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Shaeer, O., and K. Shaeer, "Penile girth augmentation using flaps "Shaeer's augmentation phalloplasty": a case report.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 3, issue 1, pp. 164-9, 2006 Jan. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Current girth augmentation techniques rely either on liposuction/injection or on the use of dermal fat grafts. These procedures have serious disadvantages, including regression in gained size, deformities, irregular contour, and asymmetry. Ideally, the augmentation technique should ensure durability and symmetry. This case report describes the first application of a flap (superficial circumflex iliac artery island flap) in penile girth augmentation.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The superficial circumflex iliac vessels were identified and the groin flap was elevated from lateral to medial, rotated toward the penis, and tunneled into a penopubic incision. It was wrapped around the penis short of the corpus spongiosum and insinuated under the glans.

RESULTS: Six months after surgery, the patient had an erect girth of 19.5 cm and a flaccid girth of 16.5 cm, compared with 11 cm and 7 cm, respectively, before surgery, thus maintaining the intraoperative girth gain. The outer surface felt smooth with no lobulation. The size of the glans was proportionate to the shaft's girth.

CONCLUSION: This case report shows that the application of flaps in penile girth augmentation may provide a reliable alternative to the currently applied techniques. Glans flaring promotes the aesthetic results and is applicable with other techniques of penile girth augmentation.

Shaeer, O., and E. Shaeer, "The Global Online Sexuality Survey: public perception of female genital cutting among internet users in the Middle East.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 10, issue 12, pp. 2904-11, 2013 Dec. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Female genital cutting (FGC) is a ritual involving cutting part or all of the female external genitalia, performed primarily in Africa. Understanding the motivation behind FGC whether religious or otherwise is important for formulating the anti-FGC messages in prevention and awareness campaigns.

AIM: The study aims to provide an investigation of opinion over FGC, the root motive/s behind it, in addition to the current prevalence of FGC among Internet users in the Middle East.

METHODS: The Global Online Sexuality Survey was undertaken in the Middle East via paid advertising on Facebook®, comprising 146 questions.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcomes are the prevalence of and public opinion on FGC among Internet users.

RESULTS: 31.6% of 992 participants experienced FGC at an average age of 9.6 ± 3.5 years, mostly in Egypt (50.2%). FGC was performed among both Muslims (36.9%) and Christians (18.8%), more in rural areas (78.7%) than urban (47.4%), and was performed primarily by doctors (54.7%) and nurses (9.5%). Whether or not it is necessary for female chastity, FGC was reported as highly necessary (22.5%), and necessary (21.6%). This was more among males, particularly among those with rural origin, with no difference as per educational level. This is in contrast to only 3.7% regarding FGC as a mandate of Islam. Religious opinion among Muslims was: 55.4% anti-FGC and 44.6% pro-FGC.

CONCLUSION: An important motivation driving FGC seems to be males seeking female chastity rather than religion, especially with FGC not being an Islamic mandate, not to undermine the importance of religion among other motives. School and university education were void of an effective anti-FGC message, which should be addressed. There is a shift toward doctors and nurses for performing FGC, which is both a threat and an opportunity. We propose that the primary message against FGC should be delivered by medical and paramedical personnel who can deliver a balanced and confidential message.

Shaeer, O., and K. Shaeer, "Revealing the buried penis in adults.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 6, issue 3, pp. 876-85, 2009 Mar. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Several surgical solutions have been proposed for resolving penile concealment with successful outcomes. Those include liposuction, adhesiolysis, and suprapubic lipectomy through the abdominal crease. Nevertheless, some limitations exist and compromise the results of surgical correction.

AIM: This work presents our technique for revealing the hidden penis, addressing the limitations of existing methods for surgical correction.

METHODS: Sixty-four adult males with buried penis were operated upon. The penis was revealed by the combination of adhesiolysis, suprapubic and lateral lipectomy, anchoring the penoscrotal and penopubic junctions, and skin coverage by a local flap.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Penile length in the flaccid and erect states.

