Effects of ionic interactions on protein stability prediction using solid-state hydrogen deuterium exchange with mass spectrometry (ssHDX-MS)

Citation:
AbouGhaly, M. H. H., J. Du, S. M. Patel, and E. M. Topp, Effects of ionic interactions on protein stability prediction using solid-state hydrogen deuterium exchange with mass spectrometry (ssHDX-MS), , vol. 568, pp. 118512, 2019.

Abstract:

Deuterium incorporation in solid-state hydrogen deuterium exchange with mass spectrometry (ssHDX-MS) has been correlated with protein aggregation on storage in sugar-based solid matrices. Here, the effects of sucrose, arginine and histidine buffer on the rate of aggregation of a lyophilized monoclonal antibody (mAb) were assessed using design of experiments (DoE) and response surface methodology. Lyophilized formulations were characterized using ssHDX-MS and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ssFTIR) to assess potential correlation with stability in solid state. The samples were subjected to storage stability at 5 °C and stressed stability at 40 °C/75% RH for 6 months, and the aggregation rate was measured using size exclusion chromatography (SEC). Different levels of arginine had no significant effect on deuterium uptake in ssHDX-MS, although stability studies showed that aggregation rate decreased with increasing arginine concentration. Similarly, when histidine buffer was replaced with phosphate buffer at the same pH and molarity, ssHDX-MS showed no differences in deuterium uptake, but storage stability studies showed a significant increase in aggregation rate. The results suggest that proteins can be stabilized in amorphous solids by ionic interactions which ssHDX-MS does not detect, an important indication of the limitations of the method.

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