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2012
Fawzy, K. M., M. El-Refai, M. S. E. I. - D. Darhous, and M. EI-Masry, Evaluation of the Use of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Periodontal Tissue Regeneration (Animal Study), , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. Abstractkarim_mohamed_fawzy.pdf

The aim of the present study was to investigate the periodontal regenerative
potential of gingival margin-derived mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells in an
animal model. Periodontal defects were induced at six sites in eight miniature-pigs
in the premolar/molar area. Autologous cells were isolated from the gingival
margin of each animal, magnetically sorted using STRO-1 antibodies and
characterized flow-cytometrically for the expression of CD14, CD31, CD34,
CD45, CD117 and STRO-1. Colony-formation and multilineage differentiation
potential were tested. The cells were expanded ex-vivo and loaded on BioOss®-
(test-group-1)-and Collagen-(test-group-2)-scaffolds and transplanted into the
animals, together with unloaded scaffolds (control-groups-1 and -2), sites
receiving subgingival debridement (control-group-3) and non-treatment controls
(control-group-4). Clinical attachment level (CAL), probing depth (PD), gingival
recession (GR) and subtraction volumetric computed tomography (CT)
examinations were performed at -4 weeks, baseline and 12 weeks. The histological
attachment level (HAL) was evaluated after 12 weeks in each group. Results of
this study revealed that cells were plastic-adherent, showed colony formation,
were CD14-, CD34-, CD45-, CD31+, CD117+, STRO-1+ and could be
differentiated into osteoblastic, adipocytic and chondroblastic directions. Testgroup-
1 and -2 showed considerable gains in CAL, PD, gingival height and HAL.
A significant radiographic defect fill was observed in test -group-1 compared to
control-group-4. In conclusion, mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells from the
gingival cervical margin showed a significant potential in regenerative periodontal
treatment.

Mahmoud, A. E. - R. E. - A. M. I., G. M. M. A. El-Maksoud, E. E. -din A. E. - S. El-Shazly, and F. A. E. - A. Afifi, Experimental Study on the Effectiveness of Natural Materials Used for the Protection of Mummies Against Deterioration Caused by Insects, with Application to an Ancient Mummy, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. abd_el-rahman_m._el-amin_i._mahmoud.pdf
El-Aziz, M. A. E. - W. A. M., S. N. A. El-Bary, and D. H. El-Rouby, Expression of CD147 (Stem Cell Marker) in Oral Dysplasia and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (Immunohistochemical Study), , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. Abstractmanar_abd_el-waniss_m._abd_el-aziz.pdf

The majority of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is preceded by oral
premalignant lesions (OPL). The transition of premalignancy into invasive
carcinoma necessitates the remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and
basement membrane which may be the first step of local invasion. This
remodeling is mediated by various soluble and cell surface molecules, including
extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN). Since EMMPRIN
plays such an important role in epithelial-connective tissue interactions, the
expression patterns of EMMPRIN were estimated in normal oral mucosa,
epithelial dysplasia and in different grades of OSCC in order to evaluate its role in
cancer progression. In the current study, immunohistochemical staining using anti
EMMPRIN antibody was conducted on 45 paraffin-embedded specimens of oral
epithelial dysplasia (OED) and oral squamous carcinoma (OSCC) and compared
with normal oral mucosa. The positive immunoreaction of EMMPRIN was
detected in both epithelium and underlying connective tissue. It was located at the
cell membrane or appeared as a granular cytoplasmic reaction.Generally, the
expression of EMMPRIN was significantly greater in OSCC followed
premalignant lesions than in the normal oral mucosa. However, its expression in
severe dysplasia was higher than in well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma
which supports its role in the invasion of cancer cells. As EMMPRIN is actively
involved in tumor growth, invasion and metastasis, its measurement may be
helpful in predicting patients' prognosis.