RESULTS: Average postoperative length in the flaccid state was approximately 7 cm +/- 1.3 (a 293% increase) and in the erect state was 18.4 cm +/- 2.9 (185.7% increase), compared with preoperative length of 1.8 cm +/- 0.4 in the flaccid state and 6.4 cm +/- 1.6 in the erect state. Minor complications occurred. There was no deterioration in sexual function.

CONCLUSION: Revealing the concealed penis is a complicated procedure. The outcome may be improved by implementing a radical approach to tissue excision, providing adequate skin coverage, and anchoring the penile shaft, skin, and subcutaneous tissues in the revealed state to prevent relapse.

Shaeer, O., "Correction of penile curvature by rotation of the corpora cavernosa: a case report.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 3, issue 5, pp. 932-7, 2006 Sep. Abstract

AIM: We report on the corporal rotation technique, customized for the management of ventral curvature in patients without hypospadias.

METHODS: A male patient with ventral curvature of 90 degrees was operated on. The neurovascular bundle was mobilized for a short distance at the point of maximum curvature. The corpora cavernosa were approximated to each other in the dorsal midline by suturing pairs of longitudinal parallel incisions. To avoid urethral narrowing, minimal dissection was used to develop the groove on either side of the corpus spongiosum, to release it from its attachment to the rotated corpora cavernosa.

RESULTS: Full correction of the curvature was achieved, without shortening, erectile dysfunction, or micturition problems.

CONCLUSION: Corporal rotation can be applied for the correction of ventral penile curvature in patients with and without hypospadias, without sacrificing penile length.

Shaeer, O., "Girth augmentation of the penis using flaps "Shaeer's augmentation phalloplasty": the superficial circumflex iliac flap.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 11, issue 7, pp. 1856-62, 2014 Jul. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Penile girth augmentation can be achieved by various techniques, among which are liposuction injection, synthetic grafts, and autologous grafts, with variable outcome, mostly related to viability and receptivity of the tissue used for augmentation. Flaps are considered superior to grafts considering their uninterrupted blood supply.

AIM: The current work describes long-term experience with penile girth augmentation using the superficial circumflex iliac artery and vein (SCIAV) flap.

METHODS: SCIAV flap was used for penile girth augmentation in 40 candidates who followed up for a minimum of 18 months. The flap was mobilized from the groin region. The penis was pulled out of a peno-pubic incision. The flap was tunneled under the pubic region to emerge at the base of the penis and was sutured to the subcoronal area and on either sides of the spongiosum. Another session was required for either de-bulking of the oversized flap (four overweight candidates), flap pedicle (n = 6), or for donor site scar revision (n = 11).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Gain in girth in centimeters was evaluated.

RESULTS: Excluding dropouts (n = 8) and participants who had encountered de-bulking of the flap body (n = 4), 40 participants had a preoperative average flaccid girth (AFG) of 9.3 ± 1.1 cm. Immediately postoperative AFG was 14.9 ± 1.1 cm (P < 0.001). Postoperative AFG at the final follow-up visit (a minimum of 18 months) was 14.5 ± 1.1 cm (55.6% gain compared with baseline, P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: SCIAV flap is a reliable option for long-lasting and sizable penile girth augmentation. One-stage augmentation is more suited for non-obese candidates. A second session may be indicated in overweight candidates or for scar revision.

Shaeer, O., K. Shaeer, and A. Shaeer, "Botulinum toxin a (Botox) for relieving penile retraction.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 6, issue 10, pp. 2788-94, 2009 Oct. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The flaccid penis undergoes retraction upon contraction of the dartos muscle. These contractions are most pronounced in the situations of cold, stress, and upon exercising, and can be the source of embarrassment to those who have a hyperactive retraction reflex, especially when exposed to their partners or to others in showers and dressing rooms, despite a normal and satisfactory length in the erect state.

AIM: In this work, we propose an alternative to surgery and penile extenders for alleviating penile retraction, by injection of botulinum toxin into the dartos to induce muscle relaxation. This is the first report of the technique.

METHODS: Ten male patients complaining of a short penis exclusively in the flaccid state, despite normal and satisfactory erect and outstretched lengths, were selected for the study. One hundred units of BOTOX were injected into the dartos muscle.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Frequency and amplitude of penile retraction, flaccid unstretched length, and patient satisfaction.

