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El-Dien, F. N. A., M. Koman, M. Melník, K. GyŐryová, and L. Findoráková, " Preparation, thermal decomposition, and crystal structure of Zn(II) 2-chlorobenzoate complex with nicotinamide", Journal of Coordination Chemistry , vol. 26 August , pp. 1-8, 2010.
Ebraheim, A. M., A. M. Reda, M. Farghaly, R. M. El-hoseiny, and S. E. Shafee, " Presymptomatic atherosclerosis: Association with cardiovascular risk factors and role of inflammatory mediators. ", Egypt J. Neurol. Psychiat. Neurosurg, vol. 50, issue 2, pp. 149-156, 2013.
Hamdi, S. A. H., and M. F. Fol, " Procambrus clarkii (Crustacea: Cambaridae) a biological control agent against four intermediate host snails in Egypt", Egypt. J. Exp. Biol.(Zool.), vol. 13, issue 2, pp. 193-199, 2017.
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hamada ahmed hamada, karima abdelaty hassan, hossam eldin fawaz, and Y. E. Mohamed, " Relationship between Quadriceps and femoral anteversion angles in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome", journal of medical science and clinical research, vol. 2, issue 9, pp. 2227-2235, 2014.
Fattouh, H., R. M. Mounir, and H. Abdelghany, " Repair of alveolar cleft defects using bone marrow aspirate in a resorbable matrix (clinical and radiographic study ) .", Cairo Dental Journal , vol. 29, issue number 2 part 3, pp. 935-939, 2013. 39.pdf
El-Beltagi, H. S., A. A. Farahat, A. A. Alsayed, and N. A. Mahfoud, " Response of Antioxidant Substances and Enzymes Activities as a Defense Mechanism Against Root-Knot Nematode Infection", Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, vol. 40, issue 1, pp. 132-142, 2012.
Khattab, Awad, E., Fadeel, D.A., and M. Fadel, " Reviewing the reported pharmacognostic and pharmacological investigations on Tecoma stans Juss. ex Kunth", Journal of HerbMed Pharmacology, , vol. 12 , issue (1), pp. ,25-40, 2023.
Fouda, U. M., M. A. M. ElKassem, S. M. Hefny, R. M. Fouda, and A. T. Hashem, " Role of fetal echocardiography in the evaluation of structure and function of fetal heart in diabetic pregnancies ", The Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, vol. 26, issue 6, pp. 571–575 , 2013. Abstract

Objective: To detect the structural and functional changes of fetal hearts in diabetic pregnancies by using Doppler echocardiography. Methods: This prospective study included 119 pregnant women divided into three groups. Group 1 included 47 pregnant patients with pre-existing diabetes mellitus (DM), group 2 included 40 patients with gestational diabetes and group 3 included 32 non-diabetic pregnant women. M-mode echocardiography was used to measure the thickness of the fetal ventricular walls and interventricular septum. The mitral and tricuspid early (E) and late (A) diastolic velocities and the ventricular shortening fraction were measured. Results: HbA1c % was significantly lower in gestational diabetes group compared with the pre-existing diabetes group. The interventricular septum was significantly thicker in the pre-existing diabetes group compared with other groups. Tricuspid and mitral E/A ratios were significantly lower in the pre-existing diabetes group compared with gestational diabetes and control groups. Moreover, there were no significant differences in the tricuspid and mitral E/A ratios between gestational diabetes group and the control group. The right and left ventricular shortening fractions were similar in the three groups. Conclusion: Fetuses of women with well-controlled gestational diabetes lack the diastolic dysfunction that is present in fetuses of women with pre-existing diabetes

