Effect of alfacalcidol on the pulmonary function of adult asthmatic patients: A randomized trial.

Ali, A. M., S. Selim, M. M. Abbassi, and N. A. Sabry, "Effect of alfacalcidol on the pulmonary function of adult asthmatic patients: A randomized trial.", Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology, vol. 118, issue 5, pp. 557-563, 2017 05.


BACKGROUND: Despite the use of alfacalcidol in the management of corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis, it has never been considered an adjunct treatment for asthma management. It can target vitamin D deficiency, a possible risk factor for asthma, and, hence, improve pulmonary function of patients with asthma.

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of alfacalcidol administration on pulmonary function and study the pattern of vitamin D deficiency in adults with asthma in Egypt.

METHODS: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D was measured in 115 adults: 33 healthy subjects and 82 patients with asthma. Then, patients with asthma were randomized to receive standard asthma treatment only (n = 39) or receive it in addition to 1 μg of alfacalcidol daily for 4 months (n = 43). Randomization was stratified by the stage of asthma severity. Spirometry and measurement of 25-hydroxyvitamin were performed at baseline and end of follow-up.

RESULTS: Vitamin D deficiency was more common in patients with asthma (57.3%) than in healthy subjects (21.2%; P < .001). In patients with asthma, alfacalcidol significantly improved forced expiratory volume in the first second and forced vital capacity (P < .001 for the 2 tests). Moreover, more patients in the intervention arm showed improvement in asthma severity stage (P = .04). A nonsignificant difference was observed in improvement of forced expiratory volume in the first second between patients with vitamin D deficiency and those without deficiency in the intervention group (P > .05).

CONCLUSION: Alfacalcidol supplementation improved the pulmonary function and severity stage of adult patients with asthma regardless of deficiency.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02747381.