Recessive variants impair actin remodeling and cause glomerulopathy in humans and mice.

Citation:
Recessive variants impair actin remodeling and cause glomerulopathy in humans and mice., Majmundar, Amar J., Buerger Florian, Forbes Thomas A., Klämbt Verena, Schneider Ronen, Deutsch Konstantin, Kitzler Thomas M., Howden Sara E., Scurr Michelle, Tan Ker Sin, et al. , Science advances, Volume 7, Issue 1, (2021)

Abstract:

Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a leading cause of chronic kidney disease. We found recessive variants in two families with early-onset NS by exome sequencing. Overexpression of wild-type (WT) , but not cDNA constructs bearing patient variants, increased active CDC42 and promoted filopodia and podosome formation. Pharmacologic inhibition of CDC42 or its effectors, formin proteins, reduced NOS1AP-induced filopodia formation. knockdown reduced podocyte migration rate (PMR), which was rescued by overexpression of WT but not by constructs bearing patient variants. PMR in knockdown podocytes was also rescued by constitutively active or the formin Modeling a patient variant in knock-in human kidney organoids revealed malformed glomeruli with increased apoptosis. mice recapitulated the human phenotype, exhibiting proteinuria, foot process effacement, and glomerulosclerosis. These findings demonstrate that recessive variants impair CDC42/DIAPH-dependent actin remodeling, cause aberrant organoid glomerulogenesis, and lead to a glomerulopathy in humans and mice.

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