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B.Osman, R., A. H. Elkhadem, Sunyoung Ma, and M. V. Swain, "Titanium versus zirconia implants supporting maxillary overdentures. Three-dimensional finite element analysis study.", The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, vol. 28, pp. e198-e208, 2013.
B.Osman, R., W. Duncan, M. V. Swain, and Sunyoung Ma, "Prosthodontic maintenance of overdentures on zirconia implants: 1-year results of a randomized controlled trial.", The International Journal of Prosthodontics, vol. 27, pp. 461-468, 2014.
B.Osman, R., A. G. T. Payne, Sunyoung Ma, and W. Duncan, "Zirconia implants supporting overdentures: A pilot study with novel prosthodontic designs. Int J Prosthodont; 2013; 26: 277-281.", The International Journal of Prosthodontics, vol. 26, pp. 277-281, 2013.
B.Osman, R., A. G. T. Payne, and Sunyoung Ma, "Prosthodontic maintenance of maxillary implant overdentures: A systematic literature review. Int J Prosthodont 2012; 25: 381-391.", The International Journal of Prosthodontics, vol. 25, pp. 381-391, 2012.
B.Osman, R., Sunyoung Ma, W. Duncan, R. D. K. Silva, A. Siddiqi, and M. V. Swain, "Fractured zirconia implants and related implant designs: scanning electron microscopy analysis. ", Clinical Oral Implants Research , vol. 5, pp. 592-597, 2013.
B.Osman, R., A. V. J. der Veen, D. Huiberts, D. Wismeijer, and N. Alharbi, "3D-printing zirconia implants; a dream or a reality? An in-vitrro study evaluating the dimensional accuracy, surface topography and mechanical properties of printed zirconia implant and discs", Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials , vol. 75, pp. 521-528, 2017.
BA, N., "Study of body mass index and serum leptin in Bronchial asthma", Medical Journal of Cairo univ, vol. 83, 2015.
Babers, R., and A. E. Hassanien, " A Nature-Inspired Metaheuristic Cuckoo Search Algorithm for Community Detection in Social Networks", ", International Journal of Service Science, Management, Engineering, and Technology, IJSSMET , vol. 8, issue 1, pp. 50-, 2017. AbstractWebsite

In last few years many approaches have been proposed to detect communities in social networks using diverse ways. Community detection is one of the important researches in social networks and graph analysis. This paper presents a cuckoo search optimization algorithm with Lévy flight for community detection in social networks. Experimental on well-known benchmark data sets demonstrates that the proposed algorithm can define the structure and detect communities of complex networks with high accuracy and quality. In addition, the proposed algorithm is compared with some swarms algorithms including discrete bat algorithm, artificial fish swarm, discrete Krill Herd, ant lion algorithm and lion optimization algorithm and the results show that the proposed algorithm is competitive with these algorithms.

Babers, R., N. I. Ghali, A. E. Hassanien, and N. M. Madbouly, "Optimal community detection approach based on Ant Lion Optimization", Computer Engineering Conference (ICENCO), 2015 11th International: IEEE, pp. 284–289, 2015. Abstract
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Babers, R., and A. E. Hassanien, "A Nature-Inspired Metaheuristic Cuckoo Search Algorithm for Community Detection in Social Networks", International Journal of Service Science, Management, Engineering, and Technology (IJSSMET), vol. 8, no. 1: IGI Global, pp. 50–62, 2017. Abstract
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Babers, R., A. E. Hassanien, and N. I. Ghali, "A nature-inspired metaheuristic Lion Optimization Algorithm for community detection", Computer Engineering Conference (ICENCO), 2015 11th International: IEEE, pp. 217–222, 2015. Abstract
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Babers, R., N. I. Ghali, and A. E. Hassanien, "Optimal Community Detection Approach based on Ant Lion Optimization", IEEE iInternational Computer Engineering Conference - ICENCO , Cairo, 30 Dec, 2015.
Babjaková, E., L. Dastychová, B. Hanulíková, I. Kuřitka, M. Nečas, H. Vašková, and R. Vícha, "Synthesis, molecular structure and vibrational spectra of 1,3-bis(1-adamantyl)-2-phenylpropan-1,3-diones", Journal of Molecular Structure, vol. 1085, pp. 207 - 214, 2015. AbstractWebsite

Abstract The interest in the oxo-enol tautomerism of 1,3-dioxo compounds is justified by their usefulness in many synthetic fields. A series of new 1,3-bis(1-adamantyl)propan-1,3-diones with a variably substituted phenyl ring at the \{C2\} position was prepared either by the reaction of an appropriate Grignard reagent with adamatane-1-carbonyl chloride or by \{SEAr\} on the unsubstituted 1,3-bis(1-adamantyl)-2-phenylpropan-1,3-dione. In addition to the single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis of three of the prepared compounds, the experimental 1H and 13C NMR, İR\} and Raman spectroscopic data were assigned and compared to those obtained by \{DFT\} computations. In the solid state, the syn-dioxo forms were exclusively observed, which are shown to also predominate in \{CHCl3\} solutions. The analysis of the Hirshfeld surface revealed that H⋯H and O⋯H contacts dominate the intermolecular interactions in the solid state, whereas π⋯π stacking plays a marginal role.

