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Fouda, K. Z., A. A. Abdel-aziem, and W. T. Mansour, "Effect of Frequency Modulation versus Pulse Duration Modulation of Electrical Stimulation on Muscle Torque and Discomfort in Patients with Stroke", International Journal of Therapies and Rehabilitation Research, vol. 6, issue 1, pp. 148-155, 2017. ijtrr-2017-paper.pdf
Fouda, R., M. S. Soliman, M. G. ElAnany, M. Abadeer, and G. Soliman, "Prevalence and risk factors of MRSA, ESBL and MDR bacterial colonization upon admission to an Egyptian medical ICU.", Journal of infection in developing countries, vol. 10, issue 4, pp. 329-36, 2016 Apr 28. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Bacterial colonization of the skin and mucous membranes of intensive care unit (ICU) patients with virulent organisms such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producers, and multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (MDR-GNB) frequently results in life-threatening infections. Universal screening of ICU patients upon admission has been suggested. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the prevalence and pattern of MRSA, ESBL, and MDR-GNB colonization in patients upon admission to an Egyptian medical ICU, along with the related demographic and clinical risk factors.

METHODOLOGY: Throat, axillary, and groin swabs were obtained from all study participants in addition to rectal swabs from consenting patients. These swabs were screened for MRSA, ESBL, and MDR-GNB.

RESULTS: Of the patients included in the study, 33%, 13%, and 63% were colonized with ESBL, MDR-GNB, and MRSA organisms, respectively. Those suffering from a more severe disease with a simplified acute physiology score II (SAPS II) > 29 demonstrated higher levels of MDR-GNB colonization upon admission, while MDR-GNB or ESBL colonization upon admission was associated with higher ICU mortality.

CONCLUSIONS: Colonization of ICU patients with superbugs upon admission has an impact on outcome and mortality. In this Egyptian example, colonization rates were higher than in other literature reports, demonstrating the need for routine screening and decolonization, if applicable.

Fouda, A., H. Refai, M. and Rieth, and N. H. Mohammed., "LOW LEVEL LASER THERAPY VERSUS PULSED ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD FOR INACTIVATION OF MYOFASCIAL TRIGGER POINTS", American Journal of Research Communication. , vol. 1, issue (3), , pp. 11, 2013.
Fouda, R., H. Ammar, E. Sobhy, and A. M. Amin, "Unusual cause of pericardial effusion.", BMJ case reports, vol. 2012, 2012. Abstract

A 65-year-old Egyptian lady suffering from non-alcoholic liver cirrhosis was referred to our unit for evaluation of a massive pericardial effusion. Few weeks before presentation, she suffered from progressive abdominal distention and dyspnoea. She denied fever, rigors or other cardiorespiratory symptoms. Examination revealed shrunken liver, spleenomegaly and ascites. Chest was clear to auscultation and heart sounds were distant. Chest radiograph showed cardiomegaly and clear lung fields. Abdominal ultrasound confirmed the results of abdominal examination. Transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) revealed a massive pericardial effusion (PEF) and rheumatic mitral stenosis. Chest tomography showed PEF and clear lung fields. One litre of exudate was removed via TTE-guided needle pericardiocentesis. A pericardio-peritoneal shunt was suspected, which was confirmed via a radioisotopic study. This case is among very few cases that reported PEF in a cirrhotic ascetic patient secondary to a radio-isotopically confirmed pericardio-peritoneal shunt in the literature.

Fouda, M. E., and A. G. Radwan, "Charge controlled memristor-less memcapacitor emulator", Electronics letters, vol. 48, no. 23: IET Digital Library, pp. 1454–1455, 2012. Abstract
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Fouda, M. E., and A. G. Radwan, "On the mathematical modeling of memcapacitor bridge synapses", Microelectronics (ICM), 2014 26th International Conference on: IEEE, pp. 172–175, 2014. Abstract
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Fouda, U. M., A. M. Sayed, D. I. Ramadan, and I. M. Fouda, "Efficacy and safety of two doses of low molecular weight heparin (enoxaparin) in pregnant women with a history of recurrent abortion secondary to antiphospholipid syndrome.", Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol. 30, issue 8, pp. 842-6, 2010. Abstract

The aim of this randomised controlled trial was to compare efficacy and safety of two doses of low molecular weight heparin (enoxaparin) in pregnant women with a history of recurrent abortion secondary to antiphospholipid syndrome. A total of 60 women with a minimum of three consecutive abortions before 10 weeks' gestation and positive lupus anticoagulant and/or anticardiolipin antibodies on at least two occasions at least 12 weeks apart were randomised into two groups based on computer generated randomisation list concealed in opaque envelopes. Pregnant women were treated with enoxaparin 40 mg plus low dose aspirin (LDA) (n = 30) or enoxaparin 20 mg plus LDA (n = 30). The live birth rate was 76.67% in enoxaparin 40 mg group and 70% in enoxaparin 20 mg group (p value = 0.559). There were no significant differences between both groups with respect to neonatal outcome, obstetric and maternal complications during pregnancy or puerperium. No cases of severe bleeding, thrombocytopenia or spontaneous fractures were reported in both groups.

