Alleviation of drought-induced oxidative stress in maize (Zea mays L.) plants by dual application of 24-epibrassinolide and spermine

Talaat, N. B., B. T. Shawky, and A. S. Ibrahim, "Alleviation of drought-induced oxidative stress in maize (Zea mays L.) plants by dual application of 24-epibrassinolide and spermine", Environmental and Experimental Botany, vol. 113, pp. 47 - 58, 2015.


Abstract Dual application [24-epibrassinolide (EBL) and spermine (Spm)] influence on the antioxidant machinery in water-stressed plants has received no attention. The present study, as a first investigation, was conducted with an aim to investigate the effects of EBL, Spm and their dual application on the \{ROS\} scavenging antioxidant defense machinery in plants subjected to drought conditions. This approach was assessed as possible mechanisms of drought tolerance and how these applications protect plants against oxidative stress. To achieve this goal, two maize hybrids (Giza 10 and Giza 129) were subjected to well-watered conditions and water-stressed conditions (75% and 50% of field capacity) with and without \{EBL\} and/or Spm foliar application. The grains were sown in plastic pots containing clay-loam (sand 37%, silt 28%, clay 35%) soil (Inceptisols; FAO), under greenhouse condition. Water deficiency significantly reduced growth, productivity, and membrane stability index, particularly in hybrid Giza 10. However, the follow-up treatment with the dual application (25 mg l?1 Spm + 0.1 mg l?1 EBL) detoxified the stress generated by drought and significantly improved the above parameters, particularly in hybrid Giza 129. Drought stress significantly increased \{H2O2\} and \{O2\} ? contents and caused oxidative stress to lipids assessed by the increase in \{MDA\} content. However, they were significantly decreased in stressed plants treated with the dual application. Moreover, dual application alleviated the detrimental effects of drought on the electrolyte leakage. Activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase, ascorbate peroxidase, and glutathione reductase and levels of ascorbate, glutathione, proline, and glycinebetaine were increased in response to drought treatments as well as foliar applications. Dual application significantly alleviated drought-induced inhibition in the activities of monodehydroascorbate reductase and dehydroascorbate reductase as well as in the ratios of AsA/DHA and GSH/GSSG. Overall, dual application improved the plant drought tolerance and decreased the accumulation of \{ROS\} by enhancing their scavenging through elevation of antioxidant enzymes activity and improving the redox state of ascorbate and glutathione.



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