weekly exam (week 5 multiple choice questions) female genital system

Weekly exam (week 5)


Female genital system


Choose the correct answer


1- The transition zone between the vagina and cervix is a common site of cervical dysplasia and cancer. What epithelial transition is seen in this zone?

  1. Vaginal simple squamous to cervical simple columnar

  2. Vaginal simple columnar to cervical simple squamous

  3. Vaginal simple squamous to cervical stratified columnar

  4. Vaginal stratified squamous to cervical simple columnar

  5. Vaginal stratified squamous to cervical stratified columnar


2- The functional layer of the endometrium is composed of:

  1. simple squamous epithelium

  2. simple columnar epithelium

  3. stratified squamous epithelium

  4. simple cuboidal epithelium

  5. simple ciliated columnar epithelium


3- Which layer of the vaginal wall contains glands, such as lubrication mucus?

  1. mucosal layer

  2. submucosal layer

  3. muscular layer

  4. adventitial layer

  5. There are no glands in the vaginal wall


4- Basal zone of the endometrium is characterized by:

  1. Reserve part of the endometrium

  2. contains the necks of uterine glands

  3. contains spiral arteries

  4. undergoes cyclic changes

  5. sheds at the menstrual phase


5- One of the followings is characteristic for the secretory phase of the endometrium:

  1. Endometrium is about 2 mm thick

  2. Glands are straight with narrow lumen

  3. Glands accumulate glycogen.

  4. Controlled by estrogen secreted by ovarian follicles.

  5. constriction of the spiral vessels


6- Hofbauer cells are:

  1. stromal cells in the endometrium after fertilization.

  2. Macrophage cells originating from the fetal part of the placenta

  3. endocrine cells in the chorionic villi

  4. present in the intervillous spaces

  5. located in the cytotrophoblast layer.


7- Cyncytiotrophoblast is:

  1. the inner layer of the chorionic villi

  2. dissappear at the end of the 4th month of pregnancy.

  3. Has microvilli to invade the decidua parietalis.

  4. thin multinucleated layer covering the chorionic villi.

  5. has pale staining cytoplasm.


8- Which of the following statements concerning the vaginal mucosa is true?

  1. It is lined by stratified columnar epithelium.

  2. It is lined by stratified squamous keratinized epithelium.

  3. It possesses many elastic fibers.

  4. It possesses thick muscle layer.

  5. Its cells secrete lactic acid.


9- Each tubuloalveolar gland of the breast ends in which one of the following ducts?

  1. Lactiferous sinus.

  2. Areola.

  3. Lactiferous duct.

  4. Intercalary duct.

  5. Striated duct.


10- One of the following changes takes place in the pregnant and lactating mammary glands:

  1. Increase thickness of the connective tissue septa.

  2. Decreased fat cells.

  3. secretion of milk by holocrine mode of secretion.

  4. appearance of acini lined by pseudostratified columnar cells.

  5. Milk appears as basophilic vacuolated material inside the alveoli.


Answers:

1- d- Vaginal stratified squamous to cervical simple columnar

2- e- simple ciliated columnar epithelium

3- e- There are no glands in the vaginal wall

4- a- Reserve part of the endometrium

5- c- Glands accumulate glycogen.

6- b- Macrophage cells originating from the fetal part of the placenta

7- d. thin multinucleated layer covering the chorionic villi.

8- c- It possesses many elastic fibers.

9- c- Lactiferous duct.

10- b- Decreased fat cells.

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