Telavancin pharmacokinetics in patients with chronic kidney disease receiving haemodialysis.

Gharibian, K. N., S. J. Lewis, M. Heung, J. H. Segal, N. N. Salama, and B. A. Mueller, "Telavancin pharmacokinetics in patients with chronic kidney disease receiving haemodialysis.", The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, vol. 77, issue 1, pp. 174-180, 2021.


BACKGROUND: Telavancin is a lipoglycopeptide antibiotic with limited pharmacokinetic data to guide drug dosing in patients receiving haemodialysis.

OBJECTIVES: This study characterized telavancin pharmacokinetics in patients receiving haemodialysis.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a Phase IV, prospective, open-label, single-centre, crossover pharmacokinetic study ( NCT02392208). Eight subjects with end-stage kidney disease requiring maintenance haemodialysis (mean ± SD: 47 ± 20 years, 69.5 ± 17.1 kg) received 5 mg/kg telavancin IV 3 h before starting a 3.5 hour haemodialysis treatment with a high-permeability haemodialyser (haemodialysis period). After a 14 day washout period, a second 5 mg/kg dose was administered post-haemodialysis (control period). Telavancin plasma concentrations were measured over a 2 day period after each dose and non-compartmental pharmacokinetic analyses were performed.

RESULTS: The geometric mean (GM) of telavancin overall clearance was 11.2 mL/h/kg (intrinsic clearance and dialytic clearance) in the haemodialysis period and 5.9 mL/h/kg (off-haemodialysis clearance) in the control period [GM ratio (GMR) = 1.89; 90% CI: 1.70-2.10; P < 0.01]. The GM t½ was 13.1 h when haemodialysis occurred 3 h post-dosing in the haemodialysis period but extended to 20.9 h with post-haemodialysis dosing in the control period (GMR = 0.63; 90% CI: 0.54-0.73; P < 0.01). The GM of telavancin plasma concentrations removed by haemodialysis was 27.7%. The GMR of peak plasma concentration and volume of distribution of the haemodialysis period and the control period were 0.88 (90% CI: 0.79-0.98; P = 0.08) and 1.17 (90% CI: 1.05-1.30; P = 0.048), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: Haemodialysis with high-permeability haemodialysers removes telavancin considerably (∼⅓ of body load). Telavancin 5 mg/kg every 48 h post-haemodialysis dosing is recommended, but dose adjustments may be warranted if haemodialysis starts within 3 h of telavancin administration.