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Aly, M. M., and M. A. Elchaghaby, "The prescription pattern and awareness about antibiotic prophylaxis and resistance among a group of Egyptian pediatric and general dentists: a cross sectional study.", BMC oral health, vol. 21, issue 1, pp. 322, 2021. Abstract

BACKGROUND: The use of antibiotics in dentistry as prophylaxis and treatment is frequent. Their misuse has led to a major public health problem globally known as antibiotic resistance. This study aimed to assess the pattern of antibiotic prescription and its prophylactic use for systemic conditions. Besides, this study evaluated the awareness and adherence to antibiotic prescription guidelines and antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines along with awareness of antibiotic resistance across pediatric and general dentists.

METHODS: An overall of 378 pediatric and general dentists meeting the required eligibility criteria, fulfilled a pre-designed validated questionnaire. Data were collected, tabulated, and statistically analyzed.

RESULTS: A significant statistical difference was found among the pediatric and general dentists regarding antibiotics prescription for most of the oral conditions where Amoxicillin with clavulanic acid was the most frequently prescribed antibiotic among the two groups (53% pediatric dentist and 52% general dentist). The majority of pediatric and general dentists, on the other hand, were aware of antibiotic resistance and prescribing recommendations.

CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed a tendency to overprescribe and overuse antibiotics in certain dental conditions among the participants. The vast majority of dentists, especially general dentists do not have adherence to professional guidelines for antibiotics prescription in children despite their awareness of antibiotic resistance and prescription guidelines.

Aly, M. M., and M. A. Elchaghaby, "Impact of novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on Egyptian dentists' fear and dental practice (a cross-sectional survey).", BDJ open, vol. 6, pp. 19, 2020. Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the fear of infection among Egyptian dentists practicing during the current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and to explore the dentist's knowledge about guidelines to fight the virus and to assess various modifications in dental practice.

Methods: An online survey was submitted to dental professionals. Data were collected through a validated questionnaire consisting of 23 closed-ended questions. The gathered data were statistically analyzed.

Results: An overall 216 dentists completed the survey. A total of 200 (92.6%) dental professionals were afraid of becoming infected with COVID-19 while 196 (90.7%) became anxious to treat patients showing suspicious symptoms. The majority of the participants were aware of the mode of transmission of COVID-19 and a lot of them were updated with the current Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) or World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for cross-infection control.

Conclusions: COVID-19 pandemic has a significant impact on dental professionals.

Aly, M. M., S. E. E. - D. Taha, M. A. El Sayed, R. Youssef, and H. M. Omar, "Clinical and radiographic evaluation of Biodentine and Mineral Trioxide Aggregate in revascularization of non-vital immature permanent anterior teeth (randomized clinical study).", International journal of paediatric dentistry, vol. 29, issue 4, pp. 464-473, 2019. Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To asses clinically and radiographically the effect of using two types of coronal plug materials in revascularization of non-vital immature teeth.

METHODS: A total of 26 necrotic immature permanent anterior teeth were enrolled for pulp revascularization using a double antibiotic mix for root canal disinfection. They were randomly divided into the following based on coronal plug materials used: Biodentine (Group I) and white Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (Group II; n = 13). Clinical and radiographic assessments were performed after 3, 6, 9, and 12 months.

RESULTS: When comparing the overall clinical successes and percentage of increase in root length between the two groups, there was no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05). There was a significant difference in the distribution of discoloration between the two groups. One case was reported in Group I, and seven cases were reported in Group II (P = 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Both Biodentine and Mineral Trioxide Aggregate were successful clinically regarding the resolution of signs and symptoms associated with the necrotic teeth.

Ali, M. M., P. D. S. E. E. D. Taha, D. S. B. Youness, and D. E. Refaat, Relationship between Total Salivary Antioxidant Capacity and Caries Experience In a Group of Egyptian Children , : cairo, 2013.