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Curtright, T., H. Alshal, P. Baral, S. Huang, J. Liu, K. Tamang, X. Zhang, and Y. Zhang, "The conducting ring viewed as a wormhole", European Journal of Physics, vol. 40, issue 1, no. 1, pp. 015206, 2019. AbstractWebsite

We compute the exterior Green function for a grounded equi-potential circular ring in two-dimensional electrostatics by treating the system geometrically as a ‘squashed wormhole’ with an image charge located in a novel but obvious position, thereby implementing a method first suggested in 1897 by Sommerfeld. We compare and contrast the strength and location of the image charge in the wormhole picture with that of the conventional point of view where an image charge is located inside the circular ring. While the two viewpoints give mathematically equivalent Green functions, we believe they provide strikingly different physics perspectives that encourage students to think more broadly about the subject. We present our discussion at a level suitable for use in advanced undergraduate and introductory graduate courses on electrostatics, or for use as a supplement to introduce the methods of Riemannian geometry in the context of general relativity.

Curtright, T. L., D. B. Fairlie, and H. Alshal, "A Galileon Primer", arXiv preprint, issue arXiv:1212.6972v2 [hep-th], 2020.
Cuong, D. V., N. Kim, J. B. Youm, H. Joo, M. Warda, J. - W. Lee, W. S. Park, T. Kim, S. H. Kang, H. Kim, et al., "Nitric oxide-cGMP-protein kinase G signaling pathway induces anoxic preconditioning through activation of ATP-sensitive K+ channels in rat hearts.", American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, vol. 290, issue 5, pp. H1808-17, 2006 May. Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in anoxic preconditioning to protect the heart against ischemia-reperfusion injuries. The present work was performed to study better the NO-cGMP-protein kinase G (PKG) signaling pathway in the activation of both sarcolemmal and mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels during anoxic preconditioning (APC) and final influence on reducing anoxia-reperfusion (A/R)-induced cardiac damage in rat hearts. The upstream regulating elements controlling NO-cGMP-PKG signal-induced KATP channel opening that leads to cardioprotection were investigated. The involvement of both inducible and endothelial NO synthases (iNOS and eNOS) in the progression of this signaling pathway was followed. Final cellular outcomes of ischemia-induced injury after different preconditioning in the form of lactate dehydrogenase release, DNA strand breaks, and malondialdehyde formation as indexes of cell injury and lipid peroxidation, respectively, were investigated. The lactate dehydrogenase and malondialdehyde values decreased in the groups that underwent preconditioning periods with specific mitochondrial KATP channels opener diazoxide (100 microM), nonspecific mitochondrial KATP channels opener pinacidil (50 microM), S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP, 300 microM), or beta-phenyl-1,N2-etheno-8-bromoguanosine-3',5'-cyclicmonophosphorothioate, Sp-isomer (10 microM) before the A/R period. Preconditioning with SNAP significantly reduced the DNA damage. The effect was blocked by glibenclamide (50 microM), 5-hydroxydecanoate (100 microM), NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (200 microM), and beta-phenyl-1,N2-etheno-8-bromoguanosine-3',5'-cyclic monophosphorothioate, Rp-isomer (1 microM). The results suggest iNOS, rather than eNOS, as the major contributing NO synthase during APC treatment. Moreover, the PKG shows priority over NO as the upstream regulator of NO-cGMP-PKG signal-induced KATP channel opening that leads to cardioprotection during APC treatment.

Cuong, D. V., M. Warda, N. Kim, W. S. Park, J. H. Ko, E. Kim, and J. Han, "Dynamic changes in nitric oxide and mitochondrial oxidative stress with site-dependent differential tissue response during anoxic preconditioning in rat heart.", American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, vol. 293, issue 3, pp. H1457-65, 2007 Sep. Abstract

In this study, dynamic changes in nitric oxide (NO) and mitochondrial superoxide (O(2)(*-)) were examined during anoxic preconditioning (AP) in rat heart model. AP and anoxia-reoxygenation (A/R) were performed on isolated hearts and single cardiomyocytes. The cellular insult in the form of infarct size and DNA damage were localized and correlated with NO synthases (endothelial and inducible) expression levels. The results showed that endocardium was the most affected region in AP groups, whereas the larger area of infarct was confined to mid- and epicardium in the A/R group. Interestingly, a high-level expression of immunofluorescent NO synthases was restricted to viable areas in the AP. In contrast to the gradual increase in O(2)(*-) level that occurred in the AP group, a sudden massive increase in its level was demonstrated at the onset of reoxygenation in the A/R group. The observed increase in NO production during reoxygenation in the AP group was attenuated by inducible NO synthase inhibitor. The study revealed, on a real-time basis, the role played by preconditioning for modulating NO and O(2)(*-) levels on behalf of cell survival. The results afford a better understanding of cardiac-adapting mechanism during AP and the role of inducible NO synthase in this important phenomenon.