RESULTS: Seven out of 10 cases (70%) subjectively reported a decrease in the frequency and amplitude of penile retraction, as well as improvement in flaccid length. Clinical measurements were less pronounced but still showed an improvement that was mainly in terms of less retraction rather than more length. No side effects were reported. Improvement faded completely by the 6th month.

CONCLUSION: This preliminary report of botulinum toxin A (Botox) injection into the dartos muscle shows that Botox may have a potential effect in temporarily decreasing penile retractions in terms of frequency and amplitude.

Shaeer, O., "Penoscopy: optical corporotomy and resection for prosthesis implantation in cases of penile fibrosis, Shaeer's technique.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 4, issue 5, pp. 1214-7, 2007 Sep. Abstract
Shaeer, O., I. F. S. AbdelRahman, M. Mansour, and K. Shaeer, "Shaeer's Punch Technique: Transcorporeal Peyronie's Plaque Surgery and Penile Prosthesis Implantation", J Sex Med, vol. 17, issue 7, pp. 1395-1399, 2020.
Shaeer, O. K. Z. M., K. Z. M. Shaeer, I. F. S. AbdelRahman, M. S. El-Haddad, and O. M. Selim, "Priapism as a result of chronic myeloid leukemia: case report, pathology, and review of the literature.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 12, issue 3, pp. 827-34, 2015 Mar. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Priapism is rare-presenting feature in male patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Several hypotheses for pathogenesis have been described. Management has been controversial; some authors described resolution following priapism-specific interventions, and others recommended addition of CML-specific therapy or even CML-specific therapy alone.

AIM: In this report, we describe presentation and management of a man with refractory priapism that was the first presenting manifestation of CML. We also report, for the first time, the pathology sections of the sinusoidal tissue in such cases. Literature is reviewed for similar cases and their outcome.

METHODS: A 21-year-old male patient presented with painful priapism that started 6 days earlier and failed aspiration-irrigation. CBC revealed marked leucocytosis. Oncology care diagnosed CML, and treatment with Imatinib was commenced with prior semen cryopreservation. Following remission, a penile prosthesis was implanted, assisted by optical corporotomy. Sinusoidal tissue biopsy was stained by hematoxylin/eosin (H&E) and CD34.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pathology sections of cavernous tissue following CML-induced priapism.

RESULTS: The penile implant survived without complications. H&E examination of the sinusoidal tissue biopsy revealed leukemic infiltration associated with vascular endothelial damage. CD34 staining showed the mixed picture of leukemic infiltrates, intact vascular endothelium with lumena showing leukemic cells, alternating with destroyed vessels, and no vascular lumena and ruminants of endothelial cells.

CONCLUSION: Priapism can be the first manifestation of previously undetected CML. The pathological picture of sinusoidal tissue in such cases is presented. In the case at hand, a complete blood picture was helpful in early diagnosis of CML and early initiation of targeted chemotherapy along with the corporal irrigation/aspiration or shunt surgery. It is therefore recommended to have a CBC examined at presentation of any case of ischemic priapism of unknown etiology, early initiation of CML therapy along with aspiration/irrigation, preferably cryopreserving a semen sample before CML therapy.

Shaeer, O., "Restoration of the penis following amputation at circumcision: Shaeer's A-Y plasty.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 5, issue 4, pp. 1013-21, 2008 Apr. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Male circumcision is one of the most commonly performed procedures worldwide. It has an estimated complication rate ranging from 0.1% to 35%. Amputation of the shaft is one of the most devastating complications reported, resulting from entrapment of the phallus between the blades of the clamp or from thermal injury due to the application of unipolar diathermy.

AIM: In this work, I describe the guidelines I adopted in the management of 32 male patients afflicted with amputation of the shaft of the penis upon circumcision.

METHODS: "Shaeer's A-Y plasty" was performed for all patients, whereby the proximal corpora and crura were released from their attachment to the pubis and were advanced forward by insetting a specially configured fat flap into the resultant cavity. Skin grafts were used to cover the released penis.

