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Almalt, A., S. Attia, and H. A. Khalil, "Developing Mixed Uses to Regenerate Urban pockets in Greater Cairo Region (GCR)", Journal of Engineering Research, Faculty of Engineering in Mataria, Helwan University, vol. 154 (June 2017), pp. A 39- A61, 2017. Abstract

There is no doubt that retail is one of the most important factors that affect economy in any country. Retailing is also one of the most important aspects in any urban strategy where inhabitants can easily reach and get their daily needs. Recently new urban approaches appeared as the key to solve many urban problems and regenerate the resources and potentials in the urban context in order to use it in a better way for the sake of the present and new generation. One of these approaches is the Retail-led Urban Regeneration, where retail is considered a key regenerating tool.
This paper discusses the retail-led urban regeneration approach in general and whether it is relevant to Greater Cairo Region. The paper also investigates whether inhabitants in Greater Cairo Region prefer to live in a mixed-use or in a residential neighborhoods. It also identifies the positive and negative aspects affecting the inhabitants due to the presence of mixed-uses- specifically retail-in their neighborhoods. Other related issues to 'Retail-led Urban regeneration' are also discussed. A field survey is conducted with inhabitants in three mixed-use districts representing different typologies in order to reach recommendations for proposing the best use to be allocated while upgrading urban deteriorated pockets in GCR.

Abdel-Moneim, N. M., H. A. E. Khalil, and R. R. Kamel, "Developing QOL Index for Resettlement Projects of Unsafe Areas in Egypt", Urban Forum, vol. 32, issue 3, pp. 349-371, 2021. Abstract

Both public authorities and mid-high income groups, in many instances, tend to see urban informality as an illness that should be treated and/or eliminated. However, urban informality provides several attributes that contribute to the livelihood of many communities and surrounding residents. Urban informality possesses potentials that would facilitate both formalization and integration of such areas within the city, considering that it is currently the most prominent urbanization method. Consequently, unsafe areas’ upgrading and resettlement projects should not be limited to providing housing, clean water, or enhanced sanitation. They should extend to make fair use of the existing inherent potentials to improve livability for both slum dwellers and surrounding areas. Aiming to enhance the dwellers’ quality of life (QOL), upgrading projects should ensure the actual implementation of economic, social, institutional, and urban programs. This would entail the cooperation between various stakeholders to achieve inclusive development, create a sense of community, and attract local small and medium investments. This paper aims to develop a QOL Index tailored for unsafe areas’ upgrading/resettlement projects. Based on the literature review of various existing indices and case study analysis, the paper develops a set of criteria to define relevant urban, social, economic, and institutional indicators to assure QOL for unsafe areas’ dwellers and guide new resettlement projects with a focus on the Egyptian context.

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