Cuong, D. V., M. Warda, N. Kim, W. S. Park, J. H. Ko, E. Kim, and J. Han, "Dynamic changes in nitric oxide and mitochondrial oxidative stress with site-dependent differential tissue response during anoxic preconditioning in rat heart.", American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, vol. 293, issue 3, pp. H1457-65, 2007 Sep. Abstract

In this study, dynamic changes in nitric oxide (NO) and mitochondrial superoxide (O(2)(*-)) were examined during anoxic preconditioning (AP) in rat heart model. AP and anoxia-reoxygenation (A/R) were performed on isolated hearts and single cardiomyocytes. The cellular insult in the form of infarct size and DNA damage were localized and correlated with NO synthases (endothelial and inducible) expression levels. The results showed that endocardium was the most affected region in AP groups, whereas the larger area of infarct was confined to mid- and epicardium in the A/R group. Interestingly, a high-level expression of immunofluorescent NO synthases was restricted to viable areas in the AP. In contrast to the gradual increase in O(2)(*-) level that occurred in the AP group, a sudden massive increase in its level was demonstrated at the onset of reoxygenation in the A/R group. The observed increase in NO production during reoxygenation in the AP group was attenuated by inducible NO synthase inhibitor. The study revealed, on a real-time basis, the role played by preconditioning for modulating NO and O(2)(*-) levels on behalf of cell survival. The results afford a better understanding of cardiac-adapting mechanism during AP and the role of inducible NO synthase in this important phenomenon.

Cunningham, D. P., A. A. Mostafa, W. J. Gordan-Evans, R. J. Boudrieau, and D. J. Griffon, "Factors contributing to the variability of a predictive score for cranial cruciate ligament deficiency in Labrador Retrievers", BMC Veterinary Research, vol. 13, issue 1, pp. 235-241, 2017.
Cun Hang, Fei Hu, Aboul Ella Hassanieny, and K. Xiao, "Texture-based Rotation-Invariant Histograms of Oriented Gradients", IEEE iInternational Computer Engineering Conference - ICENCO , Cairo, 30 Dec, 2015.
Cucheval, A., M. A. Al-Ghobashy, Y. Hemar, D. Otter, and M. A. K. Williams, "Direct measurements of interfacial interactions between pectin and $ąppa$-casein and implications for the stabilisation of calcium-free casein micelle mimics", Journal of colloid and interface science, vol. 338, no. 2: Elsevier, pp. 450–462, 2009. Abstract
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Cuahutenango-Barro, B., M. A. Taneco-Hernández, Y. - P. Lv, J. F. Gómez-Aguilar, M. S. Osman, H. Jahanshahi, and A. A. Aly, "Analytical solutions of fractional wave equation with memory effect using the fractional derivative with exponential kernel", Results in Physics, vol. 25: Elsevier, pp. 104148, 2021. Abstract
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Cserni, T., D. Urban, D. Hajnal, D. Erces, G. Varga, A. Nagy, M. Cserni, M. Marei, S. Hennayake, and R. Kubiak, "Pyeloureteral magnetic anastomosis (PUMA) device to simplify laparoscopic pyeloplasty: a proof of concept study.", BJU international, 2020. Abstract

Laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP) is a standard, but demanding operation. According to the European Association of Urology guidelines this procedure scores 13 out of 18 on the difficulty scale [1]. Articulating instruments, 3D video systems and robots may facilitate complex suturing of the ureteropelvic anastomosis at higher costs [2,3]. Magnetic compression anastomosis (magnamosis) has been used safely and effectively in the gastrointestinal tract [4,5], however not been applied in the urinary tract.

Cserni, T., D. Urban, D. Hajnal, D. Erces, G. Varga, A. Nagy, M. Cserni, M. Marei, S. Hennayake, and R. Kubiak, "Pyeloureteral magnetic anastomosis (PUMA) device to simplify laparoscopic pyeloplasty: a proof of concept study.", BJU international, 2020. Abstract

Laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP) is a standard, but demanding operation. According to the European Association of Urology guidelines this procedure scores 13 out of 18 on the difficulty scale [1]. Articulating instruments, 3D video systems and robots may facilitate complex suturing of the ureteropelvic anastomosis at higher costs [2,3]. Magnetic compression anastomosis (magnamosis) has been used safely and effectively in the gastrointestinal tract [4,5], however not been applied in the urinary tract.

