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Refai, M., and I. Abdallah, " Incidence of and experimental infection with Keratinomyces ajelloi. ", Bull. Pharma. Res. Inst. Osaka, Japan, vol. 7-9 , pp. 85/86, , 1971. k._ajelloi_and_m._nanum.pdf
Refai, M., and J. Kopec, A guide to brucellosis in Cattle, , , Giza, Cairo Univ, 1988. a_guide_to_brucellosis_in_cattle.pdf
Refai, M., Gad El Said, W., Osman, Lotfi, Z., E. Safwat, and S. Ellias, "Salmonella in slaughtered camels in Egypt. ", Zagazig Vet. J. , vol. 9, , pp. 266-276 , 1984. salmonella_in_camels.pdf
Refai, M., and H. Rieth, " Aenderung des pH-Wertes der Naehrboeden durch Dermatophyten. ", Zbl. Bakt. I. Orig. 194, , vol. 194, pp. 114-121, 1964. changes_of_ph_of_the_media.pdf
Refai, M., M. El-Shinnawy, and A.: Nasser, "Pigeon, duck and chicken ileal loop response to E. coli isolated from pigeons, turkeys, ducks and chicken.", Egypt. J. Vet. Sci., vol. 23, , pp. 19-26 , 1986. ileal_loop.pdf
Refai, M., E. El Mossalami, and A. Loot, "Mould infection of smoked herrings.", Mykosen , vol. 11, , pp. 83-86 , 1968. Abstractmoulds_in_smoked_fish.pdf

Aus einer Partie von 6 420 kg importierter Räucherheringe wurden Proben entnommen und mykologisch untersucht. Die Heringe wiesen weiße und schwarze Schimmelflecke auf und rochen schimmlig, ebenso die Holzkisten, in denen sie verpackt waren. Die oberste Lage Heringe war am stärksten verschimmelt.

Mikroskopisch konnte bei der Direktuntersuchung festgestellt werden, daß es sich um Aspergillus und Penicillium handelte. Die kulturelle Identifizierung ergab als Ursache der schwarzen Flecke Aspergillus niger, Typ Awamori, und als Ursache der hellen Flecke Penicillium funiculosum.

Zur Bekämpfung wird, neben hygienischen Maßnahmen, vorgeschlagen, die Heringe mit 20–25 %iger Salzlösung oder mit 3% iger Essiglösung zu behandeln und anschließend an der Luft zu trocknen. In leichten Fällen kann die Oberfläche der Heringe auch mit Öl eimgerieben werden.

Refai, M., Karim, I., El-Seedy, F., W. Awad, and H.: Hamman, "The specificity and sensitivity of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and indirect antibody test in tuberculin positive bovine. ", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , vol. 49, , pp. 203-210 , 1989. the_specificity_and_sensitivity_of_elisa.pdf
Refai, M., A. Marouf, and A. Talaat, "Isolation of Candida albicans from the blood after cardiac surgery. ", Castellania , vol. 3, , pp. 138 , 1975. isolation_of_c._albicans_from_blood.pdf
Refai, M., Laila Mohamed, A. Kenawy, and S. Ali, "The assessment of mycotic settlement of freshwater fishes in Egypt.", 7. International Conference on Recirculating Aquaculture, July 25-27,. Blacksburg, V A 24051, USA., vol. 1, pp. 499-507, , 2008. the_assessment.pdf
Refai, M., and H. Rieth, "an outbreak of aspergillosis in turkey chicks.", Mykosen, vol. 9, issue 4, pp. 163-165, 1966. outbreak_of_aspergillosis_in_turkey_chicks_in_egypt.pdf
Refai, M., " Aflatoxins and aflatoxicosis. ", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , vol. 48, , pp. 1-9 , 1988. aflatoxins_and_aflatoxicosis.pdf
Refai, M., Hammad, H., A. Hassan, and E.: Moustafa, "Effect of ochratoxin A on different culture types. ", J. Egypt. Vet. Med.Ass. , vol. 54,, pp. 113-122 , 1994. effect_of_ochra_a_on_cultures.pdf
Refai, M., M. Awad, H. Hammam, S. Ibrahim, and A. Mehanna, " Evaluation of locally prepared rose bengal plate and buffered acidified plate antigens of Brucella abortus.", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , vol. 50, issue 1, pp. 216-227-, 1990. evaluation_of_locally_prepared.pdf
Refai, M., ": Zungensoor bei jungen Hunden.", Pilzdialog , vol. 3, , pp. 55 (, 1986. zungensoor.pdf
Refai, M., El-Seedy, F., Karim, I., W. Awad, and H. Hammam, " Serodiagnostic tests for tuberculosis in experimentally infected guinea pigs using cross-absorbed sera or antigens or both. ", J. Egypt. Vet. Med. Ass. , vol. 48, , pp. 565-574 , 1988. serodiag._tests_for_tb.pdf
Rieth, H., and M. Refai, " Beziehungen zwischen humanen und animalen Mykosen. ", GIT Suppl., vol. 6, , pp. 5-6 , 1986. relationship_between_human_and_animal_mycosis.pdf
Rieth, H., and M. Refai, "Bei Mikrosporie Diagnose und Feststellung der Abheilung kulturell sichern", Mycoses, vol. 14, issue 12, pp. 601, 1971. rieth_et_al-1971-mycoses.pdf
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