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A, E. - B., E. - S. A, M. M, S. F, H. M, O. O, M. S, G. T, and P. M., "Prenatal diagnosis for thalassaemia in Egypt: what changed parents' attitude", Prenatal Diagnosis, vol. 32, issue 8, pp. 777-82, 2012.
A, T. E. - B. A., Y. I, E. - S. S, and E. A. R, "Pulmonary hypertension in beta-thalassemia major and the role of L-carnitine therapy", Pediatr Haematol Oncol, vol. 25, issue 8, pp. 734-43, 2008.
A, E. S., E. Abdel-Sattar, A. Zaitoun, and A. Bakhashwain, "Evaluation of Some Medicinal Plants for Control of Culex pipiens Mosquitoes", Journal of the Egyptian Society Of parasitology , vol. 44, pp. 771-778, 2014. evaluation_of_the_potential_cardioprotective_activity_of_some_saudi_plants_against_doxorubicin_toxicity.pdf
A, B., N. S, A. A. Mashaly M, Qotb M, and A. E, "Electron Microscopy Study of Peripheral Nerves in the Uvula of Snores and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients", The Journal of laryngology and otology , vol. 2009, issue 123(2), pp. 203-207, 2009.
A, M., A. S, D. A, S. F, M. S, and E. E, "Gender difference and COVID 19", Journal of Primary Care and Community Health, vol. 12, pp. 1-10, 2021.
A, A., and E. S. YM, "Excision of Tenon Capsule in Pediatric Trabeculectomy: A Controlled Study", Journal of Glaucoma, vol. 25, issue 1, pp. 39-44, 2016.
A, M., F. R, R. H, and L. R, "Effect of body mass index on the outcome of IVF cycles among patients with poor ovarian response.", Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2018 Nov 8., 2018.
A, E. S. E., A. E. - A. AA, B. M, A. SS, A. A, S. E. Y, H. M, M. A, A. A, and B. M. S, " One minute, intraoperative assessment of the viability of hydatid cysts using a simple reagent strip test. ", Helminthologia International Journal, vol. 54, issue 2, pp. 157 – 164, 2017.
A, K., A. R. Youssef, A. KA, and H. GA, "Muscle Recovery with Exercise During Distraction Osteogenesis", 9th International Deformity Correction Conference, Mena House Oberoi Hotel, Cairo, Egypt, 2013.
A, N., B. H, M. HK, and S. UW., "[Eye changes following bone marrow transplantation].", Klin Monbl Augenheilkd, 1985. AbstractWebsite
A, E. - F. H. S., G. A. F, H. N. E, and N. M. Elsayed, "Effect of Buerger Exercises on Improving Peripheral Circulation of the Lower Extremities among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at Selected University Hospital-Egypt", Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Developmen, vol. 10, issue 6, pp. 692- 697, 2019.
A, M. M., H. A. M. Farghali, A. H. Elsayed, I. A. Emam, E. A. Abdelnaby, and R. RT, "A potential Use of Doppler Sonography for Evaluating Normal Hemodynamic Values of the Hepatic, Pancreatic and Splenic Vessels in Domestic Rabbits", Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, vol. 8, issue 5, pp. 506-518, 2020. aavs_8_5_506-518.pdf
A, E. K., H. M, A. F. M, G. M, Y. FG, P. TM, and K. EM, "Role of Blood Cultures in Management of Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Cairo", Intern J Trop Med, vol. 2, issue 2, pp. 59-62, 2007. Website
A, A., Abdel-Aal, H., S. E. Y, A. SS, H. N, H. M, and S. S, "Clinical and serological outcomes with different surgical approaches for human hepatic hydatidosis", Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , vol. 48, issue 5, 1975 Oct 27, 2015. Abstract

Hydatidosis is the result of infection with the larval stages of some species of the genus Echinococcus. Treatment approaches for hydatid cysts include the use of albendazole, surgery, and/or medico-surgical procedures. The choice of the therapeutic surgical approach depends on the cyst number and localization, surgeon expertise, and presence of complications. The present study aimed to compare the outcomes of the following therapeutic approaches for the treatment of hepatic hydatid cysts: pericystectomy; the puncture, aspiration, injection, and reaspiration (PAIR) technique; and the PAIR technique followed by deroofing, evacuation of cysts, and omentoplasty.

