Condition assessment of power transformers based on dissolved gas analysis

DGA is more sensitive and reliable technique for detecting and evaluating the incipient fault conditions in oilimmersed transformers. The most frequently interpretation technique that used in dissolved gas analysis is Duval triangle due to its simplicity and accuracy. Unfortunately the impacts of Ethane (C2H6) and Hydrogen (H2) were not included in Duval triangle in spite of their importance in diagnosing certain faults types. In addition, the problem of no decision associated with some cases that lie out of the specified codes appeared in Doernenburg, Roger's and IEC techniques. Accordingly, this paper presented a
new proposed graphical triangle technique using new three gas concentration ratios. These ratios were converted to new three ratio percentages of DGA based on the consideration of all five combustible gases. The aim of that was to overcome the conflict takes place in Duval triangle and other traditional techniques. The accuracy of the proposed triangle technique was evaluated using practical DGA database obtained from different transformers of different ratings life spans reported by Egyptian Electricity Holding Company, IEC TC 10 and related databases surveyed from actual incipient cases. The comparison with Duval and other traditional techniques showed good diagnostic accuracy of the new proposed triangle technique.

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