El-Wahab, A. E. - R. G. A., H. A. Hassan, and I. F. Imam, Extracting Flexible Hyperspectral Crops Patterns, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. abd_el-rahman_galal_abd_el-wahab.pdf
El-Heshe, D. M. H., A. M. Sharaky, and E. - S. I. Gaber, Geochemistry of Copper- Gold Deposits in the Nubian Shield; Case Study : Atud Gold Mine, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. Abstractdalia_moustafa_hamdy_el-heshe.pdf

The present work deals with the geology of gold deposits at Atud gold mine
area. Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. The basement complex of the Eastern Desert
is characterized by abundance of metamorphosed volcanic and volcanosedimentary
successions of greenshicst facies, dismembered ophiolitic complex,
gabbro- diorite- tonalite- series, and unmetamorphosed volcanic and pyroclastic
sequences. The gold deposits occur in different rock types of the Nubian Shield of
the Eastern Desert. The Atud gold mine is considered to be a mesothermal vein
type gold deposit containing quartz veins hosted mainly in Neoproterozoic dioritic
rocks. it is spatially and genetically associated with a metagabbro-diorite complex
emplaced at shallow levels in serpentinite and metasedimentary rocks.
Petrographically, the gabbroic rocks of Gabal Atud comprise different
petrographic varieties namely; olivine gabbro, pyroxene hornblende gabbro and
altered hornblende gabbro. Using satellite imagery and aerial photographs for the
study area, a geologic map showing the field relations, structural elements and
startigraphic lithology was described and discussed. Geochemical analyses,
petrochemical calculations, and plotting on the international binary and ternary
diagrams revealed that the serpentinites belongs to the metamorphic dunite, and
lherzolite associated with ophiolites. The metagabbros are of tholeiitic nature and
are of the cumulate type. The gabbro rocks are of subalkaline nature, and plot
mainly at tholeiite field. All of the gabbro samples clustered in the field of
island arc ocean floor basalts. Copper-gold mineralization at the Atud mine
occurs as fracture-filling auriferous quartz veins hosted in Neoproterozoic
dioritic rocks and along their contact with metagabbro. Gold mineralization
is associated with metasomatic alteration zones around shear zones and
Issue VI, Nov. 2013
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quartz-carbonate vein arrays. The mineralized veins consist of quartz,
carbonate and albite gangue enclosing minor amounts of pyrrhotite, arsenopyrite,
pyrite and sphalerite. Trace amounts of galena, chalcopyrite, magnetite and rutile
are also present.

Amin, E. M. S., and R. M. A. E. - R. EI-Gammal, Good Governance Indicators and Egyptian Media: An Empirical Study on a Sample of Governmental; Pnrtisan; and Independent Newspapers, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. Abstracteman_mohamed_soliman_amin.pdf

Govemance in one of the controversial concept which emerged in late of 1980
in international organizations arena as a justification to the failure of the aids in
achieving its goals in developed countries. The controversial of the concept is due
to its multiple dimensions, and different societal sectors which play vital role in
addition to the government in managing the state affairs, one of the main players
in media which play an important role in connecting different sectors in society by
sharing and providing information to each sector and to public. So, this study aims
to discover how Egyptian newspaper tackles good governance indicators and
concept, and the media role. Using content analysis methodology to a sample of
newspapers taking into account the representation of different political orientation,
during a period from November 2010 to February 2011, in which three different
issues emerged during this period parliament election 2010, the explosion of al
kedassen church in Alexandria, and the 25 Jan. revolution. The research problem
is to identify and analysis indicators of good governance in Egyptian newspaper
according to their different political orientation, towards some of the major issues
in Egypt, and to detect the variance after 25 Jan. Revolution. The study depends
mainly in its analysis to good governance indicators on the worldwide governance
indicators due to its wide geographical coverage, and it's inclusive to various fields
related to the indicators. The main results were: all newspapers addressee good
governance indicators, but they differ according to the political orientation of the
newspapers and the issues. As for the media role the results show that newspapers
work as information provider, and watchdog, and they present their vision for
reform.

Abdel-Aziz, D. M., D. A. A. El-Kholy, D. Z. S. Seliem, D. H. M. Agha, and D. A. E. El-tantawy, Hospital Acquired Infections in Post-operative Pediatric Cardiac Surgical ICU, , 2012.
Mohamed, M. T. M., A. A. EI-Wafa, and A. E. - A. Samak, Human Protection III Natural Disasters III Light of Public International Law and Islamic Law, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. Abstractmahmoud_tawfik_m._mohamed.pdf

In this study, I have dealt with the international legal rules and Islamic rules
concern with the protection of human life in natural disasters. The study is divided
into preliminary chapter and three main chapters. The preliminary chapter
identifies the meaning of natural disasters in the international law and in the
Islamic Law. The first chapter deals with human protection during these disasters
named as the international law against natural disasters. Islamic law has concerned
with the treatment of such disasters. The second threw lights on international
cooperation in natural disasters and specially in providing international and the
international human aids, their procedure and Islamic law position of them. At the
end, I have identified in the third chapter to international and Islamic mechanism
to achieve this target.