The 54 patients were divided into 3 groups: Group I (14 patients) who underwent pericystectomy, Group II (23 patients) who underwent the PAIR technique, and Group III (17 patients) who underwent the PAIR technique followed by deroofing and omentoplasty. The diagnosis of hydatid cysts was based on serological testing using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, abdominal ultrasound, and parasitological examination of the cyst contents. Morbidity, mortality, length of hospital stay, recurrence, and postoperative complications were evaluated.

Postoperative bleeding, infection, and recurrence were reported in Groups I and II; Group III did not experience postoperative infection and had shorter hospital stays. Recurrence and postoperative complications did not occur in Group III.

The partial surgical procedure with deroofing, evacuation of the cysts, and omentoplasty, as performed in the present study, is recommended as a safe and effective method for elimination of the entire parasite with minimal possibility for intra-peritoneal spillage.

Keywords : Hydatid cyst; Partial pericystectomy; PAIR technique; Deroofing

A, G. - A., S. M, B. U, A. C, H.?hnle M, F. M, M. J, W. L, and W. G., "Flavonoid Production in Transgenic Hop (Humulus lupulus L", Plant Cell Reports, 2011. Abstract

Hop is an important source of secondary metabolites, like flavonoids. Some of these are pharmacologically active. Often, their concentration in wild type plants is rather low.

A, F., S. - H. A, I. KS, M. A, and A. - R. M, "Effect of Cell Phone-Emitted Electromagnetic Waves on Levels of Male Sex Hormones and Redox Balance in Humans. ", OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 21, issue 3, pp. 221-227, 2021.
A, F., El-Sheikh MG, El-Fayoumy H, El-Sergany R, and A. E. B. A., "Effect of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy on kidney growth in children.", The Journal of urology. , vol. (3), issue 188, pp. 928-31., 2012.
A, A., E. F, A. A, A. A, L. A, and S. S, "The efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in treating patients with chronic daily headache", The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery, vol. 57, issue 21, 2021.
A, F., B. SWG, S. MA, and E. - F. A, "The association between extracoronary calcification and coronary artery disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus", Heart Vessels, vol. 28, issue 1, pp. 12-18, 2013. Abstract

Cardiovascular complications are the major cause of diabetes-associated morbidity and mortality. However,
not all patients with diabetes are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Coronary artery calcification was found to be a powerful predictor of coronary artery disease (CAD). The presence of extracoronary cardiac calcification as a useful predictor of CAD is not yet established, especially in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation between extracoronary
calcification and extent of CAD in a group of T2DM patients who were scheduled for computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTCA). We prospectively studied 380 patients(151 had T2DM) under the age of 60 years who were scheduled for CTCA because of suspected CAD. Severity of CAD was assessed by Gensini score. Coronary artery calcium score (CACS) as well as calcium score in the aortic valve, mitral annulus, ascending aorta, and descending aorta were measured by a 256-row multidetector computed tomography
scanner with dedicated software for calcium calculation. Patients with known CAD were excluded. Diabetic and
nondiabetic patients had comparable age and gender distribution. However, the diabetic group had higher Gensini score,CACS, and extracoronary calcium score (ECCS). Logistic regression analyses identified male gender and ECCS as significant predictors for the presence of CAD in diabetic patients. Age, smoking, and ECCS were the significant predictors of CAD in nondiabetic patients. Type 2 diabetic patients had increased coronary and extracoronary calcification. ECCS was found to be a significant predictor of CAD in diabetic and nondiabetic patients only when CACS was not taken into account.