Hago, S., E. A. Mahrous, M. Moawad, S. Abdel-Wahab, and E. Abdel-Sattar, "Evaluation of antidiabetic activity of L. and L. leaves as Egyptian remedies used for the treatment of diabetes.", Natural product research, vol. 35, issue 5, pp. 829-835, 2021. Abstract

are used in the Egyptian folk medicine for their hypoglycemic effects. The standardized ethanolic extracts of both plants caused a significant decrease in fasting blood glucose level at two different doses (250 and 500 mg/kg) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats' model. Further, antioxidant activity and α-glucosidase inhibition assays were conducted as well as the measurement of insulin levels and the biomarkers for both liver and kidney functions in the treated animals. Beneficiary effects of BMLE and BVLE in the treatment of diabetes were found not to be limited to hypoglycemic effect but included preventing liver and kidney tissue damage that are associated with diabetes. A strong inhibition of the α-glucosidase enzyme by both extracts may be a contributing mechanism in the overall anti-diabetic effect that was observed. Further detailed study is needed in the future to explore the mechanism of action of both plants.

Shokry, M. M., I. A. Khalil, A. El-Kasapy, A. Osman, A. Mostafa, M. Salah, and I. M. El-Sherbiny, "Multifunctional prosthetic polyester-based hybrid mesh for repairing of abdominal wall hernias and defects.", Carbohydrate polymers, vol. 223, pp. 115027, 2019. Abstract

This study involves the design, development and evaluation of a new multifunctional prosthetic mesh for treatment of abdominal wall defects without complications. The developed prosthetic mesh is a hybrid platform of both synthetic and natural materials with its backbone consisting of a synthetic commercial polyester fabric (CPF) to provide the required mechanical integrity. The CPF mesh was coated by a natural biodegradable, biocompatible and antimicrobial layer of chitosan (CS) incorporating phenytoin (PH)-loaded pluronic nanomicelles for healing promotion, and ciprofloxacin (CPX)-alginate polyelectrolyte complex-based microparticles as antibacterial agent. The prosthetic mesh was optimized and evaluated in-vitro and in-vivo. The optimum PH-loaded micelles had particle size of 95.42 nm, polydispersity index of 0.41, zeta potential of -18 and entrapment efficiency of 89.4%, while the optimum CPX microcomplexes had particle size of 1292.0 nm, polydispersity index of 0.8, zeta potential of -20.1, complexation efficiency of 81.1%, and minimum inhibitory concentration of 0.25 μg/ml and 0.125 μg/ml against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, respectively. In-vivo study on abdominal wall defect dog model was conducted, followed by implantation of the proposed prosthetic meshes. The developed mesh depicted an efficient healing with excellent biocompatibility, and could be an ideal and feasible alternative prosthesis with many advantages such as low cost, inertness, mechanical stability, pliability, low infection rate, limited modification by body tissues, sterilizability, non-carcinogenicity, limited inflammatory reaction, hypoallergenic as well as minimal complications.

Ali, S. S., M. S. Moawad, M. A. Hussein, M. Azab, E. A. Abdelkarim, A. Badr, J. Sun, and M. Khalil, "Efficacy of metal oxide nanoparticles as novel antimicrobial agents against multi-drug and multi-virulent Staphylococcus aureus isolates from retail raw chicken meat and giblets.", International journal of food microbiology, vol. 344, pp. 109116, 2021. Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus is among the most common zoonotic pathogens originating from animals consumed as food, especially raw chicken meat (RCM). As far as we know, this might be the first report that explores the efficacy of metal oxide nanoparticles (MONPs), such as zinc peroxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs), zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs), and titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO-NPs) against multidrug resistant (MDR) and/or pandrug resistant (PDR) S. aureus strains with a strong biofilm-producing ability isolated from RCM and giblets. The overall prevalence of coagulase-positive staphylococci was 21%, with a contamination level range between 10 and 10 CFU/g. The incidence of virulence genes See (21/36), pvl (16/36), clfA (15/36), sec (12/36), tst (12/36), and sea (11/36) among S. aureus strains were relatively higher those of seb, sed, fnbA, and fnbB. For antimicrobial resistance gene distribution, most strains harbored the blaZ gene (25/36), aacA-aphD gene (24/36), mecA gene (22/36), vanA gene (20/36), and apmA gene (20/36) confirmed the prevalence of MDR among S. aureus of RCM products. However, cfr (11/36), spc (9/36), and aadE (7/36) showed a relatively lower existence. The data of antibiogram resistance profiles was noticeably heterogeneous (25 patterns) with 32 MDR and four PDR S. aureus strains. All tested strains had a very high MAR index value (>0.2) except the P11 pattern (GEN, MXF, PMB), which showed a MAR index of 0.19. Among the strong biofilm-producing ability (BPA), 14 (70%) strains were isolated from wet markets, while only six strong BPA strains were isolated from supermarkets. The mean values of BPA ranged from 2.613 ± 0.04 to 11.013 ± 0.05. Clearly, ZnO-NPs show significant inhibitory activity against S. aureus strains compared with those produced by the action of ZnO-NPs and TiO-NPs. The results of anti-inflammatory activity suggest ZnO-NPs as a lead compound for designing an alternative antimicrobial agent against drug-resistant and strong biofilm-producing S. aureus isolates from retail RCM and giblets.

Ali, S. S., R. Al-Tohamy, E. Koutra, M. S. Moawad, M. Kornaros, A. M. Mustafa, Y. A. - G. Mahmoud, A. Badr, M. E. H. Osman, T. Elsamahy, et al., "Nanobiotechnological advancements in agriculture and food industry: Applications, nanotoxicity, and future perspectives.", The Science of the total environment, vol. 792, pp. 148359, 2021. Abstract

The high demand for sufficient and safe food, and continuous damage of environment by conventional agriculture are major challenges facing the globe. The necessity of smart alternatives and more sustainable practices in food production is crucial to confront the steady increase in human population and careless depletion of global resources. Nanotechnology implementation in agriculture offers smart delivery systems of nutrients, pesticides, and genetic materials for enhanced soil fertility and protection, along with improved traits for better stress tolerance. Additionally, nano-based sensors are the ideal approach towards precision farming for monitoring all factors that impact on agricultural productivity. Furthermore, nanotechnology can play a significant role in post-harvest food processing and packaging to reduce food contamination and wastage. In this review, nanotechnology applications in the agriculture and food sector are reviewed. Implementations of nanotechnology in agriculture have included nano- remediation of wastewater for land irrigation, nanofertilizers, nanopesticides, and nanosensors, while the beneficial effects of nanomaterials (NMs) in promoting genetic traits, germination, and stress tolerance of plants are discussed. Furthermore, the article highlights the efficiency of nanoparticles (NPs) and nanozymes in food processing and packaging. To this end, the potential risks and impacts of NMs on soil, plants, and human tissues and organs are emphasized in order to unravel the complex bio-nano interactions. Finally, the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of nanotechnology are evaluated and discussed to provide a broad and clear view of the nanotechnology potentials, as well as future directions for nano-based agri-food applications towards sustainability.


I- Teaching Skills


University Teaching staff at Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University (2004 - Present)

Computer Skills

Computer Skills


A.     Nanotoxicology


2003          PhD          Genotoxicity and Molecular Biology          University of Zurich, Switzerland


  1. Assistant Professor of Toxicology and Forensic Genetics at Veterinary College, Cairo University
  2. Ph.D.