 2013.
Amin, N. M., A. Raafat, M. A. M. Ismail, A. Elkazaz, and I. R. Abdel-Shafi, " ASSESSMENT OF FAECAL CALPROTECTIN LEVEL IN PAEDIATRIC AND GERIATRIC PATIENTS WITH CRYPTOSPORIDIOSIS ", J. Egypt. Soc. Parasitol. (JESP), vol. 52, issue 1, pp. 1-8, 2022. Abstract

Cryptosporidium parasite is one of the major causes of diarrhoea. Several parasites and host factors, including the Cryptosporidium genotype and the host immune status and age can influence the disease severity. In the present work the faecal calprotectin (FCAL) level was assessed in Cryptosporidium
infected patients, as a marker of intestinal inflammation in the paediatric and geriatric age groups, with correlation to Cryptosporidium genotype. Our results revealed that the prevalence of cryptosporidiosis in the geriatric patients was significantly higher than in the pediatric group. Genotyping revealed Cryp- tosporidium hominis as the frequently circulating species. Significantly high FCAL levels weredetect- ed in Cryptosporidium positive patients denoting the ongoing inflammatory process in cryptosporidio- sis. Additionally, FCAL levels were significantly greater in Cryptosporidium hominis compared to
Cryptosporidium parvum infection, while unaffected by age group. Further studies are needed to in- vestigate the impact of cryptosporidiosis in the elderly patients and to evaluate FCAL as a predictive marker of the disease outcome.
Keywords: Cryptosporidium, Genotypes, Faecal calprotectin, Children, Elderly

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