Crowe, L. A., F. Tobalem, A. Gramoun, B. M. A. Delattre, K. Grosdemange, J. Salaklang, A. Redjem, A. Petri-Fink, H. Hofmann, and J. - P. Vallée, "Improved dynamic response assessment for intra-articular injected iron oxide nanoparticles", Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, vol. 68, no. 5: Wiley Online Library, pp. 1544–1552, 2012. Abstract
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Crow, T. J., J. F. Deakin, and A. Longden, "Proceedings: Do anti-psychotic drugs act by dopamine receptor blockade in the nucleus accumbens.", British journal of pharmacology, vol. 55, issue 2, pp. 295P-296P, 1975 Oct. Abstract
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Crow, J., A. Mahfouz, F. Bennett, and A. Arisha, "Customer Management Analysis of Irish Plumbing & Heating Distribution System: A Simulation Study", Second International Conference on Advances in System Simulation, Nice, France, 22-27 August , 2010.
Cross, B., K. M. Stepien, C. Gadepalli, A. Kharabish, P. Woolfson, G. Tol, and P. Jenkins, "Pre-operative Considerations in Adult Mucopolysaccharidosis Patients Planned for Cardiac Intervention.", Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine, vol. 9, pp. 851016, 2022. Abstract

Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are rare lysosomal storage diseases characterized by multiorgan involvement and shortened longevity. Due to advances in therapies such as enzyme replacement therapy and haematopoietic stem cell therapy, life expectancy has increased posing newer challenges to patients and health professionals. One such challenge is cardiovascular manifestations of MPS, which can be life limiting and cause reduction in quality of life. Any cardiovascular intervention mandates comprehensive, multi-systemic work-up by specialist teams to optimize outcome. We highlight the importance of multidisciplinary evaluation of adult MPS patients requiring cardiovascular intervention. Clinical assessments and investigations are discussed, with a focus on the cardiac, anesthetic, airway, respiratory, radiological and psychosocial factors.

Cross, N., Engineering {Design} {Methods}, , Chichester, John Wiley & Sons, 1989. Abstract
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Cross, N., Developments in {Design} {Methodology}, , Chichester, Wiley, 1984. Abstract
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Cromwell, E. A., J. C. P. Osborne, T. R. Unnasch, M. - G. Basáñez, K. M. Gass, K. A. Barbre, E. Hill, K. B. Johnson, K. M. Donkers, S. Shirude, et al., "Predicting the environmental suitability for onchocerciasis in Africa as an aid to elimination planning.", PLoS neglected tropical diseases, vol. 15, issue 7, pp. e0008824, 2021. Abstract

Recent evidence suggests that, in some foci, elimination of onchocerciasis from Africa may be feasible with mass drug administration (MDA) of ivermectin. To achieve continental elimination of transmission, mapping surveys will need to be conducted across all implementation units (IUs) for which endemicity status is currently unknown. Using boosted regression tree models with optimised hyperparameter selection, we estimated environmental suitability for onchocerciasis at the 5 × 5-km resolution across Africa. In order to classify IUs that include locations that are environmentally suitable, we used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis to identify an optimal threshold for suitability concordant with locations where onchocerciasis has been previously detected. This threshold value was then used to classify IUs (more suitable or less suitable) based on the location within the IU with the largest mean prediction. Mean estimates of environmental suitability suggest large areas across West and Central Africa, as well as focal areas of East Africa, are suitable for onchocerciasis transmission, consistent with the presence of current control and elimination of transmission efforts. The ROC analysis identified a mean environmental suitability index of 0·71 as a threshold to classify based on the location with the largest mean prediction within the IU. Of the IUs considered for mapping surveys, 50·2% exceed this threshold for suitability in at least one 5 × 5-km location. The formidable scale of data collection required to map onchocerciasis endemicity across the African continent presents an opportunity to use spatial data to identify areas likely to be suitable for onchocerciasis transmission. National onchocerciasis elimination programmes may wish to consider prioritising these IUs for mapping surveys as human resources, laboratory capacity, and programmatic schedules may constrain survey implementation, and possibly delaying MDA initiation in areas that would ultimately qualify.

Cribiu, E. P., A. De Giovanni, M. Castiglioni, L. Molteni, G. Succi, and A. Obeidah, "L'idiogramme du buffle d'eau égyptien (Bubalus bubalis)", Revue d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux, vol. 33, issue 1, 1980. Abstract
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Cribiu, E. P., A. De Giovanni, M. Castiglioni, L. Molteni, G. Succi, and A. Obeidah, "The idiogram of the Egyptian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis).", Revue d'Elevage et de Medecine Veterinaire des Pays Tropicaux, vol. 33, issue 1, pp. 61-64, 1980. Abstract
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Cribiu, E. P., and A. Obeidah, "Caryotype du buffle d'eau egyptein par les bandes C.[Bubalus bubalis].", Annales de Genetique et de Selection Animale, vol. 10, 1978. Abstract
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Crews, D. C., A. K. Bello, and G. Saadi, "Burden, access, and disparities in kidney disease.", Kidney international, vol. 95, issue 2, pp. 242-248, 2019.
Creswell, J. W., Research {Design}: {Qualitative} {Approaches}, , Thousand Oaks, California, Sage, 1994. Abstract
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Crestini, C., N. M. N. El Hadidi, and G. Palleschi, "Characterisation of archaeological wood: A case study on the deterioration of a coffin", Microchemical Journal, vol. 92, issue 2, pp. 150-154, 2009. deterioration_of_a_coffin.pdf
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