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2023
Eliwa, A. S., M. A. Hefnawy, S. S. Medany, R. G. Deghadi, W. M. Hosny, and G. G. Mohamed, Synthesis and characterization of lead-based metal–organic framework nano-needles for effective water splitting application, , vol. 13, issue 1, pp. 12531, 2023. AbstractWebsite

Metal organic frameworks (MOFs) are a class of porous materials characterized by robust linkages between organic ligands and metal ions. Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) exhibit significant characteristics such as high porosity, extensive surface area, and exceptional chemical stability, provided the constituent components are meticulously selected. A metal–organic framework (MOF) containing lead and ligands derived from 4-aminobenzoic acid and 2-carboxybenzaldehyde has been synthesized using the sonochemical methodology. The crystals produced were subjected to various analytical techniques such as Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET), and thermal analysis. The BET analysis yielded results indicating a surface area was found to be 1304.27 m2 g−1. The total pore volume was estimated as 2.13 cm3 g−1 with an average pore size of 4.61 nm., rendering them highly advantageous for a diverse range of practical applications. The activity of the modified Pb-MOF electrode was employed toward water-splitting applications. The electrode reached the current density of 50 mA cm−2 at an overpotential of − 0.6 V (vs. RHE) for hydrogen evolution, and 50 mA cm−2 at an overpotential of 1.7 V (vs. RHE) for oxygen evolution.

Hammad, H. F., A. F. Darweesh, M. A. Abdelaziz, A. H. M. Elwahy, and I. A. Abdelhamid, "Synthesis of dihydropyridine, fused dihydropyridines and benzo [4, 5] imidazo [2, 1-b] quinazolines linked to ester and amide moieties via a benzene ring as new hybrid molecules", Synthetic Communications, vol. 53, issue 23: Taylor & Francis, pp. 1992 - 2001, 2023. Abstract

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Abdelwahab, R. E., A. F. Darweesh, M. A. Ragheb, I. A. Abdelhamid, and A. H. M. Elwahy, "Synthesis of New 2-(4-(1, 4-Dihydropyridin-4-yl) Phenoxy)-N-Arylacetamides and Their Heterocyclic-Fused Derivatives via Hantzsch-Like Reaction", Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, vol. 43, issue 3: Taylor & Francis, pp. 1974 - 1986, 2023. Abstract

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Diab, H. M., B. Elsayed, A. F. Darweesh, I. A. Abdelhamid, and A. H. M. Elwahy, "Synthesis of Novel Bis (Sulfanediyl) Bis (Tetrahydropyrimido [4, 5-b] Quinoline-4, 6-Diones) Linked to Butenyl and Butynyl Spacers via Thioether Linkages", Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds , vol. 43, issue 5: Taylor & Francis, pp. 4084 - 4102, 2023. Abstract

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Hammad, H. F., A. F. Darweesh, M. A. Abdelaziz, A. H. M. Elwahy, and I. A. Abdelhamid, "Synthesis of novel dihydropyridine, fused dihydropyridines, hexahydrobenzo [4, 5] imidazo [2, 1-b] quinazolines, and fused-pyrans linked to piprazine core via benzoyloxyacetyl likages as new hybrid molecules utilizing Michael, and Hantzsch reaction", Synthetic Communications, vol. 53, issue 16: Taylor & Francis, pp. 1305 - 1318, 2023. Abstract

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Diab, H. M., D. M. Mohamed, A. F. Darweesh, I. A. Abdelhamid, and A. H. M. Elwahy, "Synthesis of novel thiazole, imidazole, benzimidazole, and benzothiazole derivatives incorporating 2‐phenoxy‐N‐arylacetamide unit as novel hybrid molecules", Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry, vol. 60, issue 5: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Chichester, UK, pp. 754 - 767, 2023. Abstract

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Eliwa, A. S., M. A. Hefnawy, S. S. Medany, R. G. Deghadi, W. M. Hosny, and G. G. Mohamed, Ultrasonic-assisted synthesis of nickel metal-organic framework for efficient urea removal and water splitting applications, , vol. 294: Elsevier, pp. 117309, 2023. Abstract
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Ghani, M. I., J. Wang, P. Li, S. I. Pathan, T. A. Sial, R. Datta, A. Mokhtar, E. F. Ali, J. Rinklebe, S. M. Shaheen, et al., "Variations of soil organic carbon fractions in response to conservative vegetation successions on the Loess Plateau of China", International Soil and Water Conservation Research, vol. 11, issue 3, pp. 561 - 571, 2023. AbstractWebsite

Land use changes profoundly affect the equilibrium of soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration and greenhouse gas emissions. With the current global climatic changes, it is vital to understand the influence of ecological restoration and conservation management on the dynamics of SOC under different land uses, especially in erosion-endangered Loess soils. Therefore, we investigated changes in SOC through a suit of labile fractions, namely: light fraction organic C (LFOC), heavy fraction organic C (HFOC), coarse particulate organic C (CPOC), fine particulate organic C (FPOC), and dissolved organic C (DOC), from two forests i.e., Robinia pseudoacacia (RP) and Platycladus orientalis (PO), with different ages, in comparison with farmland (FL). The SOC and STN contents significantly increased over 42 years in the RP forest where the contents of CPOC and FPOC were significantly higher than in the FL. Moreover, total SOC and its labile fractions, in the studied land use types, significantly correlated with soil CaCO3, pH, and STN contents, indicating their key roles in SOC sequestration. The results reported here from different vegetation with different ages provide a better understanding of SOC and STN alterations at different stages of vegetation restoration. Our findings suggest that long-term natural vegetation restoration could be an effective approach for SOC sequestration and soil conservation on the Loess soil.

