Molecular detection of Capillaria philippinensis: An emerging zoonosis in Egypt.

El-Dib, N. A., A. A. El-Badry, T. - H. Ta-Tang, and J. M. Rubio, "Molecular detection of Capillaria philippinensis: An emerging zoonosis in Egypt.", Experimental parasitology, vol. 154, pp. 127-33, 2015 Jul.


Human infection with Capillaria philippinensis is accidental; however, it may end fatally if not diagnosed and treated in the proper time. The first case was detected in the Philippines in 1963, but later reported in other countries around the world, including Egypt. In this report, molecular diagnosis using a specific nested PCR for detection of C. philippinensis in faeces is described based on the amplification of small ribosomal subunit. The test showed sensitivity and specificity, as it detected all the positive cases and gave no cross-reaction with human DNA and DNA of other tested parasites. This method can be very useful not only for improvement of diagnosis, but also to understand the different environmental routes of transmission by detection of C. philippinensis DNA-stages in the possible fish intermediate hosts and reservoir animal host, helping to improve strategies for surveillance and prevention of human disease.