RESULTS: In all 32 cases, the released penis was within the normal range of penile length, and was cosmetically and functionally acceptable.

CONCLUSIONS: "Shaeer's A-Y plasty" is capable of restoring the native phallus following amputation, with preservation of both gender identity and physiological characteristics of the penis to a large extent.

Shaeer, O. K. Z., "Shaeer's Technique: A Minimally Invasive Procedure for Monsplasty and Revealing the Concealed Penis.", Plastic and reconstructive surgery. Global open, vol. 4, issue 8, pp. e1019, 2016 Aug. Abstract

BACKGROUND: A concealed penis is a condition where part of the penis is invisible below the surface of the prepubic skin. Dermolipectomy can correct this condition, although it involves a long abdominal crease incision, or infrapubic incision around the base of the penis, and a possibility for genital lymphedema. This study describes Shaeer's technique, a minimally invasive method for revealing the concealed penis.

METHODS: A 1- to 2-cm-long incision was cut over the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) on either side. A long curved blunt forceps was inserted from one incision, down to the base of the penis and then up to the contralateral ASIS. A 5-mm wide nonabsorbable tape was picked up by the forceps from 1 incision and pulled through to emerge from the other. Pulling on the tape cephalad pulled the mons pubis and revealed the penis. The tape was sutured to the periosteum overlying the ASIS on either side. Patients were followed up for 18 months for penile length, complications, and overall satisfaction.

RESULTS: Twenty patients were operated upon. Preoperatively, flaccid visible length was 3 ± 0.9 cm, and erect visible length was 8 ± 4.6 cm. Postoperatively, the flaccid visible length was 7.1 ± 2.1 cm, with a 57.9% improvement in length (P < 0.0001). Erect visible length was 11.8 ± 2.1 cm, with a 32% improvement in length (P < 0.0001). Length gain was maintained for 18 months.

CONCLUSION: Shaeer's technique is a minimally invasive, short, and simple procedure for monsplasty and revealing the concealed penis.

Shaeer, O., and K. Shaeer, "The Global Online Sexuality Survey (GOSS): ejaculatory function, penile anatomy, and contraceptive usage among Arabic-speaking Internet users in the Middle East.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 9, issue 2, pp. 425-33, 2012 Feb. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Sexuality is a sensitive issue that may be difficult to explore through surveys involving direct contact. Epidemiological studies in this domain are scarce. Online surveys may provide more anonymity and less direct contact encouraging participation. The Global Online Sexuality Survey (GOSS) reports on different aspects of male and female sexuality. The Global Online Sexuality Survey-Arabic-Males (GOSS-AR-M) is the Arabic version reporting on male sexuality.

AIM: To evaluate male ejaculatory function, penile size and contraceptive trends among Arabic speakers in the Middle East.

METHODS: The survey was randomly offered online to web surfers in the Middle East.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of premature ejaculation, ejaculatory latency, penile size and their correlation with erectile function.

RESULTS: A total of 82.6% reported various degrees of premature ejaculation, associated with a statically significant decline in erectile function, despite a median intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) of 5 minutes, 95% confidence interval (CI) of 8.4-9.8. Adjusted to the World Standard Population by the World Health Organization, the collective prevalence was 83.7%. Local anesthetics gave better results and tolerance in delaying ejaculation. Self-measured erect penile length from symphysis pubis to glans was 15.6 cm ± 4.1, 95% CI = 15.4-15.9, yet, 30% were dissatisfied with size, mainly in the flaccid state, with dissatisfaction being inversely proportional with erectile function. Intrauterine device was the method mostly used by couples, and condoms had a high dissatisfaction rate.

CONCLUSION: The prevalence of premature ejaculation appears to surpass that of erectile dysfunction, despite the possibility that it may be overreported considering the acceptable IELT of the population surveyed. Premature ejaculation and concerns over genital size may be considered as risk factors for ED. More male contraceptive measures should be introduced and popularized. Alleviating dissatisfaction with condom utility via health education should be a priority.

