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Radwan, M. S., M. M. F. Abdalla, G. Fischbeck, A. A. Metwally, and D. S. Darwish, "Variation in Reaction of Faba Bean Lines to Different Accessions of Orobanche crenata Forsk.", Plant breeding, vol. 101, no. 3: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, pp. 208–216, 1988. Abstract
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Abd El Kader, A., H. Salama, A. R. Zekri, H. A. E. L. H. Marzouk, and S. E. Deeb, "variation of natural killer cells phenotype and activity in various stages of hepatitis c virus infection in Egyptian patients", EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, vol. 62, issue 10.112816/0009346, pp. 255-274, 2014.
Fischbeck, G., M. M. F. Abdalla, A. A. Metwally, and D. S. Darwish, "Variation of Vicia faba L. genotypes and populations of Orobanche crenata Forsk", Proc. 2nd Agron. Conf, vol. 2, pp. 489-514, 1986. Abstract
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FISCHBECK, G., A. B. D. A. L. L. A. M. E. T. W. A. L. L. Y. M. M. F. A. A., and D. S. Darwish, "Variation of Vicia faba L. genotypes and populations of Orobanche crenata Forsk.", Proc. 2nd Conf. Agron. Alex. Egypt., vol. 2, pp. 499–514, 1986. Abstract
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Dyab, W. M., A. A. Sakr, M. S. Ibrahim, and K. Wu, "Variational Analysis of a Dually Polarized Waveguide Skew Loaded by Dielectric Slab", IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters , 2020.
Hashem, A. M., R. W. Knackstedt, S. Bernard, M. Hendrickson, J. M. McBride, and R. Djohan, "Variations in the origins and absence of the common digital arteries of the hand: a cadaveric study.", The Journal of hand surgery, European volume, vol. 43, issue 10, pp. 1054-1058, 2018 Dec. Abstract

We studied anomalies of the common digital arteries by dissecting 33 fresh cadaver hands under magnification. In the majority of the dissected hands (25 hands), common digital arteries took off from the superficial palmar arch and ran superficial and parallel to the flexor tendons. Variations were found in eight out of 33 hands. In four hands the common digital artery to the second web space was replaced by an atypical vessel, originating from the deep palmar arch, that crossed posterior to the index flexor tendons proximal to the A1 pulley. In eight hands, the common digital artery to the fourth web space was replaced by an atypical deeper vessel, originating from the superficial palmar arch and crossing posterior to the little finger flexors. No nerve anomalies were identified. Unrecognized, these atypical arteries to the second and/or fourth web spaces could lead to vascular complications during surgery, especially pollicization.

Ghani, M. I., J. Wang, P. Li, S. I. Pathan, T. A. Sial, R. Datta, A. Mokhtar, E. F. Ali, J. Rinklebe, S. M. Shaheen, et al., "Variations of soil organic carbon fractions in response to conservative vegetation successions on the Loess Plateau of China", International Soil and Water Conservation Research, vol. 11, issue 3, pp. 561 - 571, 2023. AbstractWebsite

Land use changes profoundly affect the equilibrium of soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration and greenhouse gas emissions. With the current global climatic changes, it is vital to understand the influence of ecological restoration and conservation management on the dynamics of SOC under different land uses, especially in erosion-endangered Loess soils. Therefore, we investigated changes in SOC through a suit of labile fractions, namely: light fraction organic C (LFOC), heavy fraction organic C (HFOC), coarse particulate organic C (CPOC), fine particulate organic C (FPOC), and dissolved organic C (DOC), from two forests i.e., Robinia pseudoacacia (RP) and Platycladus orientalis (PO), with different ages, in comparison with farmland (FL). The SOC and STN contents significantly increased over 42 years in the RP forest where the contents of CPOC and FPOC were significantly higher than in the FL. Moreover, total SOC and its labile fractions, in the studied land use types, significantly correlated with soil CaCO3, pH, and STN contents, indicating their key roles in SOC sequestration. The results reported here from different vegetation with different ages provide a better understanding of SOC and STN alterations at different stages of vegetation restoration. Our findings suggest that long-term natural vegetation restoration could be an effective approach for SOC sequestration and soil conservation on the Loess soil.