Mahmoud, F. A. E. - M., and A. E. - H. I. Shiha, The Image of Arab Women in Modernist Arabic Poetry, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. Abstractfatima_abd_el-motaleb_mahmoud.pdf

The research has examined the image of women in the modernist poem. This
analysis is based on an observation of the relationship between man and woman in
reality according to the poet's depiction, and then in comparison to the image of
the same relation as depicted in this poems. The research analyzes the image of
woman as a symbol which reflects multiple meanings. For example, the poet uses
the image of woman in his poem to indicate the place as a motherland, and also to
indicate the value of heritage, when he deals with historical and religious models
of women.

Hassan, A. D. A. F., S. A. A. El-Sayed, and M. E. T. Elkousy, Impact of a Designed Educational Program on Thyroidectomy Patients’ Discharge Compliance Instructions, , vol. 8, issue 11, 2012. Abstractcu_pdf.pdf

Complications following surgical removal of the thyroid gland can often be life-threatening. The risk for these complications illustrates the importance of long-term follow-up of patients treated for thyroid disorders. Health education emphasizes the importance of following medical advice in order to improve adherence to treatment. Thus the aim of this study was to design an educational program to fit with thyroidectomy patients, and to evaluate the effect of a designed educational program on discharge compliance. The PRECEDE/PROCEED model was used as theoretical framework. Aquasi-experimental design was used. Sample recruited in the study was 60 adult male and female patients admitted to general surgical wards at El Manial University Hospital affiliated to Cairo University. Data were collected utilizing four tools; 1) Socio-demographic and Medical Data Sheet; 2) Lifestyle Assessment Questionnaire, 3) Discharge Knowledge Questionnaire, and 4) Compliance Discharge Instructions. The study finding revealed that, there is a statistical significant improvement in discharge knowledge and compliance. Discharge compliance instructions including (Lifestyle and medication compliance) were gradually improved by time throughout the study period (3months) among the studied subjects (N=60). Conclusion: implementation of the designed educational program for thyroidectomy patients’ improved patient acquisition of knowledge and discharge compliance instructions. Application of such a designed program is highly recommended for thyroidectomy patients at general surgical wards to improve patients’ compliance and knowledge. Thus, this educational program could help in preventing complication, and re-hospitalization. Therefore, thyroidectomy patients’ outcome will be improved.

Hassan, A. M., M. M. Darwish, F. I. Fadel, and G. A. E. - Samman, "Impact of Cryotherapy on Pain Intensity at Puncture Sites of ArterioVenous Fistula among Children Undergoing Hemodialysis.", Journal of American Science, vol. 18, issue 4, 2012. cu_pdf.pdfcu_pdf
Zedan, M. A. A. E. - Z., and K. A. El-Giziry, The Impact of The Dividend Policy on the Stock Market Value, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. Abstractmai_ahmed_abd_el-zaher_zedan.pdf

The study aims to investigate the relationship between dividends policy and
market value. The study also describes the firm's financial performance and its
link to the type of dividend policy. In order to achieve that goal, The researcher
implements empirical study using a sample of 30 firms that form EGX30. The
statistical analysis is done by using Mann Whitney, Chi-Square and stepwise
regression. Statistical results revealed the following. First, there is statistical
significant relationship between dividend policy (systematic and un systematic)
and stock market value. Second, there is no significant relationship between the
type of dividend policy (systematic and un systematic) and firms financial
performance. Third, There is statistical and significant relationship between
dividend policy form (cash dividend-retained earning-stock dividend) and stock
market value. Fourth, there is strong positive relationship between cash dividend
and stock market value. Fifth there is strong positive relationship between retained
earnings and stock market value. Finally, there is inverse and week relationship
between stock dividend and stock market value.