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Fahmy, M. M., " Scanning electron microscopy on the 3rd. larval stage of Cephalopina titil¬lator fly (Diptera: Oestridae). ", J. Drug Res. Egypt., vol. 20 , issue 1&2, pp. 65-73., 1991.
Kandeel, A., M. Abougabal, T. Hegazy, M. Alshawadfy, M. Fahmy, and K. Kassem, " Scintigraphic evaluation of gastric emptying after greater curvature plication in comparison with sleeve gastrectomy and its impact on short-term weight loss", Journal of Nuclear Medicine , vol. 59 , issue supplement 1, pp. 1581-1581, 2018.
Kav, G. S., R. Sharma, A. Agarwal, N. Parekh, R. Finelli, R. Shah, H. Kandil, R. Saleh, M. Arafa, E. Ko, et al., " Share A Comprehensive Guide to Sperm Recovery in Infertile Men with Retrograde Ejaculation.", World Journal of Men's Health, vol. 40, issue 2, pp. 208-216, 2022.
Omar, H. M., M. Nisreen Ezz El-Dien, and M. M. Fahmy, " Short communication: Cryptosporidiosis in African ostrich (Struthio camelus). ", Assuit Vet. Med. J. , vol. 40 , issue 79, pp. 250-253., 1998.
Farid, A., Refai, M., M. El-Shinnawy, and H. Badr, " Spectrum of Escherichia coli agglutinins in dams serum, colostrum and calf serum in Fresian cows and buffaloes in Egypt. ", Zbl. Bakt. Hyg. I., Abt. Orig. A , vol. 245, , pp. 262-268 , 1979. spectrum_of_e._coli_agg.pdf
Farag, R. S.;, G. S.; EL-Baroty, N. Abd EL-Aziz, and A. Basuny, " Stabilization of olive oil by microwave heating .", .Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. , vol. 48, pp. 365-371, 1997.
Farid, A., M. Ibrahim, and M. Refai, " Studies on colibacillosis in calves in Egypt. II. Incidence of E. coli serogroups. ", Zbl. Vet. Med. , vol. 23, , pp. 44-48 , 1975. colibacillosis_in_calves_ii_incidence.pdf
Farid, A., M. Hatem, and M. Refai, " Studies on purification and selective isolation of leptospira. ", Castellania , vol. 5, , pp. 39-41 , 1977. purification_and_selective_isolation_of_leptospira.pdf
Fahmy, M. M., K. Ashmawy, and H. M. Omar, " Studies on the pupation period of the nasal bot fly of Camel (Cephalopina titillator Clark, 1797 ) in Egypt", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass., vol. 45, issue 1, pp. 311-317, 1985.
Fahim, A. M., A. M. Farag, E. S. M. A. Yakout, G. A. M. Nawwar, and E. A. Ragab, " Sun degradation and synthesis of new antimicrobial and antioxidant utilising poly (ethylene terephthalate) waste", International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, vol. 22, issue 1-4, pp. 239-259, 2018. farag_int._j._environment_and_waste_management_2018.pdf
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Fahmy, H. M., M. M. Fathy, R. A. Abd-elbadia, and W. M. Elshemey, " Targeting of Thymoquinone-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles to different brain areas: In vivo study", Life sciences, vol. 222, pp. 94-102, 2019.
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Fahmy, H. M., M. Roshdy, and S. El-Wakil, " The Clinical Utility of LPL & ZAP-70 Expression in Assessment of Prognosis in Patients with B-cell CLL", The medical Journal of Cairo University , vol. 77, issue 1, 2009.
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El-Tamawy, M. S., T. Z. Tawfik, S. Fathy, R. J. Farid, S. M. Ahmed, G. A. Sleem, and Y. S. Kamal, " The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery", The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery, vol. 50, issue 2, pp. 195-198, 2013. Abstract2013502014.pdfWebsite

Background: Although Alzheimer’s (AD) dementia was considered to be the most common form of dementia, vascular cognitive impairment has been found to be more common than previously thought. Inflammatory cytokines has been proved to be related to both mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and vascular cognitive impairment (VCI). Objective: Find a difference in inflammatory cytokines between MCI and VCI and the possibility to use them as biomarkers to differentiate between them. Methods: Thirty-seven Egyptian patients with variable degree of cognitive impairment were included. Patients were primary selected using the mini-mental state examination. Patients were divided into two groups (MCI) and (VCI) by NINDS-AIREN criteria and MRI brain. Serum was analyzed for CRP, IL-1B, IL-6 and IL-16 and CSF analyzed for IL-1β, IL-6, IL-16. Results: No difference was found in proportion of patients with abnormally elevated serum level of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-16 and C-reactive protein (CRP) between both groups. IL-6 was found abnormally elevated in a higher proportion of patients with MCI compared to patients with VCI. Conclusion: IL-6 elevation in CSF of MCI may be used as a biomarker to differentiate it from VCI. [Egypt J Neurol Psychiat Neurosurg. 2013; 50(2): 195-198]
Key Words: Mild cognitive impairment, vascular cognitive impairment, cytokines, inteleukin-6.
Correspondence to Shereen Fathi, Department of Neurology, Cairo University, Egypt. Tel.: +201113022610 e-mail: shereenfathi@gmail.com

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Walid, Fabienne, Etienne, Emmanuel, Moussa, M. F. Aly, and Hammed, " The Paleoenvironmental conditions during the Late Aptian-Early Albian in the Essaouira-Agadir Basin (Morocco): evidence from sedimentology, calcareous nannofossils and stable isotope records", Paleontological Soc. Egypt.13 th Ann. Meeting., March, 2014.