Khaled, S. A., L. Dam´e, M. A. Semeida, M. Y. Amin, A. Ghitas, S. Yousef, and P. Stoeva, "VARIATIONS OF THE HYDROGEN LYMAN-ALPHA LINE THROUGHOUT SOLAR CYCLE 24 ON ESA/PROBA-2 AND SORCE/SOLSTICE DATA", Comptes rendus de l’Acad´emie bulgare des Sciences, vol. 73, issue 9, pp. 1260-1269, 2020. bhth_sfynz.pdf
Khaled, S. A., L. Dam´e, M. A. Semeida, M. Y. Amin, A. Ghitas, S. Yousef, and P. Stoeva, "VARIATIONS OF THE HYDROGEN LYMAN-ALPHA LINE THROUGHOUT SOLAR CYCLE 24 ON ESA/PROBA-2 AND SORCE/SOLSTICE DATA", Comptes rendus de l’Acad´emie bulgare des Sciences, vol. 73, issue 9, pp. 1260-1269, 2020.
Salum, G. M., N. G. Bader El Din, M. K. Ibrahim, M. A. Anany, R. M. Dawood, A. Khairy, and M. K. El Awady, "Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Expression in Hepatitis C Virus-Induced Liver Fibrosis: A Potential Biomarker.", Journal of interferon & cytokine research : the official journal of the International Society for Interferon and Cytokine Research, vol. 37, issue 7, pp. 310-316, 2017 Jul. Abstract

The major complication of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the induction of hepatic fibrosis. In this study, we investigated the correlation between the expression level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFA) at mRNA and protein levels and the progression of HCV-related liver fibrosis. One hundred twenty subjects were selected for this study: 15 controls and 105 chronic HCV patients with different fibrosis grades (44 F0-F1 and 61 F2-F4). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to measure VEGFA mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, while enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure the secreted VEGFA protein in serum. Both qRT-PCR and ELISA results showed that HCV patients have significantly higher VEGFA expression than that of controls (P = 0.036 and 0.043, respectively). Moreover, patients with late fibrotic stages (F2-F4) exhibited the highest levels of VEGFA mRNA and protein (P = 0.008 and 0.041, respectively) when compared with controls. An area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC of the ROC) for the circulatory VEGFA protein between HCV patients with fibrosis and healthy controls was 0.92 (P = 0.043). Our data suggest that VEGFA protein is a promising noninvasively diagnostic biomarker for HCV-induced liver fibrosis.

S, T., G. SM, N. M, N. N, L. D, S. I, and G. TA, "Vascular endothelial growth factor G1612A (rs10434) gene polymorphism and neuropsychiatric manifestations in systemic lupus erythematosus patients.", Rev Bras Reumatol, vol. 57, issue 2, pp. 149-153, 2017. Abstractfinal_accept_published_1-s2.0-s2255502116300980-main.pdfWebsite

Aim

To investigate the relation between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene polymorphism in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and lupus related neuropsychiatric manifestations.

Patients and methods

Sixty adult SLE patients recruited from the Rheumatology and Neurology departments of Cairo University hospitals were classified into two groups; Group A: 30 patients with neuropsychiatric manifestations (NPSLE) and Group B: 30 patients without. For both groups the SNP G1612A (rs10434) of the VEGF gene was genotyped by real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).

Results

Statistically significant difference was found in genotype and allele frequencies between both groups (AA [70% vs 13.3%, p < 0.001] and GG [10% vs 66.7%, p < 0.001]).

Conclusion

Polymorphism in the gene coding for VEGF may be associated with increased incidence of neuropsychiatric lupus in SLE patients.

Adly, A. A., D. Davino, A. Giustiniani, and C. Visone, "Vector magnetic hysteresis modeling of stress annealed galfenol", Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 113, no. 17: AIP Publishing, pp. 17A931, 2013. Abstract
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Abou-Leila, H., S. M. Darwish, and A. E. A. Haliem, ""Veis myoemnes de quelques niveaux de hautes energies dans le dysprosium 160"", R. C. Acad. Sc. Paris, vol. 274, pp. 896-900, 1972.
Hasan, S. S., W. Sunter, N. Ahmed, D. Dawoud, and S. T. R. Zaidi, "Venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in patients undergoing knee replacements: comparison of real-world outcomes.", International journal of clinical pharmacy, vol. 43, issue 3, pp. 621-628, 2021. Abstract

