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Radwan, A. A. Hassan, and M. Refai, " Correlation between virulence factors and pathogenesis of Candida albicans. ", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , vol. 63, , pp. 239-247 , 2003. correlation_bet_virulence_factors_and_patho.pdf
Rania M. Azab, W.M. Tawakkol, A. M. Hamad, M.K. Abou-Elmagd, H. M. El-Agrab, and M. K. Refai, "Detection and estimation of aflatoxin B1 in feeds and its biodegradation by bacteria and fungi.", Egypt. J. Natural Toxins, vol. 2,, pp. 39-56., 2005. detec_and_est_of_afl_b1_in_feeds_and_its_biodegr.pdf
Refai, M., Gad El Said, W., Osman, Lotfi, Z., E. Safwat, and S. Ellias, "Salmonella in slaughtered camels in Egypt. ", Zagazig Vet. J. , vol. 9, , pp. 266-276 , 1984. salmonella_in_camels.pdf
Refai, M., Safwat, E., El-Sayed, Z., G. Abdel Gaber, and S. Karmy, " Efficacy of microcolony and indirect fluorescent antibody techniques for rapid diagnosis of salmonella in experimentally infected rabbits. ", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , vol. 49, , pp. 211-221 , 1989. efficiency_of_microcolony.pdf
Refai, M., M. Hatem, E. Sharaby, and M. Saad, " Detection and estimation of aflatoxins using both chemical and biological techniques.", Mycotoxin Res. , vol. 9, , pp. 47-52 , 1993. detection_and_estimation_of_afl.pdf
Refai, M., A. El-Gohary, S. A. Attia, and R. A. Khalifa, " Bacteriological studies on Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale (ORT) in chickens. .", Mansoura Vet. Med. J., vol. 6 , pp. 39-60, 2004. studies_on_ort.pdf
Refai, M., and W. Bisping, "Ueber das Vorkommen von Hautpilzen bei Affen.", Kleintier Prax. , vol. 9, pp. 147-150, 1964. dermatophytes_in_monkeys.pdf
Refai, M., Taha, M., Selim, S., F. El-Shabouri, and H. Youssef, ": Isolation of Cryptococcus neoformans, Candida albicans and other yeasts from pigeon droppings in Egypt. ", Sabouraudia , vol. 21, , pp. 163-165 , 1983. isoloation_and_ident_of_cr._n.pdf
Refai, M., Safwat, E., M. Abdel-Rahman, and G. A.: Abdel-Gaber, "Studies on salmonella infection of sheep in Egypt. ", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , vol. 48, , pp. 553-563 , 1988. studies_on_salmonella_in_sheep.pdf
Refai, M., El-Seedy, F., El-Enbaawy, M., J. El-Jakee, and A. Moawad, ": Cultural characteristics of Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans, Rohodotorula rubra and Trichosporon cutaneum on different bacteriological media.", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass., vol. 52, , pp. 112-129, 1992. cultural_charactaristic_of_c._alb.pdf
Refai, M., and H. Rieth, " Wachstumsunterschiede zwischen Trichophyton rubrum und Trichophyton mentagrophytes auf Nagelkeratin in vitro. ", Bull. Pharma. Res. Inst. Osaka, vol. 51, pp. 7-10, 1964. nail_agar.pdf
Refai, M., and R. Rohde, "Salmonella in reptiles in zoological gardens. ", Zbl. Vet.-Med. , vol. 16,, pp. 383-386, 1969. salmonella_in_reptiles.pdf
Refai, M., Abdel-Gaber, G., Hammam, H., Aly, N., N. El-Danaf, E. Safawt, and H.: Ibrahim, " Detection of salmonellae in poultry feeds by ELISA and their control by Bio-Add.", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass., vol. 52, , pp. 371-381 , 1992. detection_of_dalmonellae_in_poultry_feeds.pdf
Refai, M., M. Awad, H. Hammam, S. Ibrahim, and A. Mehanna, " Evaluation of locally prepared rose bengal plate and buffered acidified plate antigens of Brucella abortus.", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , vol. 50, issue 1, pp. 216-227-, 1990. evaluation_of_locally_prepared.pdf
Refai, M., Hammad, H., El-Far, Hegazi, Saleh, N., A. Abdel-Aziz, and A. Hassan, "Fungal flora of grains and poultry feeds with reference to aflatoxin and ochratoxin contamination. ", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , vol. 50, , pp. 479-496 , 1990. fungal_flora_of_grains.pdf
Refai, M., and M. Miligy, "Trichophyton rubrum infection in a family transmitted from cats.", Mykosen , vol. 11, , pp. 191-194 , 1968. Abstracttrichophyton_rubrum_inection_in_a_family_transmitted_from_a_cat.pdf

Zusammenfassung
Trichophyton rubrum wurde von 2 Patienten und von 4 Katzen isoliert. Die Obertra-gung der Infektion erfolgte durch eine auf der Straβe gefundene pilzkranke Katze mit Haarausfall am linken Ohr, am Rumpf und am Schwanz. Der neue Besitzer erkrankte 6 Wochen nach Aufnahme der Katze mit randbetonten Herden am Bein und im Gesicht; seine Frau erkrankte 5 Tage später mit Herden im Nacken und an anderen Körperteilen. Anschlieβend wurden im gleichen Haus noch 3 weitere kranke Katzen gefunden. Zum ersten Male wurde hiermit Trichophyton rubrum in Ägypten von Tieren isoliert.

Resumen
Se aisló Trichophyton rubrum de 2 pacientes y de 4 gatos. La infección fué transmitida por un gato enfermo, que fué hallado en la calle. El gato mostraba caida de pelos en la oreja izquierda, tronco y cola. El nuevo dueño enfermó 6 semanas despues de haber recogido el animal, con lesiones de contornos pronunciados en la pierna y cara. Su esposa se enfermó 5 días después con lesiones en la nuca y otras partes del cuerpo. Se halló luego en la misma casa 3 gatos enfermos mas. Es la primera vez que en Egipto se aislo Trichophyton rubrum de animales.

Refai, M., Abdel-Halim, R. M., Arab, and H.: Youssef, "Studies on oral candidosis in puppies.", Vet. Med. J. , vol. 34, , pp. 73-79, 1986. studies_on_oral_candidosis_in_puppies.pdf
Refai, M., S. El-Gibaly, and A.: Adawi, "Initiation of a national brucellosis control program in Egypt.", Advances in Brucellosis Research. Edit. By L. Garry Adams., Texas., USA. , Texas A&M Univ. , 1990. initiation_of_natiopnal_brucellosis_control_program.pdf
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