Fouda, M. A., R. M. Allam, F. M. Moftah, and R. A. M. El-Fetouh, "The Role of ID-NAT in Enhancing Blood Safety at the Egyptian National Cancer Institute - A 5 Year Experience", Journal of the Egyptian Society of Haematology & Research, vol. 14, issue 2, pp. 1-6, 2018.
Fouda, M. E., A. M. AbdElaty, A. S. Elwakil, A. G. Radwan, and A. M. Eltawil, "Programmable constant phase element realization with crossbar arrays", Journal of Advanced Research, vol. 29: Elsevier, pp. 137-145, 2021. Abstract
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Fouda, R., H. Ammar, R. Edward, W. M. Alnabawy, and I. M. Fouda, "Tuberculous pericarditis associated with hoarseness of voice due to left recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis.", BMJ case reports, vol. 2011, 2011. Abstract

A 16-years-old Egyptian girl presented with massive pericardial effusion, fever, weight loss and hoarseness of voice. Laryngoscopy showed left vocal cord paralysis. Chest CT revealed pericardial effusion, amalgamated mediastinal lymph nodes and clear lung fields. Pericardial fluid analysis revealed a lymphocytic exudate with high adenosine deaminase enzyme level, negative stains and cultures for bacteria and fungi. Despite a negative nucleic acid test for tuberculosis; antituberculous and corticosteroids therapies resulted in resolution of pericardial effusion after 3 weeks but hoarseness of voice persisted. Few cases of vocal cord paralysis with tuberculous mediastinal lymphadenopathy were reported in English literature.

Fouda, U. M., and A. M. Sayed, "Extended high dose letrozole regimen versus short low dose letrozole regimen as an adjuvant to gonadotropin releasing hormone antagonist protocol in poor responders undergoing IVF-ET.", Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology, vol. 27, issue 12, pp. 1018-22, 2011 Dec. Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of extended high dose letrozole regimen/HPuFSH-gonadotropin releasing hormone antagonist (GnRHant) protocol with short low dose letrozole regimen/HPuFSH-GnRHant protocol in poor responders undergoing IVF-ET.

METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 136 women who responded poorly to GnRH agonist long protocol in their first IVF cycle were randomized into two equal groups using computer generated list and were treated in the second IVF cycle by either extended letrozole regimen (5 mg/day during the first 5 days of cycle and 2.5 mg/day during the subsequent 3 days) combined with HPuFSH-GnRHant protocol or short letrozole regimen (2.5 mg/day from cycle day 3-7) combined with HPuFSH-GnRHant protocol.

RESULTS: There were no significant differences between both groups with regard to number of oocytes retrieved and clinical pregnancy rate (5.39 ± 2.08 vs. 5.20 ± 1.88 and 22.06% vs. 16.18%, respectively).The total gonadotropins dose and medications cost per cycle were significantly lower in extended letrozole group (44.87 ± 9.16 vs. 59.97 ± 14.91 ampoules and 616.52 ± 94.97 vs. 746.84 ± 149.21 US Dollars ($), respectively).The cost-effectiveness ratio was 2794 $ in extended letrozole group and 4616 $ in short letrozole group.

CONCLUSION: Extended letrozole regimen/HPuFSH-GnRHant protocol was more cost-effective than short letrozole regimen/HPuFSH-GnRHant protocol in poor responders undergoing IVF-ET.

Fouda, R., Y. Abdelhamid, D. Alsayed, S. Salah, D. Belal, M. Salem, and H. Ahmed, "Pulmonary Hypertension in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients on Conservative Treatment and on Dialysis. Relation to Nitric Oxide", African Journal of Nephrology, vol. 17, pp. 26-30, 2013. Abstract

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Fouda, M. E., A. AboBakr, A. S. Elwakil, A. G. Radwan, and A. M. Eltawil, "Simple MOS Transistor-Based Realization of Fractional-Order Capacitors", 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS): IEEE, pp. 1-4, 2019. Abstract
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Fouda, M. E., and A. G. Radwan, "Simple floating voltage-controlled memductor emulator for analog applications", Radioengineering, vol. 23, no. 3: Directory of Open Access Journals, pp. 944–948, 2014. Abstract
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Fouda, M. E., A. M. Eltawil, and F. Kurdahi, "On resistive memories: One step row readout technique and sensing circuitry", arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.01512, 2019. Abstract
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Fouda, M. E., and A. G. Radwan, "Simple Floating Voltage-Controlled Memductor Emulator for Analog Applications", Radioengineering, vol. 23, no. 3: Společnost pro radioelektronické inżen{\`y}rstv{\'ı, 2014. Abstract
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Fouda, M. Y., K. G. Abdel-Kader, and H. S. Sadek, "Role of bioceramic material as compared to MTA to induce regeneration in immature dog’s teeth with apical periodontitis.", Egyptian Dental Journal, vol. 60, issue 2, pp. 2409-2418, 2014.
Fouda, M. E., A. S. Elwakil, A. G. Radwan, and A. Allagui, "Power and energy analysis of fractional-order electrical energy storage devices", Energy, vol. 111: Pergamon, pp. 785–792, 2016. Abstract
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