DIAGNOdent versus International Caries Detection and Assessment System in detection of incipient carious lesions: A diagnostic accuracy study

Citation:
Shaalan, O., "DIAGNOdent versus International Caries Detection and Assessment System in detection of incipient carious lesions: A diagnostic accuracy study", Journal of Conservative Dentistry, vol. 26, issue 2, pp. 199-206, March 1, 2023.

Abstract:

Aim: The present investigation aimed at assessing the diagnostic accuracy of DIAGNOdent compared to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System-II (ICDAS-II) in the detection of facial, smooth surface noncavitated carious lesions.Settings and Design: Sixty patients were enrolled in the current study according to the eligibility criteria. There were 161 teeth with noncavitated, white spot carious lesions and 32 sound teeth.Materials and Methods: Before examination, teeth were cleaned and polished and all patients were assessed under standardized operating conditions: preset dental unit position, operating light, and prolonged air drying (approximately 5 s). All teeth were assessed by two calibrated examiners individually without any contact using ICDAS-II and DIAGNOdent.Statistical Analysis: The diagnostic accuracy of DIAGNOdent device was determined, including sensitivity, specificity, overall accuracy, positive and negative predictive values, and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Chi-square test was conducted to compare the distribution of ICDAS-II and DIAGNOdent scores. Inter-observer agreement between assessors was evaluated using Cohen's kappa test.Results: In the current study, DIAGNOdent had an overall accuracy of 84.45% with sensitivity and specificity of 87.58% and 96.87%, respectively, and +PV and −PV of 97.7% and 83.9%, respectively, when score 0 represented sound tooth surface, while scores 1 and 2 were considered clinically noncavitated carious lesions. Moreover, when only ICDAS score 1 was considered representing first visual change in enamel, DIAGNOdent had an accuracy of 74.15% with sensitivity and specificity of 83.53% and 90.62%, respectively, and +PV and −PV of 93% and 78.6%, respectively. In the present study, when only ICDAS score 2 was considered representing distinct visual change in enamel, DIAGNOdent had an accuracy of 100% with sensitivity and specificity of 100% and 100%, respectively, and +PV and −PV of 100% and 100%, respectively.Conclusions: The overall performance of DIAGNOdent was equivalent to the visual inspection using ICDAS-II. DIAGNOdent might be considered a useful adjunctive device for detection and monitoring development of noncavitated carious lesions on facial smooth surfaces.

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