Investigation of possible correlation between α -particle preformation probability and energy levels for α emitters with 74≤Z≤83

Citation:
Ismail, M., and A. Adel, "Investigation of possible correlation between α -particle preformation probability and energy levels for α emitters with 74≤Z≤83", Physical Review C, vol. 90, pp. 064624, 2014.

Abstract:

The preformation probability of an α cluster inside radioactive parent nuclei is investigated. The calculations are employed in the framework of the density-dependent cluster model for both even-even and odd-A isotopes with 74≤Z≤83 . A realistic density-dependent nucleon-nucleon (NN ) interaction with a finite-range exchange part is used to calculate the microscopic α -nucleus potential in the well-established double-folding model. The main effect of antisymmetrization under exchange of nucleons between the α and daughter nuclei has been included in the folding model through the finite-range exchange part of the NN interaction. The calculated potential is then implemented to find both the assault frequency and the penetration probability of the α particle by means of the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin approximation in combination with the Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization condition. We investigated the correlation between the α -particle preformation probability, S α , and the energy levels of the parent nucleus for α emitters with atomic number 74≤Z≤83 . Based on the similarity in the behavior of S α with the neutron number for two nuclei, we try to predict or confirm the unknown or doubted nuclear spins and parities in this mass region.