Shaeer, O., "Management of distal extrusion of penile prosthesis: partial disassembly and tip reinforcement by double breasting or grafting.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 5, issue 5, pp. 1257-62, 2008 May. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Distal erosion and perforation of penile prosthesis have been reported in association with neurologic impairment, diabetes mellitus, and following irradiation for prostatic cancer. Once perforation occurs, reimplantation carries a higher risk of reperforation unless adequate preventive measures are taken. Aim. This is a description of a procedure whereby the point of perforation was exposed and repaired to restore distal support.

METHODS: In three patients with distal extrusion of penile prosthesis through the urethra, the glans was mobilized off the tip of the corpus cavernosum and the caverno-urethral fistula was disconnected from the corpus cavernosum. The fistula was sealed by primary sutures. The perforation on the corpus cavernosum side was sealed by double breasting in two cases and by grafting in one case. Prosthesis was reimplanted.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Complications, recurrence of erosion, and postoperative coital pain.

RESULTS: No complications, recurrence, or persistent pain occurred in any of the three cases.

CONCLUSION: The management of the distal extrusion of penile prosthesis by partial disassembly, double breasting, or grafting may provide reliable distal support and thereby avoid reperforation and repeated extrusion.

Shaeer, O., and K. Shaeer, "Impact of penile size on male sexual function and role of penile augmentation surgery.", Current urology reports, vol. 13, issue 4, pp. 285-9, 2012 Aug. Abstract

Penile augmentation is an ongoing debate. Emerging evidence proves a relationship between dissatisfaction with penile size and sexual dysfunction. Despite a widespread belief of the value of penile size, and the prevalent complaint of a "small penis," penile augmentation still stands short of addressing the demand. This report highlights the studies added to medical literature on penile augmentation in 2011-2012, including data on normal penile dimensions and the expected dimensions for a normal person, determination of the prevalence of the dissatisfaction with penile size, its effect on erectile function, female partner's opinion of the value of penile size, as well as further experience with augmentation techniques.

Shaeer, O., K. Shaeer, and A. El-Sebaie, "Minimizing the losses in penile lengthening: "V-Y half-skin half-fat advancement flap" and "T-closure" combined with severing the suspensory ligament.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 3, issue 1, pp. 155-60, 2006 Jan. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The technique most commonly used for penile lengthening is the release of the suspensory ligament in combination with an inverted V-Y skin plasty. This technique has drawbacks such as the possibility of reattachment of the penis to the pubis, a hump that forms at the base of the penis, in addition to alteration in the angle of erection.

AIM: In this work, we describe a new technique that overrides these drawbacks and minimize the loss of gained length.

METHODS: The suspensory ligament was released through a penopubic incision. The caudal flap of the resected ligaments was reflected caudally and sutured to the Buck's fascia. The V flap was incised. The caudal half of the V was deskinned, leaving a cranial skin-covered V flap, and a caudal, rectangular fat flap. The fat flap was pulled into the gap between the base of the penis and the pubis and secured in position by suturing its deep surface and lower edge to the pubis. This maneuver filled up the gap. The V incision was closed as a Y. The penopubic incision was closed as a T shape, to avoid pulling the penis back at skin closure. A stay suture stretched from the glans to the thigh, maintaining the penis in the stretched position. A urinary catheter was inserted.

RESULTS: Six months after surgery, there was no loss in the length gained. The angle of erection (as reported by the patient) was similar to that prior to the procedure. The skin incisions left no hump and a faint scar that was not troublesome to the patient.

CONCLUSION: "V-Y half-skin half-fat advancement flap" and "T-closure" may improve the results of suspensory ligament release for penile lengthening. The reported techniques minimize the losses compromising length gain, whether in-surgery or following it.

Shaeer, O., and K. Shaeer, "The Global Online Sexuality Survey (GOSS): the United States of America in 2011. Chapter I: erectile dysfunction among English-speakers.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 9, issue 12, pp. 3018-27, 2012 Dec. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The Global Online Sexuality Survey (GOSS) is a worldwide epidemiologic study of sexuality and sexual disorders, based on validated questionnaires and applying age adjustment to the World Standard Population (WSP) by the World Health Organization. In 2010, the first report of GOSS came from the Middle East, describing an erectile dysfunction (ED) prevalence rate of 47%.