Khalifa, H. A. M., M. H. Darwish, and M. Soliman, Influence of Aerobic Exercise on Cognitive Function in Patients with Stroke, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. Abstractheba_ahmed_metwally_khalifa.pdf

Background: One third of stroke patients suffered of cognitive
deficits which impede recovery. Purpose of this study was to assess and explain
from physiological point of view the efficacy of aerobic exercise on cognitive
impairment of stroke patients. Methods: Thirty ischemic stroke patients from both
sexes represented the sample of the study. Their age ranged from 40 to 60 years.
The patients were assigned into two equal groups; control group (G1) and study
group (G2). The control group treated by a selective physical therapy program and
the study group treated by the same program in addition to aerobic exercise on
bicycle for 40 min. The physical therapy program was conducted three times per
week, for two months. Different domains of cognitive function (attention,
memory, language, verbal fluency and visuospatial ability) were assessed by
Addenbroke's Cognitive Examination Revised test (ACER). Transcranial Doppler
was used to measure blood flow velocity in MCA of both sides. Venous blood
sample was analyzed to determine level of serum Brain Derived Neurotrophic
Factor (BDNF). The Results: Before starting the treatment, there was a nonsignificant
difference in the mean values of all variables in G1&G2. At the end of
the treatment there was a non-significant change in all variables in (G1) except the
verbal fluency domain of ACER test. In the study group (G2) there was a
significant improvement in all domains of ACER test except the language domain.
A significant increase in mean and maximum velocity in the affected MCA with
lowering of pulsatility and resistance index in ipsilesional and contralesional MCA
was observed. The mean value of serum BDNF level also showed significant
increase (p<0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between
improvement in total score of ACER test, blood flow velocity and level of serum
BDNF in (G2). Conclusion: Aerobic exercise has a positive effect in improving
cognitive function in stroke patients.

, "Knowledge and Practices of Juvenile Diabetes' Caregivers at Home -in Minia University Hospital", The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 2012. Abstractcu_pdf.pdf

Type I diabetes mellitus or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) one of the most common chronic diseases in childhood results from the autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Genetic, metabolic, and environmental factors act together to precipitate the onset of the disease. This study Aimed at assessing knowledge and practices of juvenile diabetes' caregivers at home who attending pediatric out patient clinic, Minia University Hospital, Egypt. This study was utilized the descriptive design. Tools were developed by the investigators and distributed to all caregivers attending pediatric out patient clinic at Minia university Hospital. Within six months. The sample was (100) caregivers. This study revealed that more than one third of family caregivers (38%) have poor level of knowledge (< 50%) about type1 diabetes, while more than two thirds of the caregivers (70%) were poor in care given to their children. There were highly statistical significant differences between total knowledge and level of education, residence, occupation, and income respectively and there were highly statistical significant differences between attending workshop about DM and knowledge and practices of caregivers. this study concluded that family caregivers with high level of education, high income, from urban area and attending workshops about the disease having good knowledge and practice which affect positively on expected complications and health and wellness of their children and family caregivers having good awareness, enough information and continue training about type1 diabetes mellitus will show better dealing with emergency situation , practice related to disease and this will decrease complications and increase participation of children in society as a healthy members. It is recommended to establish and implement a health educational program to improve diabetic caregiver’s knowledge and practice regarding all aspects of diabetes self care and proper management.

Ahmad, M. A., M. S..Shenouda, and M. D. Mohammed, "Knowledge and Practices of Juvenile Diabetes' Caregivers at Home -in Minia University Hospital", The Medical Journal of Cairo University, 2012. Abstractcu_pdf.pdf

Type I diabetes mellitus or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) one of the most common chronic diseases in childhood results from the autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Genetic, metabolic, and environmental factors act together to precipitate the onset of the disease. This study Aimed at assessing knowledge and practices of juvenile diabetes' caregivers at home who attending pediatric out patient clinic, Minia University Hospital, Egypt. This study was utilized the descriptive design. Tools were developed by the investigators and distributed to all caregivers attending pediatric out patient clinic at Minia university Hospital. Within six months. The sample was (100) caregivers. This study revealed that more than one third of family caregivers (38%) have poor level of knowledge (< 50%) about type1 diabetes, while more than two thirds of the caregivers (70%) were poor in care given to their children. There were highly statistical significant differences between total knowledge and level of education, residence, occupation, and income respectively and there were highly statistical significant differences between attending workshop about DM and knowledge and practices of caregivers. this study concluded that family caregivers with high level of education, high income, from urban area and attending workshops about the disease having good knowledge and practice which affect positively on expected complications and health and wellness of their children and family caregivers having good awareness, enough information and continue training about type1 diabetes mellitus will show better dealing with emergency situation , practice related to disease and this will decrease complications and increase participation of children in society as a healthy members. It is recommended to establish and implement a health educational program to improve diabetic caregiver’s knowledge and practice regarding all aspects of diabetes self care and proper management.