Mehanee, S. A., K. S. Essa, K. S. Soliman, and Z. E. Diab, " A fast imaging method for the interpretation of self-potential data with application to geothermal systems and mineral investigation", Scientific Reports, vol. 13, issue 1, pp. 13548, 2023.
Y, A. W., A. B. A. A. H. S. El-Tahawy NFG, W. N. N. Mohamed HA, and A. L. DA, " Rivastigmine ameliorates gentamicin experimentally induced acute renal toxicity", . Int Immunopharmacology, 2023.
Hammad, H. F., A. F. Darweesh, M. A. Abdelaziz, I. A. Abdelhamid, and A. H. M. Elwahy, "2-Oxo-2-(arylamino) ethyl 4-formylbenzoates: Aldehyde precursors for the synthesis of new 2-amino-3-cyano-1, 4-dihydropyrans.", ARKIVOC: Online Journal of Organic Chemistry, vol. 2023, 2023. Abstract
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Ahmed, M. H., A. AboHussien, A. El-Shafei, A. M. Darwish, and A. H. Abdel-gawad, "Active control of flexible rotors using deep reinforcement learning with application of multi-actor-critic deep deterministic policy gradient", Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, vol. 124: Elsevier, pp. 106593, 2023. Abstract
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Ruscitti, P., J. Sota, A. Vitale, G. Lopalco, F. Iannone, M. Morrone, H. A. M. Giardini, M. A. D'Agostin, I. P. de Brito Antonelli, and I. Almaghlouth, "The administration of methotrexate in patients with Still's disease,“real-life” findings from AIDA Network Still Disease Registry", Seminars in arthritis and rheumatism, vol. 62: WB Saunders, pp. 152244, 2023. Abstract
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Sheraba, N. S., H. Zedan, A. Hesham, M. Fawz, E. Diab, A. S. Yassin, and M. Abu-Elghait, "Advanced approaches for endotoxin detection and removal from snake antivenoms.", Toxicon, vol. 222, pp. 107003, 2023.
Darweish, E., H. M. Marzouk, Y. M. Fayez, and M. S. Eissa, "Advanced Spectrophotometric Resolution Techniques for a Spectrally Overlapping Spasmolytic Binary Mixture along with Dichloroaniline as a Toxic Impurity: Application to Content Uniformity Testing", Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL, vol. 106, issue 1, pp. 14-25, 2023.
Dabbous, AO, El Bohy, Z., Helal, A., and H. S. Hamdy, "Age effects on frequency amplitude ratio of cVEMP.", EJO, vol. 39, issue 28, pp. 1-12, 2023. age_effects_on_frequency_amplitude_ratio_of_cvemp.pdfWebsite
Hassan, S., S. S. Tahoun, M. Darwish, W. Bosworth, and A. E. Radwan, "The Albian–Cenomanian boundary on the southern Tethyan margin: Abu Gharadig Basin, Northern Western Desert, Egypt", Marine and Petroleum Geology, vol. 154, pp. 106334, 2023.
Eman Mumtaz El Mahdy, M. Gamal, B. E. Aboulhoda, B. A. A. Dreny, A. Shamaa, L. Rashed, A. N. E. Abd, and A. M. Shams Eldeen, "Amelioration of rotenone-induced Parkinson's disease; comparing therapeutic role of erythropoietin versus low-level laser activation of mesenchymal stem cells (an in-vivo and in-vitro study), ", Animal Cells and Systems Volume , vol. 27, issue 1, pp. 272-286, 2023.
Omar, A. R., A. A. Nour, and A. E. Dakrory, "Amelioration of silymarin against cadmium-induced toxicity in pregnant rats and their fetuses", Birth Defects Research, vol. 115, issue 3, pp. 1192–1207, 2023.
Omar, A. R., A. A. Nour, and A. E. Dakrory, "Amelioration of silymarin against cadmium-induced toxicity in pregnant rats and their fetuses", Birth Defects Research, vol. 115, 2023.
Donnelly, B. M., D. E. Smolar, A. A. Baig, M. A. R. Soliman, A. Monteiro, K. J. Gibbons, E. I. Levy, and K. V. Snyder, "Analysis of craniectomy bone flaps stored in a neurosurgical cryopreservation freezer: microorganism culture results and reimplantation rates.", Acta neurochirurgica, vol. 165, issue 11, pp. 3187-3195, 2023. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cryopreservation of bone flaps after decompressive craniectomies is a common practice. A frequent complication after bone flap reimplantation is postoperative infection, so culturing of frozen craniectomy bone flaps is a crucial practice that can prevent patient morbidity and mortality. Although many studies report on infection rates after cranioplasty, no study reports on the results of bone flaps stored in a cryopreservation freezer, reimplanted or otherwise. We sought to analyze the flaps in our medical center's bone bank freezer, including microorganism culture results and reimplantation rates of cryopreserved bone flaps.