AIM: This report studies the prevalence rate of ED in the United States as of 2011-2012 and evaluates risk factors for ED.


METHODS: GOSS was randomly deployed to English-speaking male web surfers in the United States via paid advertising on Facebook, comprising 146 questions including the abbreviated 5-item International Index of Erectile Function.

RESULTS: Two thousand twenty-two males participated; with a mean age was 52.38 years ± 14.5. Prevalence of ED was 37.7%, adjusted to 33.7% according to WSP, comparable across ethnic groups. The following risk factors were associated with higher risk for ED: diabetes mellitus, hypertension with and without antihypertensive treatment, coronary heart disease, obesity (defined by body mass index), difficult micturition, subjectively reported depression, interpersonal distress, subjectively reported impotence, in addition to novel factors such as subjectively reported premature ejaculation (PE) and concerns over genital size (not a smaller penis per se), low libido, and irregular coitus. Frequency of smoking and alcohol were not associated with higher prevalence of ED, although duration of smoking was.

CONCLUSION: Adjusted to WSP, prevalence rate of ED in the United States of America is 33.7% in the year 2011, in contrast to the adjusted prevalence in the Middle East (47%). Most of the classical risk factors for ED play the same role in the United States and the World, including diabetes, hypertension, and aging. Concerns over genital size and PE are emerging risk factors for ED.

Shaeer, O. K. Z., and A. El-Sadat, "Urethral substitution using vein graft for hypospadias repair.", Journal of pediatric urology, vol. 2, issue 5, pp. 518-21, 2006 Oct. Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Complex hypospadias surgery requires abundant and stretchable tissues for urethroplasty. Genital skin is ideal for this purpose but is often unavailable in re-do cases. Extragenital tissues have their drawbacks such as the limited length of buccal and bladder mucosa, and contracture of skin grafts. Tubularization and on-lay techniques comprise one or two longitudinal suture lines that are the source of complications. We investigate the possibility of using a saphenous vein graft to construct a long, wide, stretchable and pre-tubularized neourethra that is not compromised by the longitudinal suture line.

PATIENT AND METHOD: A male patient with proximal hypospadias for which surgical correction had failed underwent the operation. The patient had a penoscrotal meatus and was circumcised. A saphenous vein graft was passed through a tunnel created on the ventral aspect of the penis, and was anastomosed to the urethra proximally and the distal opening of the tunnel at the tip of the penis.

RESULTS: After 12 months, the patient had a forward stream, no dilatation of the neourethra, and no penile curvature upon morning erection (as reported by the parents).

CONCLUSION: This initial experience with saphenous vein urethroplasty shows that the technique is feasible, and may provide a reliable and practical alternative to the current techniques.

Shaeer, O., "Methylene blue-guided repair of fractured penis.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 3, issue 2, pp. 349-54, 2006 Mar. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Fracture of the penis is a condition where excessive force applied to the long axis of the penis in the erect state results in rupture of the tunica albuginea of the corpus cavernosum. Surgical management can be confusing and time-consuming due to the concealment of the tear in organized blood and edematous tissue, necessitating extensive dissection in friable traumatized tissues, especially if the tear is a small one, or if there are multiple tears.

AIM: The present work investigates the value of methylene blue in aiding the localization of tunical and urethral tears in such cases.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twelve cases with delayed presentation of fracture penis were managed. In six patients, methylene blue was injected into the corpora cavernosa and through the urethral meatus to point out tears. In the other six patients, methylene blue was not used.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Operative time and complication rate.

RESULTS: Operative time was considerably less in the group that received methylene blue, and the repair was more straightforward. Complications issued only in the group that did not receive methylene blue considering the extensive lengthy dissection.

CONCLUSION: Methylene blue-guided repair for trauma of the penis is an easy, reliable, safe, and fast method for spotting tears in the tunica albuginea of the corpora cavernosa or in the urethra, eliminating the need for unnecessary lengthening.

