Evaluation of electrofishing adopted by Egyptian fish farmers

Citation:
Mahmoud, M. A., H. A. Mansour, M. Abdelsalam, H. O. AbuBakr, S. H. Aljuaydi, and M. Afify, Evaluation of electrofishing adopted by Egyptian fish farmers, , vol. 498, pp. 380 - 387, 2019.

Abstract:

Upon the demand of a private fish farmer, this study was applied to assess the influence of electro-fishing adopted by some Egyptian fish farmers on the fish welfare and quality. Therefore, a total of 60 Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) were sampled; from which 30 were stunned by electrofishing and the remainders by conventional fishing. Biochemical analysis (oxidative stress and energy status), meat quality based on total bacterial count (TBC) and pathological alterations were assessed. Biochemical analysis in both liver and muscle tissue showed that electro-stunned fish exhibited low oxidative stress and high energy status. Meat of electro-stunned fish showed an acceptable limit of TBC (Max. limit 107) while the histopathological examination revealed various tissue reactions. These were in the form of congestion in branchial, hepatoportal, brain and splenic blood vessels with edema in brain and pericardium. In addition, there was mild inflammatory reaction together with the presence of eosinophilic granular cells and perivascular melanophores aggregation in both branchial and muscular tissue. As a consequence of this work, we recommend the use of electrofishing method in Egypt after modifying the current tool by reducing applied voltage. Further studies and more optimization are needed to cover both fish farmers and animal welfare issues, and take in consideration the human safety precautions.

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