Background Increasing evidence for the use of the aspirin in patients undergoing an orthopaedic surgery for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis has led to a change in the national guidelines substituting anticoagulants with aspirin. Little is known about the impact of such substitution on real-world outcomes from clinical practice. Objective The study was designed to examine clinical outcomes associated with the use of aspirin and apixaban. Setting Two large-scale general hospitals in West Yorkshire region of England. Method A 1-year observational study among adults who underwent elective knee replacements and received venous thromboembolism prophylaxis within the first 14 days post replacements. Main outcome measure The incidence of postoperative venous thromboembolism, leaking wounds during the hospital stay, and 30-day any readmission for the two drugs. Results A total of 420 patients were included. There was a significant drop in apixaban prescribing (from 80.37 to 10.51%) and increase in aspirin use (from 19.02 to 81.71%) after the implementation of the revised guidelines. There were 52 (12.38%) cases of leaking wound, 16 (3.81%) cases of postoperative venous thromboembolism, 45 (10.71%) cases of 30-day readmission and no case of 30-day major bleeding. The leaking wounds and 30-day readmissions were almost twice more frequent in obese compared to non-obese patients. Multivariate logistic regression found an increased risk of leaking wound with apixaban and postoperative venous thromboembolism and 30-day readmission with aspirin use but the differences were not statistically significant. Conclusion The results suggest aspirin to be as effective as apixaban in preventing venous thromboembolism and readmission. Apixaban usage decreased with a corresponding increase in Aspirin use. The impact of obesity and length of hospital stay need further investigations.

Lewis, S., J. Glen, D. Dawoud, S. Dias, J. Cobb, X. Griffin, M. Reed, C. Sharpin, G. Stansby, and P. Barry, "Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis Strategies for People Undergoing Elective Total Hip Replacement: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis.", Value in health : the journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research, vol. 22, issue 8, pp. 953-969, 2019. Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in people undergoing elective total hip replacement.

METHODS: Systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials were conducted for 3 outcomes: deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), and major bleeding (MB). MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library (CENTRAL) databases were searched. Study quality was assessed using the Cochrane risk-of-bias checklist. Fixed- and random-effects models were fitted and compared. The median relative risk (RR) and odds ratio (OR) compared with no prophylaxis, with their 95% credible intervals (CrIs), rank, and probability of being the best, were calculated.

RESULTS: Forty-two (n = 24 374, 26 interventions), 30 (n = 28 842, 23 interventions), and 24 (n = 31 792, 15 interventions) randomized controlled trials were included in the DVT, PE, and MB networks, respectively. Rivaroxaban had the highest probability of being the most effective intervention for DVT (RR 0.06 [95% CrI 0.01-0.29]). Strategy of low-molecular-weight heparin followed by aspirin had the highest probability of reducing the risk of PE and MB (RR 0.0011 [95% CrI 0.00-0.096] and OR 0.37 [95% CrI 0.00-26.96], respectively). The ranking of efficacy estimates across the 3 networks, particularly PE and MB, had very wide CrIs, indicating high degree of uncertainty.

CONCLUSIONS: A strategy of low-molecular-weight heparin given for 10 days followed by aspirin for 28 days had the best benefit-risk balance, with the highest probability of being the best on the basis of the results of the PE and MB network meta-analyses. Nevertheless, there is considerable uncertainty around the median ranks of the interventions.

Lewis, S., J. Glen, D. Dawoud, S. Dias, J. Cobb, X. L. Griffin, N. Rossiter, M. Reed, C. Sharpin, G. Stansby, et al., "Venous thromboembolism prophylaxis strategies for people undergoing elective total knee replacement: a systematic review and network meta-analysis.", The Lancet. Haematology, vol. 6, issue 10, pp. e530-e539, 2019. Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hospital-associated venous thromboembolism is a major patient safety concern. Provision of prophylaxis to patients admitted for elective total knee replacement surgery has been proposed as an effective strategy to reduce the incidence of venous thromboembolism. We aimed to assess the relative efficacy and safety of all available prophylaxis strategies in this setting.