Shaeer, O., "Skin reduction technique for correction of lateral deviation of the erect straight penis.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 11, issue 7, pp. 1863-6, 2014 Jul. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Lateral deviation of the erect straight penis (LDESP) refers to a penis that despite being straight in the erect state, points laterally, yet can be directed forward manually without the use of force. While LDESP should not impose a negative impact on sexual function, it may have a negative cosmetic impact.

AIM: This work describes skin reduction technique (SRT) for correction of LDESP.

METHODS: Counseling was offered to males with LDESP after excluding other abnormalities. Surgery was performed in case of failed counseling. In the erect state, the degree and direction of LDESP were noted. Skin on the base of the penis on the contralateral side of LDESP was excised from the base of the penis and the edges approximated to correct LDESP. Further excision was repeated if needed. The incision was closed in two layers.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Long-term efficacy of SRT was the main outcome measure.

RESULTS: Out of 183 males with LDESP, 66.7% were not sexually active. Counseling relieved 91.8% of cases. Fifteen patients insisted on surgery, mostly from among the sexually active where the complaint was mutual from the patient and partner. SRT resulted in full correction of the angle of erection in 12 cases out of 15. Two had minimal recurrence, and one had major recurrence indicating re-SRT.

CONCLUSIONS: LDESP is more common a complaint among those who have not experienced coital relationship, and is mostly relieved by counseling. However, sexually active males with this complaint are more difficult to relieve by counseling. A minority of patients may opt for surgical correction. SRT achieves a forward erection in such patients, is minimally invasive, and relatively safe, provided the angle of erection can be corrected manually without force. Shaeer O. Skin reduction technique for correction of lateral deviation of the erect straight penis.

Shaeer, O., and K. Shaeer, "Delayed complications of gel injection for penile girth augmentation.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 6, issue 7, pp. 2072-8, 2009 Jul. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Penile girth augmentation is a domain of extensive controversy and debate. A variety of methods is available for the choice of the surgeon including dermal-fat grafts and flaps. The need for a simple procedure with minimal donor site has lead to proposing injection therapy for penile augmentation, whether by fat or synthetic materials.

AIM: This work reports on a male patient suffering a deforming subcutaneous mass in the penis following penile girth augmentation by injection therapy using synthetic material, and describes its management, and pathologic analysis of the extracted tissue.

METHODS: The mass was excised through a circumferential subcoronal incision while maintaining skin vascularity and integrity of the corpora. The excised tissue was microscopically examined.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cosmetic and functional results of surgical correction.

RESULTS: Cosmetic and functional outcome were acceptable. Pathology examination revealed features of foreign body granuloma.

CONCLUSION: Injection of fillers for girth augmentation of the penile shaft may result in delayed complications including migration, granulomatous reaction, and resorption that may occur beyond the follow-up span of the currently available study that recommends its use.

Shaeer, O., "Penile prosthesis implantation in cases of fibrosis: ultrasound-guided cavernotomy and sheathed trochar excavation.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 4, issue 3, pp. 809-14, 2007 May. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Implantation of a penile prosthesis into fibrosed corpora cavernosa is a difficult and risky procedure. Specialized instruments that assist safer and more efficient excavation include Otis Urethrotome and various cavernotomes, all of which operate underneath the tunica albuginea, out of sight. The blind use of such instruments can result in perforation of the tunica albuginea or injury to the urethra.

AIM: This work describes the utility of ultrasonography for adding visual monitoring to any of the above-mentioned instruments, maintaining them in the mid-corpus cavernosum position to avoid perforation, and describes the application of alternative sheathed, sharp instruments that allow fast, efficient, and visually monitored drilling into fibrous tissue.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical outcome data were examined.

METHODS: Surgery was performed on five cases with extensive fibrosis of the penis. Initial blunt dilatation by Hegar dilators faced considerable resistance. An ultrasound probe was applied to the ventral aspect of the penis. A laparoscopy sheath was advanced under ultrasound guidance up to the fibrous tissue. A sharp laparoscopy trochar was inserted through the sheath. Its tip was oriented in the mid-corpus cavernosum by longitudinal and transverse sonography sections, as it drilled into the fibrous tissue. Laparoscopy scissors were used in the same fashion to cut fibrous tissue lumps. After full excavation, penile prosthesis was implanted.

