Maximizing the Therapeutic Efficacy of Imatinib MesylateeLoaded Niosomes on Human Colon Adenocarcinoma Using Box-Behnken Design

Citation:
Kassem, M. A., H. S. El-Sawy, F. I. Abd-Allah, and T. M. Abdelghany, "Maximizing the Therapeutic Efficacy of Imatinib MesylateeLoaded Niosomes on Human Colon Adenocarcinoma Using Box-Behnken Design", Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 106, pp. 111-122, 2017.

Abstract:

This research purposed to formulate an optimized imatinib mesylate (IM)eloaded niosomes to improve its chemotherapeutic efficacy. The influence of 3 formulation factors on niosomal vesicular size (Y1), zeta potential (Y2), entrapment capacity percentage (Y3), the ercentage of initial drug release after 2 h (Y4), and the percentage of cumulative drug release after 24 h (Y5) were studied and optimized using Box-Behnken design. Optimum desirability was ecified and the optimized formula was prepared, stability tested, morphologically examined, checked for vesicular bilayer formation and evaluated for its in vitro cytotoxicity on 3 different cancer cell lines namely MCF-7, HCT-116, and HepG-2 in addition to 1 normal cell line to ensure its selectivity against cancer cells. The actual responses of the optimized IM
formulation were 425.36 nm, 62.4 mV, 82.96%, 18.93%, and 89.45% for Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4, and Y5, respectively.
The optimized IM-loaded niosomes confirmed the spherical vesicular shape imaged by both light and electron microscopes and further proven by differential scanning calorimetry. Moreover, the optimized formula exhibited improved stability on storage at 4 ± 2C and superior efficacy on MCF7, HCT-116, and HepG2 as IC50 values were 6.7, 16.4, and 7.3 folds less than those of free drug, respectively. Interestingly, IC50 of the optimized formula against normal cell line was ranged from 3 to 11 folds higher than in different cancer cells indicating a higher selectivity of the optimized formula to cancer cells. In conclusion, the incorporation of IM in niosomes enhanced its efficacy and selectivity toward cancer cells,
presenting a promising tool to fight cancer using this approach.