Clinical, Biochemical and Ultrasonographic Investigation in Chronic Cystitis in Dromedary Camels

Citation:
Clinical, Biochemical and Ultrasonographic Investigation in Chronic Cystitis in Dromedary Camels, W.M. El-Deeb, A.M. Al-Mujalli, Fouda T. A., and Zabady M. K. , Journal of Camel Practice and Research, Volume 22, Issue 2, p.227-230, (2015)

Abstract:

This study pointed to explore clinical, biochemical, bacteriological and ultrasonographic changes in camels with chronic cystitis (n=15) and control animals (n=15). Blood and urine samples from these camels were submitted to laboratory investigations. The camels with chronic cystitis showed pollakiuria, dysuria, stranguria, haematuria, and inappropriate urination. The urine analysis revealed haematuria and pyuria. The isolated bacteria were E. coli (n=15), Corynebacterium renale (n=13) and mixed bacterial culture (n=2). The laboratory analysis of blood samples revealed leukocytosis and neutrophilia in diseased camels when compared with healthy ones. There was significant increase in the levels of globulin and fibrinogen with significant decrease in the albumin levels in diseased camels when compared to healthy ones. There was non-significant changes in triglyceride, cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels in diseased camels when compared with healthy ones. The trans-rectal ultrasonographic examination in camels with chronic cystitis showed a narrow bladder lumen with severely thickened and corrugated bladder wall. Treatment trials failed in all cases under investigation.

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