Nano selenium protects against deltamethrin-induced reproductive toxicity in male rats.

Citation:
Hozyen, H. F., H. M. A. Khalil, R. A. Ghandour, A. K. Al-Mokaddem, M. Samer, and R. A. Azouz, "Nano selenium protects against deltamethrin-induced reproductive toxicity in male rats.", Toxicology and applied pharmacology, vol. 408, pp. 115274, 2020.

Abstract:

Greater understanding of the efficiency of nanoparticles will assist future research related to male reproductive performance. The current study was performed to assess the potency of selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) in alleviating deltamethrin (DLM)-induced detrimental effects on sperm characteristics, oxidative status, sexual behavior, and the histological structure of the testes and epididymis in male rats. Thirty-two male Wister rats were divided into four groups according to treatment received orally by gavage 3 times/week for 60 days; control, DLM (0.6 mg/kg bwt), SeNPs (0.5 mg/kg bwt), and DLM-SeNPs groups. DLM caused a significant reduction in sperm count, motility, and viability percent, as well as in body weight and serum testosterone level, blood total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity. The DLM-treated group showed a significant increase in blood malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration and sperm abnormalities (%), as well as a significant reduction in sexual activity, manifested as an increase in mount, intromission, or ejaculation latency and a reduction in mount or intromission frequency. These toxic effects were confirmed by histological alterations, represented by a significant reduction in the diameter of the seminiferous tubules and spermatogenesis. Conversely, treatment with SeNPs improved DLM-induced negative effects on sperm characteristics, testosterone, and antioxidant biomarkers, as well as behavioral and histopathological alterations. The SeNPs treated group showed improved semen parameters, antioxidant status, and sexual performance. In conclusion, SeNPs may represent an effective treatment for reducing the detrimental effects of DLM on male fertility, and lead to enhanced male reproductive performance.