RESULTS: All implants survived adequately. No complications occurred following implantation. Operative time ranged from 50 to 60 minutes. No difficulty was encountered at excavation.

CONCLUSION: Ultrasound guidance can be a handy adjunct to any of the available techniques developed for excavating the fibrosed corpora cavernosa, with a possible decrease in difficulty and complication rate of the procedure. Utility of sheathed, sharp instruments guided by sonography is an alternative to the cavernotomes, allowing fast and efficient drilling into fibrous tissue.

Shaeer, O., D. Skakke, A. Giraldi, E. Shaeer, and K. Shaeer, "Female Orgasm and Overall Sexual Function and Habits: A Descriptive Study of a Cohort of U.S. Women", J Sex Med, vol. 17, issue 6, pp. 1133-1143, 2020. 4-_female_orgasm_and_overall_sexual_function_and_habits.pdf
Shaeer, O., and K. Shaeer, "The Global Online Sexuality Survey (GOSS): male homosexuality among Arabic-speaking internet users in the Middle East--2010.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 11, issue 10, pp. 2414-20, 2014 Oct. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of male homosexuality is difficult to elicit considering the sensitivity of one's sexual orientation. The Global Online Sexuality Survey (GOSS) is an online epidemiologic study of male and female sexuality. The online nature of GOSS allows more confidentiality and wider geographic reach, particularly important in investigating sexual issues within the more conservative societies.

AIM: This study aims to determine the prevalence of male homosexuality among Internet users in the Arabic-speaking Middle East and the unique characteristics of this subset of the population.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of male homosexuality.

METHODS: In the year 2010, GOSS was offered to Arabic-speaking web surfers above 18 years of age in the Middle East. Potential participants were invited via advertising on Facebook®. Invitations were dispatched randomly with the exception of geographic region and age, regardless web surfing preferences. GOSS relied in part on validated questionnaires such as the International Index of Erectile Function, as well on other nonvalidated questions.

RESULTS: 17.1% reported desire toward the same sex, of whom 5.6% had homosexual encounters, mostly in the form of external stimulation rather than intercourse, and exclusively undercover. An overwhelming majority was ego-dystonic (78.2%).

CONCLUSION: This is--to our knowledge--the first online survey to address the prevalence of homosexual orientation and practice in the Middle East, discriminating desire from practice, ego-syntonic from ego-dystonic, and investigating the pattern of practice. Homosexual desire is present in the Middle East as it is around the world, and homosexual encounters are as prevalent. Yet, the undercover and ego-dystonic states prevail.

Shaeer, O., "Supersizing the penis following penile prosthesis implantation.", The journal of sexual medicine, vol. 7, issue 7, pp. 2608-16, 2010 Jul. Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Following implantation of a penile prosthesis, some couples are dissatisfied with penile length, girth, shaft, or glans engorgement. This may be delusional because of the procedure per se or preexisting risk factors such as neglected priapism, Peyronie's disease, radical prostatectomy, or overhanging suprapubic fat.

AIM: In this work, we try to enhance penile size in patients dissatisfied with its dimensions following implantation of a penile prosthesis, using various augmentation techniques.

METHODS: Eighteen patients who have had penile prostheses implanted were enrolled in this study based on dissatisfaction with penile size. The complaint was relieved by counseling and administration of PDE5 inhibitors in seven patients. Two patients had elongation, girth augmentation, and glans injection; six had elongation and girth augmentation; and two had elongation and glans injection.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Penile size, satisfaction, and sexual function.

RESULTS: Average preoperative length and girth were 7.87 cm and 11.62 cm, respectively. Mean postoperative length and girth were 11.62 cm and 14.07 cm. The gain in length (47.6%) and girth (21%) were statistically significant (P < 0.005). All patients and partners were satisfied with the results following surgery except one who suffered graft loss.

CONCLUSION: Implantation of a penile prosthesis may improve penile rigidity, yet may confound couple's satisfaction with penile size to variable degrees. Sex education may alleviate those concerns. In refractory cases, penile augmentation may enhance phallic size and increase patient/partner satisfaction.