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A, Y., S. M, E. G, A. - S. M, O. A, D. W, O. D, S. Y, K. S, A. - B. A, et al., "HLA tissue typing has no effect on the outcome of patients undergoing a living-donor liver transplant: a single-center experience in Egypt.", Experimental and clinical transplantation, vol. 10, issue 2, pp. 136-40, 2012. Abstracthla_2012.pdf

To analyze the effect of human leukocyte antigen tissue typing on outcome of live-donor liver transplant.
Fifty recipients underwent live-donor liver transplant in the Dar Al-Fouad Hospital in Egypt and were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were classified into 2 groups: those with human leukocyte antigen +ve, and those with human leukocyte antigen -ve and donors. Hepatitis C virus-related end-stage liver disease was the main indication for transplant. Demographic data, preoperative laboratory data, results of human leukocyte antigen tissue typing, Child score, model for end-stage liver disease score, graft/recipient weight-ratio, ischemia times, surgical complications, postoperative laboratory data, liver biopsy, immunosuppression, and pulse steroids were collected. Graft and patient survivals were studied using Kaplan-Meier curves.
The mean model end-stage liver disease score was 18 ± 3.61 in group 1 and 17.73 ± 3.72 in group 2, with no significant difference. Graft/recipient weight ratio, ischemia times, and postoperative complications showed P = NS. Cyclosporine and tacrolimus were used in 5/9, 8/41, and 4/9 in group 1, and 32/41 in group 2 (P = NS). Rejection and pulse steroids were reported in 3/9 and 12/41 of group 1, and 3/12 and 11/41 of group 2 (P = NS). Hepatitis C virus-recurrence was diagnosed in 5/9 of patients (55%) and 8/41 of patients (29.5%) in groups 1 and 2 (P < .05). No statistical difference was found regarding mortality; 5-year patient and graft survival was 35/50 (70% in group 1 [human leukocyte antigen +ve]), 7/9 (77.8%), and 28/41 in group 2 (68.3%) (human leukocyte antigen -ve).
Positive human leukocyte antigen typing before live-donor liver transplant has no effect on the incidence of postoperative complications, rejection episodes, and patient or graft survival. Recipients with positive human leukocyte antigen typing may have increased risk of hepatitis C virus-recurrence after live-donor liver transplant.

A, E. - F. H. S., G. A. F, H. N. E, and N. M. Elsayed, "Effect of Buerger Exercises on Improving Peripheral Circulation of the Lower Extremities among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at Selected University Hospital-Egypt", Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Developmen, vol. 10, issue 6, pp. 692- 697, 2019.
A, T. D., A. AM, E. - S. HM, and K. M, "The effect of trabeculectomy and deep sclerectomy on the choroidal thickness: a comparative study", Delta Journal Of Ophthalmology, vol. 22, pp. 124-131, 2021. 7.pdf
A, E. S., A. Elfeel, H. Elghamrawy, and R. Elsergany, "Efficacy of Tamsulosin in the Medical Treatment of Lower Ureteral Stones", Arab Journal of Urology, vol. 7, issue 2, pp. 15-18, 2009. 7-_pdf_tamsulosin.pdf
A, A., E. F, A. A, A. A, L. A, and S. S, "The efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in treating patients with chronic daily headache", The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery, vol. 57, issue 21, 2021.
a, S. E. - S. B., and N. S. A. b, "Can lung volumes and capacities be used as an outcome measure for phrenic nerve recovery after cardiac surgeries?", Journal of the Saudi Heart Association, 2010. Abstract

Phrenic nerve is the main nerve drive to the diaphragm and its injury is a well-known complication
following cardiac surgeries. It results in diaphragmatic dysfunction with reduction in lung
volumes and capacities. This study aimed to evaluate the objectivity of lung volumes and capacities
as an outcome measure for the prognosis of phrenic nerve recovery after cardiac surgeries. In this
prospective experimental study, patients were recruited from Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Department,
Educational-Hospital of College of Medicine, Cairo University. They were 11 patients with right
phrenic nerve injury and 14 patients with left injury. On the basis of receiving low-level laser irradiation,
they were divided into irradiated group and non-irradiated group. Measures of phrenic nerve
latency, lung volumes and capacities were taken pre and post-operative and at 3-months follow up.
After 3 months of low-level laser therapy, the irradiated group showed marked improvement in the
phrenic nerve recovery. On the other hand, vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in the first
second were the only lung capacity and volume that showed improvement consequent with the recovery
of right phrenic nerve (P value <0.001 for both). Furthermore, forced vital capacity was the single
lung capacity that showed significant statistical improvement in patients with recovered left
phrenic nerve injury (P value <0.001). Study concluded that lung volumes and capacities cannot
be used as an objective outcome measure for recovery of phrenic nerve injury after cardiac surgeries.
ª 2010 King Saud University. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

