Indole Derivatives Obtained from Egyptian sp. Soil Isolates Exhibit Antivirulence Activities against Uropathogenic .

Citation:
Amer, M. A., R. Wasfi, A. S. Attia, and M. A. Ramadan, "Indole Derivatives Obtained from Egyptian sp. Soil Isolates Exhibit Antivirulence Activities against Uropathogenic .", Antibiotics (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 10, issue 4, 2021.

Abstract:

is a frequent cause of catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). Several virulence factors contribute to its pathogenesis, but swarming motility, biofilm formation, and urease activity are considered the hallmarks. The increased prevalence in antibiotic resistance among uropathogens is alarming and requires searching for new treatment alternatives. With this in mind, our study aims to investigate antivirulence activity of indole derivatives against multidrug resistant isolates. Ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extracts from sp. (rhizobacterium), isolated from Egyptian soil samples were tested for their ability to antagonize the virulence capacity and biofilm activity of uropathogens. Extracts of two sp. isolates (coded Zch127 and Cbg70) showed the highest antivirulence activities against . The two promising rhizobacteria Zch127 and Cbg70 were isolated from soil surrounding: (Zucchini) and (Cabbage), respectively. Sub-minimum inhibitory concentrations (Sub-MICs) of the two extracts showed potent antibiofilm activity with significant biofilm reduction of ten clinical isolates (-value < 0.05) in a dose-dependent manner. Interestingly, the Zch127 extract showed anti-urease, anti-swarming and anti-swimming activity against the tested strains. Indole derivatives identified represented key components of indole pyruvate, indole acetamide pathways; involved in the synthesis of indole acetic acid. Additional compounds for indole acetonitrile pathway were detected in the Zch127 extract which showed higher antivirulence activity. Accordingly, the findings of the current study model the feasibility of using these extracts as promising antivirulence agent against the uropathogens and as potential therapy for treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs).