Agricultural workers and urinary bladder cancer risk in egypt

Amr, S. a, R. a Dawson, D. A. c Saleh, L. S. a Magder, N. N. e Mikhail, D. M. S. a George, K. b Squibb, H. d Khaled, and C. A. f Loffredo, "Agricultural workers and urinary bladder cancer risk in egypt", Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health, vol. 69, no. 1: Taylor and Francis Inc., pp. 3-10, 2014.


The authors examined the associations between farming and the risk for squamous cell (SCC) or urothelial cell (UC) carcinoma of the urinary bladder among Egyptians. The authors used data from a multicenter case-control study (1,525 male and 315 female cases, and 2,069 male and 547 female age- and residence-matched, population-based controls) to calculate adjusted odds ratios (AORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Men in farming and who never smoked had increased risk for either SCC or UC (AOR [95% CI]: 4.65 [2.59-8.36] and 6.22 [3.82-10.15], respectively). If they ever smoked, their risks were 2.27 (1.75-2.95) and 1.93 (1.58-2.35), respectively. Women in farmer households were at increased risk for SCC (1.40 [0.93-2.09] and UC [1.25 (0.82-1.89]), although not statistically significant. Occupational and environmental exposures to farming increased the risk for bladder cancer among Egyptians. © 2014 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


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