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Eissa, Y., and H. Khalil, "Urban Climate Change Governance within Centralised Governments: A Case Study of Giza, Egypt", Urban Forum, 2021. Abstract

Urban climate governance on the subnational and local government levels requires multilevel governance and local autonomy. Within centralised governments, climate action becomes challenging. Moreover, in developing countries, development needs are usually prioritised, while climate action is viewed as an unaffordable luxury. In a centralised, middle-income country like Egypt, climate action is a challenge for all government levels. This research investigates the current state and the prospect of urban climate change governance on the subnational level in Egypt. A twofold methodology is used. First, through desk research, a comprehensive list of urban climate governance enabling factors was extracted. The list was used to assess the practices of 3 international case studies (Delhi, Durban, and Amman) and then refined and used to assess the first subnational level climate change strategy in Egypt. Second, semi-structured interviews were conducted with a few selected experts working on climate change and urban policies in Egypt. Two sets of recommendations were formulated to expedite urban climate change governance in Egypt, especially on the subnational and local levels. While the research focuses on Egypt, the methodology and recommendations could be adopted and adapted by local governments functioning within centralised systems.

ElDin, R. N., H. A. E. E. Khalil, and R. Kamel, "Residential Mobility in Egypt…A Must or A Myth?", 6th International Conference ARCHCAIRO, Responsive Urbanism In Informal Areas: Towards A Regional Agenda For Habitat III, Cairo, Egypt, 26 November, 2014.
ElDin, R. N., H. A. E. E. Khalil, and R. Kamel, "Residential Mobility in Egypt; a Must or a Myth", Dynamics and Resilience of Informal Areas: International Perspectives: Springer, 2016. Abstract

Residential mobility is a key element in a responsive housing market this is especially crucial countries with limited resources & residential areas like Egypt, studying the residential mobility will solve many of housing concerns. This study seeks to provide a deeper understanding of family life cycle and within residential mobility process and its influencing factors. It theoretically develops and empirically tests the acceptance of that concept, enhancing the rent set-ting mechanism and the subsidy policy to ensure the affordability of middle-income housing in Egypt.
The research models residential mobility, using unique survey data that examines specific life-cycle variables to evaluate the concept of residential mobility in the Egyptian housing market as a whole and find out why residential mobility through rental housing became a myth in the Egyptian housing market after it was scattered for a long time.
The findings suggest that residential mobility through a secured housing process could be a popular tool that helps middle income groups in Egypt in finding affordable and appropriate rental housing and it could be one of the effective solutions in illuminating informal areas.

ElGohary, S., A. Abdeen, S. Attia, and H. A. Khalil, "City's Environmental Performance Assessment", Towards a Better Quality of Life, First International Conference, TUBCG and HBRC, 24-26 November, , EL Gouna, Egypt, 24 November , 2017. Abstract

The scope of this research is to introduce an approach to assess the city's environmental performance, a few years ago many environmental initiatives appeared to conserve the quality of life like Green city, Smart City, Sustainable City, and Eco City; all of them set their concerns on how to let the city green or sustainable, but another definition appeared to make the city resists its environmental and natural hazards called “Resilient City”.
Many tools appeared to assess the city's environmental performance like Green City Index, Global City Indicator, and CASBEE for City all of them contain a certain list of measurable indicators to make the assessment more accurate and to reach the problem level.
To apply this tool to the case study in “Cairo”, the data collection depends on field measurements of air quality and then linking this data geographically using ArcGIS program. Two selected districts are taken; one of them is characterized by heavy traffic load, and the other has a main path that was regenerated to be a pedestrian path so all the results reflect the effect of traffic load on air. Finally, this approach helps the decision makers to improve their city performance and to set the priorities to solve the problem.