a, A. M. N., D. A. - Z. S. b, W. E. S. S. a, and S. E. G. c, "Association of HLA-DQB1*06 with susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus in Egyptians", The Egyptian Rheumatologist, vol. 37, pp. 17-22, 2014. 1-s2.0-s111011641400060x-main.pdf
A, E. - S. S., E. S. A. M, S. Rodina, A. - A. D. M, and A. W. A, "Cost-effectiveness analysis of different devices used for the Closure of small-to-medium-sized patent ductus arteriosus in Pediatric patients. ", Ann Pediatr Car, vol. 10, issue 2, pp. 144-151, 2017.
A, T., S. MA, Y. J, and A. O, "Autoimmune reactivity against precursor form of desmoglein 1 in healthy Tunisians in the area of endemic pemphigus foliaceus", Journal of Dermatologic Science, vol. 70, issue 1, pp. 19-25, 2013.
A, D. M., D. A. M, L. A. motelib S, and R. V. C, "Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy;Clinical, biochemical, and molecular study in three Egyptian patients.", Gene Counseling, vol. 10, issue 78, pp. 15, 2016.
A, A. W., B. E, M. M, Y. H, B. R, R. H, E. T. S, and Z. AM, "Accuracy of peripheral vascular duplex in predicting coronary artery disease. The impact of diabetes mellitus. ", Egyptian heart journal, vol. 57, issue 2, pp. 141-151, 2005.
a, M. S. Z., L. S. b, H. T. E. L. B. a, M. Y.Isaa, I. M. b, S. I. a, M. G. b, A. A. S. c, J. G. G. d, and M. S. A. H. e, "Molybdenum cofactor and isolated sulphite oxidase deficiencies:clinical and molecular spectrum among Egyptian patients", European Journal of Pediatric Neurology (EJPN), pp. 1-9, 2016. molybdenum_cofactor_and_sod.pdf
A, F., S. D, A. R, K. M, Allah SA, Marzouk S, A. M, Abd El Aziz R, El Badri A, K. H, et al., "Comparative diagnostic study of biomarkers using FibroMax™ and pathology for prediction of liver steatosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection: an Egyptian study.", Int J Gen Med, vol. 12, issue 6, pp. 127-34, 2013.
A, S., N. A, H. N, and F. I, "Gastrointestinal stromal tumors: A clinicopathologic study of 67 cases.", Kasr El Aini j. Surg, vol. 15, issue 2, pp. 11-18, 2014.
A, K., E. FT, A. E. MM, G. SM, S. N, M. A, and E. D. AHM, "Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 rs17576 Gene Polymorphism and Behçet’s Disease: Is There an Association?", Immunol Invest., vol. 46, issue 5, pp. 460-468, 2017. mmp_on_line.pdf
A, H. M. H., M. R, H. M. H, A. T. A, E. - G. A. O, and S. M. A, "Biological and Chemical Investigation of the Soft Coral Lobophytum pauciflorum Collected from the Egyptian Red Sea", International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research, vol. 8, issue 6, pp. 906-911, 2016. Abstract

Soft corals of the genus Lobophytum, a marine invertebrate, have shown diverse biological activities as antiinflammatory, cytotoxic, and antibacterial. Our research is concerning with biological screening and discovering bioactive substances from the Red Sea soft coral Lobophytum pauciflorum. In vitro cyclooxygenase inhibitory activity using COX-1 and COX-2 kits and antimicrobial screening were carried out for n-hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and methanol fractions. The isolated compounds were elucidated using different spectroscopic methods including nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry. Also n-hexane fraction was subjected to GC/MS analysis. Bioassay guided fractionation resulted in isolation and characterization of two bio-active metabolites nephthenol (2) and gorgost-5-ene-3β-ol (3) with significant in vitro antiinflammatory activity against COX-1 and COX-2 compared to Indomethacin and Celecoxib. Four other compounds were also isolated: Heptadecan-1-ol (1), palmitic acid (4), stearic acid (5) and batilol (6). The isolated compounds showed antimicrobial activity ranging from 25 μg/ml to 50 μg/ml against the tested microorganisms. The fatty acid constituents of the n-hexane fraction were identified by GC/MS analysis; results revealed the presence of hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester as major saturated fatty acid and 7,10-hexadecadienoic acid, methyl ester as major unsaturated fatty acid.
Keywords: Lobophytum pauciflorum, gorgost-5-ene-3β-ol, nephthenol, COX-1, COX-2 and GC/MS.

A, A. - E., T. MI, and A. - E. AA, "Development and in Vitro/in Vivo Evaluation of Etodolac Controlled Porosity Osmotic Pump Tablets", AAPS PharmSciTech, vol. 12, issue 2, 2011. cu_pdf.pdf
A, H. A., S. M. Abo-Azma, S. M. Fayed, and T. Mostafa, "Seminal plasma cotinine and insulin-like growth factor-I in idiopathic oligoasthenoteratozoospermic smokers", BJU Int, vol. 103, issue 1, pp. 108-111, 2008.
y A, E., E. - R. M, and E. - A. W, "Planning and prioritizing direct-acting antivirals treatment for HCV patients in countries with limited resources: Lessons from the Egyptian experience.", J Hepatol., vol. 2017 Sep 19, issue S0168-8278(17), pp. 32286-9, 2017.
A, Z., and R. M, "• Multilevel Lumbar Spondylolisthesis: Comparative Study between two Surgical Fusion Techniques", Egyptian Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 29 / No. 4, 2013.