Surgical intervention for spontaneous intracranial hypotension Type 4 CSF leak: A case report

Citation:
Shahab, S., M. A. R. Soliman, A. F. Alkhamees, S. Eaton, E. Quint, J. Im, A. O'Connor, E. Haberfellner, and A. Shamisa, "Surgical intervention for spontaneous intracranial hypotension Type 4 CSF leak: A case report", Surgical neurology international, vol. 11: Scientific Scholar, pp. 421 - 421, 2020/12/04.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a rare condition that can be very debilitating. SIH is well understood to be due to a CSF leak, however, identifying the source of the leak is still a challenge. We are presenting a case of Type 4 CSF leak and reviewing the related literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 46-year-old female presenting with intractable orthostatic headaches was diagnosed with SIH. She was unable to mobilize due to the severity of her symptoms. MRI scans of the brain and spine did not identify a source of the leak. After failing conservative therapy and multiple epidural blood patches, the patient underwent surgery which resulted in significant improvement in symptoms. CONCLUSION: This study has shown that surgical intervention improves symptoms in patients who do not have an identifiable source of CSF leak. Further studies need to be done to fully understand the role of surgery in Type 4 CSF leaks.

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