METHODS: Patients who underwent craniectomy and had bone flaps cryopreserved between January 1, 2016, and July 1, 2022, were included in this retrospective study. Information about bone flap cultures and reimplantation or discard was obtained from a prospectively maintained cryopreservation database. Information including infection rates and mortality was acquired from a retrospective review of patient records. Culture results were obtained for all flaps immediately before cryopreservation and again at the time of reimplantation at the operator's discretion.

RESULTS: There were 148 bone flaps obtained from 145 patients (3 craniectomies were bilateral) stored in our center's freezer. Positive culture results were seen in 79 (53.4%) flaps. The most common microorganism genus was Propionibacterium with 47 positive flaps, 46 (97.9%) of which were P. acnes. Staphylococcus was the second most common with 23 positive flaps, of which 8 (34.8%) tested positive for S. epidermidis. Of the 148 flaps, 25 (16.9%) were reimplanted, 116 (78.4%) were discarded, and 7 (4.7%) are still being stored in the freezer. Postcranioplasty infections were seen in 3 (12%) patients who had flap reimplantation.

CONCLUSIONS: Considering the substantial number of positive cultures and limited reimplantation rate, we have reservations about the logistical efficiency of cryopreservation for flap storage. Future multicenter studies analyzing reimplantation predictors could help to reduce unnecessary freezing and culturing.

Atef, I., W. Ahmed, A. M. Senousi, M. Baraka, and W. Darwish, "Analysis of Urban Heat Island Phenomenon in Fayoum Governorate Using Google Earth Engine and Terra-MODIS Satellite Technology", 2023 2nd International Conference on Smart Cities 4.0, pp. 324-327, 2023. Abstract
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Atef, I., W. Ahmed, A. M. Senousi, M. Baraka, and W. Darwish, "Analysis of Urban Heat Island Phenomenon in Fayoum Governorate Using Google Earth Engine and Terra-MODIS Satellite Technology", 2023 2nd International Conference on Smart Cities 4.0: IEEE, pp. 324-327, 2023. Abstract
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Mao, J. Z., M. A. R. Soliman, B. A. Karamian, A. Khan, A. G. Fritz, N. Avasthi, S. DiMaria, B. R. Levy, T. E. O'Connor, G. Schroeder, et al., "Anatomical and Technical Considerations of Robot-Assisted Cervical Pedicle Screw Placement: A Cadaveric Study.", Global spine journal, vol. 13, issue 7, pp. 1992-2000, 2023. Abstract

STUDY DESIGN: Cadaver study.

OBJECTIVES: Assess the feasibility of robot-assisted cervical pedicle screw (RA-CPS) placement and understand the anatomical considerations of this technique.

METHODS: Four cadaver specimens free from bony pathology were acquired. Anatomical considerations, such as pedicle width (PW) and height (PH), transverse pedicle angle (TPA), and maximal screw length (MSL), were recorded from preoperative computational tomography (CT) scans. Intraoperative cone-beam CT was acquired and registered to the robotic system. After cervical levels were segmented, screw sizes and trajectories were planned, and RA-CPS were placed. Accuracy was assessed using Gertzbein and Robbin's classification on postoperative CT scans.

RESULTS: Thirty-five RA-CPS were placed. Major breaches (≥Grade C) occurred in 28.57% screws. Grade A or B accuracy was found in 71.43% of screws, with the most common direction of breach being medial (81.3%). The greatest proportion of breach per level occurred in the upper subaxial levels, (C3:71.4%, C4 66.6%, C5:50%) which had the smallest PW (C3: 4.34 ± .96 mm, C4: 4.48 ± .60, C5: 5.76 ± 1.11). PH was greatest at C2 (8.14 ± 1.89 mm) and ranged subaxial from 6.36 mm (C3) to 7.48 mm (C7). The mean PW was 5.37 mm and increased caudally from 4.34 mm (C3) to 6.31 mm (C7). The mean TPA was 39.9° and decreased moving caudally 46.9°) to C7 (34.4°). The MSL was 37.1 mm and increased from C2 (26.3 mm) to C7 (41.0 mm).

CONCLUSION: RA-CPS has the potential to be feasible, but technological and instrument modifications are necessary to increase the accuracy in the cervical region.

Abbas, A. A., and K. M. Dawood, "Anticancer therapeutic potential of benzofuran scaffolds", RSC Advances, vol. 13, pp. 11096–11120, 2023.
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