Bably, E. - S. H., "Gross anatomical studies on the arterial blood supply of the intestinal tract of the cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis)", International Journal of Advanced Research in Biological Sciences, vol. 2, issue 4, pp. 166–176, 2015. gross_anatomical_studies_on_the_arterial_blood_supply_of.pdf
Babour, A. J., S. A. Mazen, and M. N. El-Deen, Quality control measurements for GIS Data, , 2007. Abstract

Geographic Information System (GIS) is one of the fastest growing technologies in the world. Its ability to analyze spatial data is impressive. Data is the backbone of GIS because its quality range affects the results of the application so one of the most important problems in GIS is how to choose the GIS (data), which suits the application requirements and user needs exactly and in the best way among set of data to avoid wrong outputs and any lose in time and money

Bacallao, R., and E. H. K. Stelzer, "Preservation of biological specimens for observation in a confocal fluorescence microscope and operational principles of confocal fluorescence microscopy", Methods in cell biology, vol. 31: Academic Press, pp. 437-452, 1989. Abstract
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Baccanari, D., A. Phillips, S. Smith, D. Sinski, and J. Burchall, "Purification and properties of Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase.", Biochemistry, vol. 14, issue 24, pp. 5267-73, 1975 Dec 2. Abstract

Dihydrofolate reductase has been purified 40-fold to apparent homogeneity from a trimethoprim-resistant strain of Escherichia coli (RT 500) using a procedure that includes methotrexate affinity column chromatography. Determinations of the molecular weight of the enzyme based on its amino acid composition, sedimentation velocity, and sodium dodecyl sulfate gel electrophoresis gave values of 17680, 17470 and 18300, respectively. An aggregated form of the enzyme with a low specific activity can be separated from the monomer by gel filtration; treatment of the aggregate with mercaptoethanol or dithiothreitol results in an increase in enzymic activity and a regeneration of the monomer. Also, multiple molecular forms of the monomer have been detected by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The unresolved enzyme exhibits two pH optima (pH 4.5 and pH 7.0) with dihydrofolate as a substrate. Highest activities are observed in buffers containing large organic cations. In 100 mM imidazolium chloride (pH 7), the specific activity is 47 mumol of dihydrofolate reduced per min per mg at 30 degrees. Folic acid also serves as a substrate with a single pH optimum of pH 4.5. At this pH the Km for folate is 16 muM, and the Vmax is 1/1000 of the rate observed with dihydrofolate as the substrate. Monovalent cations (Na+, K+, Rb+, and Cs+) inhibit dihydrofolate reductase; at a given ionic strength the degree of inhibition is a function of the ionic radius of the cation. Divalent cations are more potent inhibitors; the I50 of BaCl2 is 250 muM, as compared to 125 mM for KCl. Anions neither inhibit nor activate the enzyme.

Bacco, G., N. Bianchi, and M. Hanafy, "A Nonlinear Analytical Model for the Rapid Prediction of the Torque of Synchronous Reluctance Machines", IEEE Transaction On Energy Conversion, vol. 33, issue 3, pp. 1539-1546, 2018.
Bacheer, S. M., "Egyptian Labor in the UAE", The UAE-Egyptian Relations: Challenges and Future Prospects: Al Khaleej Publishing, Sharjah, UAE, 2018. Abstract
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Bachman, S. E., J. M. Bachman, and M. A. G. D. I. M. MASHALY, "Effect of photoperiod on the diurnal rhythm of plasma testosterone, dihydrotestosterone and androstenedione in mature male chickens", Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology, vol. 87, issue 3: Elsevier, pp. 775-779, 1987. Abstract
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Bachman, S. E., and M. A. G. D. I. M. MASHALY, "Relationship between circulating thyroid hormones and humoral immunity in immature male chickens", Developmental & Comparative Immunology, vol. 10, issue 3: Pergamon, pp. 395-403, 1986. Abstract
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BACHMAN, S. E., J. M. BACHMAN, and M. M. Mashaly, "EFFECT OF PHOTOPERIOD ON DIURNAL RHYTHM OF PLASMA TESTOSTERONE IN MALE CHICKENS", POULTRY SCIENCE, vol. 62, issue 7: POULTRY SCIENCE ASSOC INC 1111 NORTH DUNLAP AVE, SAVOY, IL 61874, pp. 1376-1377, 1983. Abstract
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Bachman, S. E., and M. A. G. D. I. M. MASHALY, "Relationship between circulating thyroid hormones and cell-mediated immunity in immature male chickens", Developmental & Comparative Immunology, vol. 11, issue 1: Pergamon, pp. 203-213, 1988. Abstract
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BACHMAN, J. M., S. E. BACHMAN, and M. M. Mashaly, "ROLE OF CORTICOSTERONE IN CHICKEN EMBRYONIC-DEVELOPMENT", FEDERATION PROCEEDINGS, vol. 43, issue 3: FEDERATION AMER SOC EXP BIOL 9650 ROCKVILLE PIKE, BETHESDA, MD 20814-3998, pp. 623-623, 1984. Abstract
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