El-Beialy, A. R. R. R., Y. A. A. El-Aziz, A. M. Abou, and E. N. Selim, Landmark Identification on 3-Dimensional Radiographic Volume for Craniometric Measurements, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. Abstractamr_ragab_radwan_ragab_el-beialy.pdf

The aim of this study is to define 3D craniometric landmarks for
standardization of orthodontic diagnosis, test the validity of a low-dose CBCT
scanner, investigate the accuracy of imaging at various head orientations,
establishing a clinical imaging protocol, evaluate the reliability of landmarks on
3D radiographic volumes for craniometric measurements, formulate 3D analysis
that target the translation and rotation of the different skeletal bases along the three
spatial axes, generate 3D norms for an orthodontically normal sample, and test the
sensitivity of new proposed measurements. From the results of this study, it was
concluded that the low-dose CBCT scanner was compatible to the ALARA
principle can be implemented into the maxillofacial discipline. CBCT data output
is compatible to the anatomic truth. Accuracy and reliability of CBCT
measurements are not affected by changing the head orientation. Landmarks with
good reliability in the three dimensions and clinically acceptable limits of
agreement have been established. Alveolar bone crest can be adequately identified
using a low-dose CBCT scanner. A 3D CBCT craniometric analysis has been
generated from reliable landmarks. Cor-MdFn-Ge(R/L) measurement proved to be
sensitive in distinguishing the various mandibular patterns.

El-Shahawy, A. A. E. - W. G., H. A. Shokier, E. - S. A. El-Mageed, M. A. Aggag, and M. M. S. El-Basiouny, Laser and Magnetic Resonance as Hyperthermia Treatment of Subcutaneous Ehrlich Carcinoma Model by Using Metallic and Magnetic Nanoparticles, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. ahmed_abd_el-wahab_gomma_el-shahawy.pdf
Sayed, M. M. A., H. E. - S. H. Mohamed, and A. E. - R. A. El-Raouf, Laser Light Effect, Fluorescence and Image Analysis for Quality Evaluation of Oil during Maturity Stages of Olive, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. Abstractmoustafa_mohammed_attia_sayed.pdf

The aim of this study was measuring and determination of the optical
properties using visible laser, image processing according to color properties and
Fluorescence from olive oil during maturity stages of olive (Arbequina variety).
The obtained results are as follows: Stage one was high reflection intensity
percentage or low absorption intensity percentage followed with high moisture
content and low oil content percentages. Meanwhile, stage five has low reflection
intensity percentage or high absorption intensity percentage with low moisture
content and high oil content percentages. So, stage four is considered suitable for
oil extracting, because of low moisture content 40.41 % and high oil content
19.22%. It is a suitable standard to identify olive maturity stages to get high oil
percentage according to optical properties. Color properties measurements as Hue
degree, Saturation value, and Brightness (HSB) for maturity stages were (77.32,
56.74 and 70.96 value), (57.08, 33.06 and 70.84 value), (22.36, 40.08 and 81.54
value), (352.98, 41.86 and 41.24 value) and (329, 8.78 and 19.34 value) for
maturity stages one, two, three, four and five respectively. The differences of
fluorescence intensity during maturity stages for olive oil can be used for
classification of oil according to its chemical components, and qualitative analysis
evaluation of some fluorescent component of interest for identifying olive oil
during maturity stages.

Attia, G. M., and E. - S. I. El-Badawi, An Manufacturing industries in the state of Khartoum: A Study in Economic Geography, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. Abstractgamal_mohamed_attia.pdf

