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Khalil, H. A. E. E., A. Ibrahim, N. Elgendy, and N. Makhlouf, "Could/should Improving the Urban Climate in Informal Areas of Fast Growing Cities be an Integral Part of Upgrading Processes? Case study, Cairo", Urban Climate, vol. 24, pp. 63-79, 2018. AbstractWebsite

Many researches have highlighted the importance of environmental justice, where healthy environment
is a right to all. Currently, the most vulnerable groups to climate change are low-income urban dwellers, typically residing in urban informalities within cities of the Global South. In Cairo, the awareness about climate change and responsive consumption is minimal and the increase in temperature could have serious effects on residents' health. In 2012, informalities were reported to house two thirds of the population and covered a third of the city's footprint. Thus, this paper highlights the importance of studying environmental performance in informal areas to achieve sustainability and reduce risks. It reviews work related to sustainable urbanization, informal areas, urban heat island and urban climate especially in Cairo. It defines needed parameters and develops an integrated tool to assess comfort in outdoor spaces microclimate. The paper relies on extensive fieldwork, meteorological measurements, socio-environmental surveys, activity mapping and modelling to study both Cairo urban climate and microclimate in one of Cairo's densest informal districts. The paper stresses the possibility of introducing responsive low-tech and low-cost strategies and interventions. This is discussed as an inherent right to marginalized areas and a necessity within a continuous process of urbanization.

ElGohary, S., A. Abdeen, S. Attia, and H. A. Khalil, "City's Environmental Performance Assessment", Towards a Better Quality of Life, First International Conference, TUBCG and HBRC, 24-26 November, , EL Gouna, Egypt, 24 November , 2017. Abstract

The scope of this research is to introduce an approach to assess the city's environmental performance, a few years ago many environmental initiatives appeared to conserve the quality of life like Green city, Smart City, Sustainable City, and Eco City; all of them set their concerns on how to let the city green or sustainable, but another definition appeared to make the city resists its environmental and natural hazards called “Resilient City”.
Many tools appeared to assess the city's environmental performance like Green City Index, Global City Indicator, and CASBEE for City all of them contain a certain list of measurable indicators to make the assessment more accurate and to reach the problem level.
To apply this tool to the case study in “Cairo”, the data collection depends on field measurements of air quality and then linking this data geographically using ArcGIS program. Two selected districts are taken; one of them is characterized by heavy traffic load, and the other has a main path that was regenerated to be a pedestrian path so all the results reflect the effect of traffic load on air. Finally, this approach helps the decision makers to improve their city performance and to set the priorities to solve the problem.