Effect of alfacalcidol on the pulmonary function of adult asthmatic patients: A randomized trial

Citation:
I, A., S. Selim, M. M. Abbassi, and N. A. Sabry, "Effect of alfacalcidol on the pulmonary function of adult asthmatic patients: A randomized trial", Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, vol. 118, issue 5, pp. 557 - 563, 2017.

Abstract:

Background Despite the use of alfacalcidol in the management of corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis, it has never been considered an adjunct treatment for asthma management. It can target vitamin D deficiency, a possible risk factor for asthma, and, hence, improve pulmonary function of patients with asthma. Objective To explore the effect of alfacalcidol administration on pulmonary function and study the pattern of vitamin D deficiency in adults with asthma in Egypt. Methods Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D was measured in 115 adults: 33 healthy subjects and 82 patients with asthma. Then, patients with asthma were randomized to receive standard asthma treatment only (n = 39) or receive it in addition to 1 μg of alfacalcidol daily for 4 months (n = 43). Randomization was stratified by the stage of asthma severity. Spirometry and measurement of 25-hydroxyvitamin were performed at baseline and end of follow-up. Results Vitamin D deficiency was more common in patients with asthma (57.3%) than in healthy subjects (21.2%; P <.001). In patients with asthma, alfacalcidol significantly improved forced expiratory volume in the first second and forced vital capacity (P <.001 for the 2 tests). Moreover, more patients in the intervention arm showed improvement in asthma severity stage (P =.04). A nonsignificant difference was observed in improvement of forced expiratory volume in the first second between patients with vitamin D deficiency and those without deficiency in the intervention group (P >.05). Conclusion Alfacalcidol supplementation improved the pulmonary function and severity stage of adult patients with asthma regardless of deficiency. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02747381. © 2017 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology

Notes:

Cited By :7Export Date: 19 July 2022

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