The study contains an introduction and a preface, six chapters and a conclusion.
The introduction provides reasons for selecting the topic and objectives of the
study, Approaches, methods, previous studies, sources of study, field study and the
difficulties faced the study. The preface includes a geographical glance on the state
of Khartoum and then follows the stages of the development of manufacturing
industries. The first chapter deals with the geographical distribution of
manufacturing industries and geographical factors affecting the manufacturing
industries in the state. Second Chapter discusses the industrial localization in the
state, factors of localization in every industry and industrial evaluation of
localization in the state in respect of the model of Hamilton. Third Chapter deals
with the size structure of the manufacturing industries. The fourth chapter analyzes
the problems of manufacturing industries. The fifth chapter deals with the future of
industrial development, Sixth Chapter examines the map of land use in Khartoum
Bahri industrial area as a case study The study concludes that the manufacturing
industries in the state of Khartoum passes through three stages: the first stage is
the stage of the traditional industries that prevailed during the period 1821 - 1956
during the Turkish rule , the rule of Mahdia and bilateral rule.. The second stage is
the manufacturing industries oriented to replace imports. This stage extends 1956 -
1992. The third stage is the stage of export-oriented industrialization which started
since 1992. The study concluded that the manufacturing industries in the state of
Khartoum are concentrated geographically in the localities of Khartoum,
Khartoum North, East of the Nile and Omdurman, respectively. A set of
geographical factors were impacted on the geographical distribution of
manufacturing industries; the most influential factors were water, land, power
sources, education services and population density. The study also realized that the
manufacturing industries in the state of Khartoum is localized in El mokhtar
administrative unit in the locality of Khartoum North and Omdurman North,
Omdurman South and El thwera elsnaate administrative Units in the locality of
Best Theses Awards, Cairo University (BTACU)
Information System Unit - 64 -
Omdurman. It also localized in administrative Units of Khartoum, Khartoum West
and Khartoum East in the locality of Khartoum. The study also found that the
manufacturing industries in the state were dominated by the pattern of small and
medium industries. The study has completed to show a range of problems
affecting the manufacturing industries in the state; the most influential problems
were funding problems, different taxes and fees, poor administrative capacity and
competitiveness. The study deal with the effects of these problems, most notably
many industrial plants are out of work. The study of the problems resulting from
the manufacturing industries in the state show that the potential impact of
manufacturing on the Nile water pollution , contributing to climate change and
expectations of an increased incidence of malaria. In The future of industrial
development in the state, there will be several changes in manufacturing
industries. Qualitatively, Spatially, Functionally, as well as the trend towards
integrated industries. The study concluded that the levels of industrial use in the
industrial area of bahri are four types: The first type, blocks are the level of using
less than 50% of the total area of the block such as blocks (1&7).The second type,
blocks ranging rate of land use between 50-60%, such as blocks (2&6) . The third
type, blocks ranging rate of land use between 60-70%, such as blocks (3& 5&2
Kafoury. The fourth type, blocks represent using areas more than 70%, such as
blocks (4&8).

Farag, M. A., and L. A. Wessjohann, "Metabolome Classification of Commercial Hypericum perforatum (St. John's Wort) Preparations via UPLC-qTOF-MS and Chemometrics", Planta Med , vol. 78, issue 5, pp. 488-496, 2012. CU-PDF.pdf
El-Rehiem, A. I. A. A., A. E. - B. El-Aasar, I. A. E. - M. Salam, S. M. El-Gendy, and A. E. -sayedM. Ashmawey, Molecular Studies on the Possible Role of Urinary Bacterial Infection in Bladder Carcinogensis (Experimental Study), , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. ali_ismaiel_ali_abd_el-rehiem.pdf
Mabrouk, M. K. G., D. S. A. A. Aziz, D. M. A. Wasfy, and D. E. M. Gouda, Molecular Study on some Genes of Milk Proteins in Cattle and Buffaloes , , 2012. cu-pdf.pdf
El-Gaber, R. A. E. - H. A., F. A. Abdel-Ghaffar, M. A. Shazly, A. - H. Saad, and K. S. Morsy, Morphological and Molecular Biological Studies on Some Myxozoan and Microsporidian Parasites Infecting Fishes in Egypt and Host-Parasite Relationship, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. Abstractrewaida_abd_el-hakem_abd_el-gaber.pdf

The present study aimed to investigate some of the myxosporidian and
microsporidian parasites infecting three of the economically important marine
fishes of the Red Sea (Saurida tumbil, Pagrus pagrus and Epinephelus
chlorostigma) collected from fisherman at boat landing sites of Suez & Hurghada
cities at the Gulf of Suez & Red Sea, respectively; and one freshwater fish (Clarias
gariepinus) was collected from the River Nile at Giza Governorate in Egypt. The
examined fishes were collected monthly from October 2009 to January 2011. The
investigation of parasitic infections was carried out by means of morphologic and
morphometric characterization of these parasites. Also, the study described some
of the important developmental stages of these parasites inside fish hosts at the
ultrastructural level which are considered as key features for their classification. In
addition, molecular analyses of 18 SSU rDNA; 16 SSU rDNA and phylogenetic
relationships were applied to associate in the taxonomic characterization of myxo-
& microsporidian parasites, respectively.

