Cardiovascular and Thyroid Late Effects in Pediatric Patients With Hodgkin Lymphoma Treated With ABVD Protocol.

Citation:
Ali, N., M. Selim, Z. Salah, N. M. El Nabarawy, H. Hussein, and I. Sidhom, "Cardiovascular and Thyroid Late Effects in Pediatric Patients With Hodgkin Lymphoma Treated With ABVD Protocol.", Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology, vol. 45, issue 4, pp. e455-e463, 2023.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) survivors are at risk of developing a range of therapy-related complications. The goal of this study is to investigate therapy-related late-effects in HL survivors.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study on 208 HL survivors who were treated at the National Cancer Institute or at the Children Cancer Hospital Egypt with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine chemotherapy.

RESULTS: Age at diagnosis ranged from 2.5 to 17.5 with a median of 8.7 years. The cumulative incidence of cardiac toxicity at 5 and 9 years were 18.7%±2.7% and 43.3%±4.4%, respectively. Preexisting cardiac abnormalities, cumulative anthracycline dose, and end of treatment cardiac status are strong predictors of late cardiotoxicity. Hypertension was observed in ~31% of patients. Young age and obesity at the time of treatment are important risk factors for hypertension. Thyroid abnormalities developed with a 5-year cumulative incidence of 2%±1%, whereas at 9 years the cumulative incidence was 27.9%±4.5%. Thyroid dysfunction was observed in 21.2% and thyroid tumors in 1.6% of cases. Subclinical hypothyroidism was the most common thyroid abnormality.

CONCLUSIONS: Cardiotoxicity, hypertension, and thyroid dysfunction are frequent late effects after doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine regimen, especially if combined with radiation therapy.

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