METHODS: We did a systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials to assess the relative efficacy and safety of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis strategies and to populate an economic model that assessed the cost-effectiveness of these strategies and informed the updated National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guideline recommendations for patients undergoing elective total knee replacement surgery. The Cochrane Library (CENTRAL), Embase, and Medline were last searched on June 19, 2017, with key terms relating to the population (venous thromboembolism and total knee replacement) and the interventions compared, including available pharmacological and mechanical interventions. Outcomes of interest were deep vein thrombosis (symptomatic and asymptomatic), pulmonary embolism, and major bleeding. Risk of bias was assessed, and relevant data extracted from the included randomised controlled trials for the network meta-analyses. Relative risks (RR; with 95% credible intervals [95% CrI]) compared to no prophylaxis, median ranks (with 95% CrI), and the probability of being the best intervention were calculated. The study was done in accordance with PRISMA guidelines.

FINDINGS: 25 randomised controlled trials were included in the network meta-analyses. 23 trials (19 interventions; n=15 028) were included in the deep vein thrombosis network, 12 in the pulmonary embolism network (13 interventions; n=15 555), and 19 in the major bleeding network (11 interventions; n=19 797). Risk of bias ranged from very low to high. Rivaroxaban ranked first for prevention of deep vein thrombosis (RR 0·12 [95% CrI 0·06-0·22]). Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH; standard prophylactic dose, 28-35 days) ranked first in the pulmonary embolism network (RR 0·02 [95% CrI 0·00-3·86]) and LMWH (low prophylactic dose, 10-14 days) ranked first in the major bleeding network (odds ratio 0·08 [95% CrI 0·00-1·76]), but the results for pulmonary embolism and major bleeding are highly uncertain.

INTERPRETATION: Single prophylaxis strategies are more effective in prevention of deep vein thrombosis in the elective total knee replacement population than combination strategies, with rivaroxaban being the most effective. The results of the pulmonary embolism and major bleeding meta-analyses are uncertain and no clear conclusion can be made other than what is biologically plausible (eg, that no prophylaxis and mechanical prophylaxis strategies should have the lowest risk of major bleeding).

FUNDING: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence.

Abo-Madyan, Y., M. Polednik, A. Rahn, F. Schneider, B. Dobler, F. Wenz, and F. Lohr, "Verbesserung der Dosis-Homogenität in großvolumigen Brüsten mit IMRT: Die Wirksamkeit und die dosimetrische Genauigkeit der verschiedenen Techniken", Strahlentherapie und Onkologie, vol. 184: Urban & Vogel, pp. 86–92, 2008. Abstract
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Morimura, H., Y. Koinuma, A. Desoki, and I. Hagiwara, "A verification of design for forming collar of packaging machine", Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, vol. 76, no. Part C 76(765), pp. 1316-1322, 2010. Abstract
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Eskander, A. E., S. I. Ibrahim, and M. A. Dahaba, "Versacryl versus Chrome-Cobalt Clasps in Implant- Supported Partial over-Dentures", Journal of Research and Practice in Dentistry, IBIMA Publishing, USA, vol. Vol. 2014 (2014), Article ID 948300, pp. 18 pages, 2014. 948300.pdf
El-Abd, S. M., A. O. Dabbous, A. M. El-Shennawy, and O. A. Khodeir, "Vestibulospinal Reflex in Cochlear Implant Recipients", Journal of Hearing Science, 2011.
El-Abd, S. M., A. O. Dabbous, A. M. El-Shennawy, and O. A. Khodeir, "Vestibulospinal reflex in cochlear implant recipients", Journal of Hearing Science, vol. 1, no. 3, 2011. Abstract
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Dabbous, A., and S. E. L. Abd, "VESTIBULOSPINAL REFLEX IN COCHLEAR IMPLANT RECIPIENTS", Hearing Science, vol. 1, issue 3, pp. 76-79, 2011. vestibulospinal_reflex_in_cochlear_implant_recipients.pdf
Jaleel, G. A. A., M. F. Yousif, K. A. D. R. I. Y. A. E. L. S. DEEB, and F. A. T. H. Y. M. SOLIMAN, "Vicia ervilia L. seeds newly explored biological activities", cogent biology, vol. 3, 2017. published_paper.pdf