Noaman, O. F. A. E. - B., and M. I. Khalil, News Editing Methods in the Private Egyptian Newspapers and their Impact on Readers Reception the Content of Press Text, , Egypt, Cairo University, 2012. Abstractosman_fekry_abd_el-baky_noaman.pdf

This study aimed to achieve two main objectives:
(1) Monitor and analyze the stylistic features of the professional performance of a
number of private Egyptian newspapers towards the issue of bread in 2008, and
(2) Disclosure on the impact of stimuli within the linguistic and technical news
reporting on reader understanding and interpretation to the content of these news.
Study concluded the stability function of the news texts through the transport of
the real and actual events and facts, and express them as they are without the use
of rhetorical images in the description and bring meaning to the recipient. The
results of statistical tests for the presence of statistically significant differences in
favor of narrative styles employed in the imaging of the mechanisms of
metaphorical writing in material news reporting. The experimental study has
concluded that the use of adjectives and metaphors in the news writing and
reporting improves the process of understanding and interpretation of the
respondents to this article. Also concluded that the presence of a particular artistic
style has the ability and preference over other methods of other functional to a
better understanding of the material news reporting and then be a matter of
interpretation is unstable and cannot be verified proved, and so far. The study
revealed that multiple mechanisms of expression represented by the secondary
addresses, photographs and charts, can contribute to the high level of conviction
readers with information and creates a state of satisfaction to the readers and
reduce the feeling of disappointment to the omission of some of the text
information. Numbers and ratios indicated that the use of narrative methods with
nature in general and the high degree of employment characteristics, and
mechanisms of metaphor within the text which would also create a state of
satisfaction to the reader to the information within the text, and reduces feelings of
frustration towards the omission of some of the text information.

Shahin, M. A., W. Y. Mohamed, and M. Sayed, "Nurses’ Knowledge and Practices regarding Enteral Nutrition at the Critical Care Department of Al- Manial University Hospital in Egypt: Impact of a Designed Instructional Program", Journal of American Science, vol. 8, issue 9, 2012. Abstractcu_pdf.pdf

Patients in the critical care setting are at high risk of malnutrition due to the nature of their illness, stressors and their hyper-metabolic state. Enteral nutrition is the preferred route of nutrient administration in critically ill patient. Compared with total parenteral nutrition; the enteral route is safer, more physiologic and less expensive. As the nursing role in tube insertion, enteral feeding delivery and care is crucial, the nurses’ knowledge and practice regarding enteral nutrition will affect the patient clinical outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of a designed instructional program on the nurses’ knowledge and practices regarding enteral nutrition in the critical care department of Al-Manial University Hospital. A quasi-experimental (time series) design was used in the current study. A convenient sample of 85 nurses representing approximately all practitioner nurses at the critical care department at Al-Manial University Hospital. Data were obtained through three main tools; knowledge assessment questionnaire with the socio-demographic data sheet, observational checklist and session evaluation form. The instructional program was designed based on an extensive revision of the related materials, recent medical textbooks, studies and literature. Method; The instructional program was conducted over 21 repeated lectures during different working shifts in an average of 6 sessions per week for one month, 90 minutes each.; lectures included watching some educational videos for the practical skills related to enteral nutrition. Results revealed that the designed instructional program was having an effective, sustainable impact on improving nurses’ knowledge and practice regarding enteral nutrition in the critical care department. The study concluded that nurses had lack of knowledge and some unsafe practices regarding enteral feeding in the critical care department, however, the instructional program showed a positive impact in improving nurses’ knowledge and practice regarding enteral nutrition in the critical care department. The study recommended establishing a written updated protocol of enteral nutrition to ensure enough knowledge, unified and safe nursing practice; it’s recommended to implement this study on other hospitals in Cairo and Egypt. Moreover, the implementation of continuous education programs regarding enteral nutrition can play a part in supporting clinical practice.

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