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Nicolopoulou, K., A. M. Salama, S. Attia, C. Samy, D. Horgan, H. A. E. E. Khalil, and A. Bakhaty, "Re-enterprising the unplanned urban areas of Greater Cairo- a social innovation perspective", Open House Internationa, vol. 46, issue 2, pp. 189-212, 2021. Abstract

Purpose
This study aims to develop an innovative and comprehensive framework to address water-related challenges faced by communities located in urban settlements in the area of Greater Cairo. It is commonly accepted that such global challenges that border issues of resilience, community development, social equity and inclusive growth, call for a collaboration of disciplines. Such collaboration allows for the identification of synergies in ways that can enlighten and enrich the space of potential solutions and create pathways towards robust solutions.
Design/methodology/approach
The research process has been participatory, and it involved, apart from site interviews, engagement via a photographic exhibition, during an outreach and engagement event, of the researched sites in one of the academic institutions of the authors. A total of 12 women were interviewed and the expert’s workshop was attended by 12 experts.
Findings
Social innovation can promote agile processes to prototyping services, involving multiple sectors and stakeholders through open ecosystems. For urban settlements undergoing rapid expansion, social innovation can help communities and governments to build resilience in the face of resource gaps – often making use of advancements in technology and improvements from other disciplines (Horgan and Dimitrijevic, 2019). For the unplanned urban areas around Greater Cairo, input from different knowledge areas can offer valuable contributions; in terms of the project and the study that we report on in this paper, the contributing areas included architecture and urban planning, as well as women-led entrepreneurship targeting economic growth, social and community impacts.
Originality/value
In this paper, we demonstrate the significance of a transdisciplinary framework based on social innovation, for the study of women-led entrepreneurship as a response to water-based challenges within an urban settlement. The creation of such a framework can be a significant contribution to conceptualise, examine and respond to “wicked challenges” of urban sustainability. This paper also believes that the readership of the journal will be subsequently benefitting from another way to conceptualise the interplay of theoretical perspectives at the level of organisations and the individual to support the inquiry into such challenges.

Gad, H., S. Attia, and H. A. Khalil, "Rereading Cairo through Neighbouring Patterns Between Formal and Informal Areas, Case Study: Ard Al-Lewaa and ElMohandeseen", Ecocity World Summit 2021, Rotterdam, Netherland, 21 Feb, 2022.
ElDin, R. N., H. A. E. E. Khalil, and R. Kamel, "Residential Mobility in Egypt; a Must or a Myth", Dynamics and Resilience of Informal Areas: International Perspectives: Springer, 2016. Abstract

Residential mobility is a key element in a responsive housing market this is especially crucial countries with limited resources & residential areas like Egypt, studying the residential mobility will solve many of housing concerns. This study seeks to provide a deeper understanding of family life cycle and within residential mobility process and its influencing factors. It theoretically develops and empirically tests the acceptance of that concept, enhancing the rent set-ting mechanism and the subsidy policy to ensure the affordability of middle-income housing in Egypt.
The research models residential mobility, using unique survey data that examines specific life-cycle variables to evaluate the concept of residential mobility in the Egyptian housing market as a whole and find out why residential mobility through rental housing became a myth in the Egyptian housing market after it was scattered for a long time.
The findings suggest that residential mobility through a secured housing process could be a popular tool that helps middle income groups in Egypt in finding affordable and appropriate rental housing and it could be one of the effective solutions in illuminating informal areas.

ElDin, R. N., H. A. E. E. Khalil, and R. Kamel, "Residential Mobility in Egypt…A Must or A Myth?", 6th International Conference ARCHCAIRO, Responsive Urbanism In Informal Areas: Towards A Regional Agenda For Habitat III, Cairo, Egypt, 26 November, 2014.
Khalil, H. A. E. E., and A. Al-Ahwal, "Reunderstanding Cairo through urban metabolism: Formal versus informal districts resource flow performance in fast urbanizing cities", Journal of Industrial Ecology, vol. 25, pp. 176–192, 2021.
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