Ali, N. M., T. A. Ali, and N. A. D. I. A. H. RAFAT, "Modeling of Perovskite solar cells containing hexagonal-shaped nanorods", Optical and Quantum Electronics, vol. 54, no. 2: Springer, pp. 1–14, 2022. Abstract
Mousa, M. A., N. A. D. I. A. H. RAFAT, and A. A. E. Saleh, "Toward spectrometerless instant Raman identification with tailored metasurfaces-powered guided-mode resonances (GMR) filters", Nanophotonics, vol. 10, no. 18: De Gruyter, pp. 4567–4577, 2021. Abstract
AbdelAziz, H. H., T. A. Ali, and N. A. D. I. A. H. RAFAT, "Plasmonic sphere-cube nano dimer for silicon solar cells power absorbance enhancement", Optical and Quantum Electronics, vol. 53, no. 9: Springer, pp. 1–13, 2021. Abstract
AbdelAziz, H. H., T. A. Ali, and N. A. D. I. A. H. RAFAT, "Plasmonic Yolk-Shell Nano Structures for Solar Cells Absorbance Enhancement", {IOP} Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 956: {IOP} Publishing, pp. 012018, oct, 2020. AbstractWebsite

In this research we study the enhancement in power absorbance of thin film silicon solar cells by plasmonic yolk-shell (YS) nano particles. Plasmonic YS nano particles are simulated on top/bottom position of thin film Si layers. We suggest different structures of YS and simulate the behaviour of such structures using a FDTD simulations. We calculate the limiting photocurrent taking into consideration the enhanced absorbance of the cell. The simulation results show multi-peaked and broad band power absorbance enhancement all over the solar spectrum. The power absorbance enhanced into solar cell by 64% over planar ultra-thin 300 nm Si cell.

Ali, N. M., T. A. Ali, and N. A. D. I. A. H. RAFAT, "A comparison between different structures of perovskite nanorod solar cells", Optik, vol. 202, pp. 163645, 2020. AbstractWebsite

Perovskite is considered a very promising material in solar energy harvesting. Combining the advantages of Perovskite material and nanorod structure, Perovskite nanorod solar cell (PNSC) is believed to achieve a high conversion efficiency with low cost and simple fabrication processes. The rapid increasing efficiency of fabricated PNSC increases the demand for an efficient and accurate modeling that can simulate the parameters performance of the cell and estimate the important outputs. In this work, we simulate different structures of Perovskite nanorod solar cells namely; cylindrical rod, cone rod, inverted-cone rod, and modulated rod. The simulation is based on the finite element method. The material of the modeled cell is TiO2/CH3NH3PbI3 and we optimize the rod length, radius and spacing between rods for all structures to achieve the maximum conversion efficiency. The best efficiency is 18.6% for a cell of cylindrical rod of rod length, rod radius and rods spacing equal 400 nm, 5 nm and 65 nm, respectively.

Ali, N. M., T. A. Ali, and N. H. Rafat, "Two-Dimensional Model for Perovskite Nanorod Solar Cells: A Dark Case Study", IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 1668-1677, 2019. Abstract
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Hussein, H. M. E., T. A. Ali, and N. A. D. I. A. H. RAFAT, "A review on the techniques for building all-optical photonic crystal logic gates", Optics & Laser Technology, vol. 106, pp. 385 - 397, 2018. AbstractWebsite

Recently, photonic crystals have emerged to contribute in building all-optical computers and optical communication systems. This is due to the urgent need for faster computers and mobiles with high speed processing of data and with higher data transmission rates. In this paper we review the operation of photonic crystal logic gates and depict the different design techniques that produce a wide range of structures realizing the logic functions. We investigate several techniques such as self-collimated beam, multi-mode interference, interference based defect method and nonlinear Kerr materials based gates. As a summary, we compare the various key features of each design and illustrate the advantages and disadvantages of each design technique.

El-Mahallawi, I. S., A. A. Abdel-Rehim, N. Khattab, N. A. D. I. A. H. RAFAT, and H. Badr, "Effect of Nano-Graphite Dispersion on the Thermal Solar Selective Absorbance of Polymeric-Based Coating Material", Energy Technology 2018, Cham, Springer International Publishing, pp. 523–533, 2018. Abstract

The basic part of solar water heaters is the collector and the main functional part of the collector is the absorber layer. In this work, a commercial locally available black painting (PACEN code 10382 colour 890), used for swimming pools solar heating, was modified by adding nano-graphite dispersion. The effect of nano-graphite particles percentage on the spectral absorbance of the material was examined on samples containing two values of 1.5 and 2.5{%} nano-graphite particles by weight. Fourier transform spectroscopy (FTIR) analysisFourier transform spectroscopy (FTIR) was also used to identify the functional groups in the developed material. A simple experimental setup was designed to evaluate the performance of the developed nanodispersed selective coating polymeric based material, by measuring the increase in temperature of circulating water. It was shown that adding 1.5–2.5{%} nano-graphite particles to a polymer based black coating causes an increase in the optical absorptance, and an increase in the circulating water temperature.

Hussein, H. M. E., T. A. Ali, and N. A. D. I. A. H. RAFAT, "New designs of a complete set of Photonic Crystals logic gates", Optics Communications, vol. 411, pp. 175 - 181, 2018. AbstractWebsite